Presentation on theme: "From Roman Empire to Christian Europe"— Presentation transcript:
1 From Roman Empire to Christian Europe What is Jesus' significance?
2 Jesus’ legacyJesus –Hebrew prophet, but also the bearer of a message that was to transform the worldHis life ended in crucifixion –this event is a point of intersection of the three main developments of the ancient world –Hebrew, Greek, and Latin:Hebrew prophetExecuted by a Roman governorHis teachings were written down in Greek:These documents became the sacred texts of a church that was associated with the Roman empireThe church outlasted the destruction of the empire
4 Jesus’ teachingRevolutionary in terms of Greek, Roman, and Hebrew traditionHebrew idea of God, who was omnipotent, just, was broadened to include mercy that tempered the justiceGreek, Roman religion: outward- ritual actsChristianity: inward, spiritualAll human beings are equal in the eyes of the creator – this idea ran counter to the institution of slavery
5 Jesus, Hebrew Prophet, The Anointed, The Messiah
9 How did Jesus become the expression of divine mercy?
10 Jesus was rejected by his contemporaries His resurrection provided his followers with a symbol of a new dispensations:The son of God in human form suffering to atone for the sins of humanityPaul, apostle to the Gentiles, changed Christianity from a Jewish sect to a worldwide movement all over Asia minor, Greece, and RomeFrailty and corruption of this life and the certainty of resurrection
13 Rome’s declineA.D. one short-lived emperor after another was killed by his own troopsThe Goths to the north and the Persians to the east invaded the eastern provincesEconomic resources of the empire were drained to pay and equip the armiesDebasement of the gold and silver currency
15 The growth of Christianity Through all the years of turmoil the Christian church, persecuted by imperial authorities (Nero, Marcus Aurelius, Diocletian) – was growing in numbers and influence305 A.D. Constantine declared himself Christian and enlisted the support of the Church in his reorganization of the empire
18 Rome’s splitRome could no longer serve as the strategic center of the empireThe western and eastern halves of the empire needed separate administrative and military organizationThe two halves of the empire were distinct cultural and linguistic entities :Latin and GreekConstantine established a new capital for his reign on the site of the Greek city Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople391 –Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the Roman empire
21 The churchIn the east the capital founded by Constantine maintained a Greek-speaking Christian empire for many centuries until, after a long battle against the advance of Islam, the city fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453In the west, in 410 Rome fell to the VisigothsMany of the western provinces had been overrun by new people moving southBut the Church survived, to convert the conquerors to the Christian religionThe church established the cultural and religious foundations of the European Middle Ages