Presentation on theme: "Agricultural Youth Organizations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Agricultural Youth Organizations Oct 2, 2006By Dr. David AgnewAssociate Professor of Agricultural Education
2 Today’ Agenda Review Parliamentary Procedure State 1-4 paragraphs of CreedYour abstracts.Reminder about the speech next weekBig Surprise………SAEPsChild labor laws
3 Review Questions When was FFA founded? Name fives degrees of members. Name four types of members.Where do you find the qualifications for each type of degree.What type of information will you find in the FFA Constitution?Define leadershipName three misunderstandings about leadershipWhat are the three types of leaders?Explain the difference in Transactional & Transformational leadership10 steps to becoming a successful leader
4 Review Questions, Cont…. What are some do’s and don’ts for conducting effective meetings.Why an agenda is importantWhat four things does PP provide for in a meeting.What are the items in a typical FFA agendaWhat does it mean to be Germane, or to have the floor, or to have a quorum?Name 3 forms of voting from lowest to highest.Demonstrate how to conduct a vote.List the different types of motions.
5 Review QuestionsQ1 Which of the following is of such great importance that it takes precedence of all the other motions? Incidental Motions. Main Motion. Privileged Motions. Subsidiary Motion. Q2 Which of the following is used to bring up a new subject or idea to the group? Point of Order. Incidental Motions. Main Motion. Recess. Q3 Which is not a subsidiary motion? Previous Question. Limit/Extend Debate. Refer to Committee. Appeal. Q4 Which of the following requires second, is debatable but not amendable, majority vote? Point of Order. Appeal. Lay on the Table. Withdraw. Q5 Which of the following is used when a member disagrees with the vote result stated by the chair? Suspend the Rules. Postpone Definitely. Lay on the Table. Division of the House. Q6 Suspend the rules requires second, is not debatable, is amendable ad a 2/3 vote. TrueFalse Q7 A parliamentary inquiry requires second, is not amendable or debatable, and no vote. TrueFalse Q8 Moving previous question requires second, not debatable or amendable 2/3 vote. TrueFalse Q9 A main motion can have an amendment and a second amendment. TrueFalse Q10 A rescind does not require a 2/3 vote. TrueFalse
6 Advisor’s Part The Advisor's Part: Vice President: "The advisor." Advisor: "Here by the owl." Vice President: "Why stationed by the owl?" Advisor: "the owl is a time-honored emblem of knowledge and wisdom. Being older than the rest of you, I am asked to advise you from time to time, as the need arises. I hope that my advise will always be based on true knowledge and ripened with wisdom. "Mr/Mrs.Vice President, why do you keep a plow at your station?" Advisor: "Why is the president so stationed?"
7 The FFA Creed Listen to the creed as if you were the judge. Use the Handout which is the judging score card to assess each of the one we hear.Now think about how you would help you student learn to do this as well as these.
8 The FFA Creed The FFA Creed I believe in the future of agriculture, with a faith born not of words but of deeds--achievements won by the present and past generations of agriculturists; in the promise of better days through better ways, even as the better things we now enjoy have come to us from the struggles of former years.I believe that to live and work on a good farm, or to be engaged in other agricultural pursuits, is pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys and discomforts of agricultural life and hold an inborn fondness for those associations which even in hours of discouragement, I cannot deny.I believe in leadership from ourselves and respect from others. I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with such knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the ability of progressive agriculturists to serve our own and the public interest in producing and marketing the product of our toil.I believe in less dependence on begging and more power in bargaining; in the life abundant and enough honest wealth to help make it so--for others as well as myself; in less need of charity and more of it when needed; in being happy myself and playing square with those whose happiness depends upon me.I believe that rural America can and will hold true to the best traditions of our national life and that I can exert an influence in my home and community which will stand solid for my part in that inspiring task. The FFA Creed
9 Paragraph 1 of the FFA Creed I believe in the future of agriculture, with a faith born not of words but of deeds--achievements won by the present and past generations of agriculturists; in the promise of better days through better ways, even as the better things we now enjoy have come to us from the struggles of former years.
10 Paragraph 2 of the FFA Creed I believe that to live and work on a good farm, or to be engaged in other agricultural pursuits, is pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys and discomforts of agricultural life and hold an inborn fondness for those associations which even in hours of discouragement, I cannot deny.
11 Paragraph 3 of the FFA Creed I believe in leadership from ourselves and respect from others. I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with such knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the ability of progressive agriculturists to serve our own and the public interest in producing and marketing the product of our toil.
12 Paragraph 4 of the FFA Creed I believe in less dependence on begging and more power in bargaining; in the life abundant and enough honest wealth to help make it so--for others as well as myself; in less need of charity and more of it when needed; in being happy myself and playing square with those whose happiness depends upon me.
13 Paragraph 5 of the FFA Creed I believe that rural America can and will hold true to the best traditions of our national life and that I can exert an influence in my home and community which will stand solid for my part in that inspiring task.
15 Have you ever experienced…???? Meetings that seem endless because the business could have been completed hours ago?Confusion as to what exactly is being discussed and voted on?Irritation because one person or a small group of people dominate a meeting?The feeling that you never get your voice heard in group discussion?Anger about decisions made that do not reflect the feelings of the majority of the group?
16 There is a solution….you can end the Frustration!!! Here’s How… Know and use Parliamentary ProcedureKnow the dos and don’ts of conducting effective meetings.
17 Objectives for TodayList 5 do’s and don’ts for conducting effective meetings.Explain why an agenda is importantDefine Parliamentary ProcedureExplain why organizations should use parliamentary procedureList the items in a typical FFA agendaDefine terms associated with Parliamentary ProcedureExplain the rules of votingList the types of motionsDemonstrate how to handle a motion
18 Do’s and Don’ts for Conducting Effective Meetings Follow an agendaUse Parliamentary ProcedureStart & end on time (2 hours max)Give everyone a chance to participatePost notices for the meeting well in advance.To the best of your ability make the room comfortable.Secure a meeting location in advance of the announcementleave meeting room clean, & neat. This means replacing chairs, cleaning or erasing marker boards, and removing notes or papers.Use the gavel properlyDon’tsRambleLet a person or group dominate the meetingSpend large amounts time on items that can be referred to committeewait for tardy membersUse meetings for up-dates or status reports.be afraid to ask "Why are we having this meeting?“encourage or allow more than 1 person to speak at the same timeDiscuss a topic before a motion is presentedHave more than one item of business on the floor at once.
19 The Importance of an Agenda An agenda is a formal listing of the business that is to be conducted at a meetingThe agenda must be approved by the membership at the start of the meeting.Whenever possible, an agenda should be presented to membership in advance of the meeting for membership reviewREMEMBER – a well-planned agenda is critical to a well run, organized meeting
20 Sample AgendaEach individual organization can adopt an order of business which might look something like this:1. Reading and approval of the minutes of theprevious meeting2. Reports of standing committees and officers3. Reports of any special committees4. Special orders (guest speakers, etc.)5. Unfinished business6. New Business7. Adjournment
21 FFA Meeting Sample Agenda: 1. Opening Ceremonies2. Minutes of the Previous Meeting3. Officer Reports (Treasurer, Reporter, etc.)4. Vice-President Report on Chapter Program ofActivities5. Special Features (guest speakers, videos, team-building activities, etc.)6. Unfinished Business7. Committee Reports8. New Business9. Ceremonies10. Closing Ceremonies11. Entertainment, Recreation, Refreshments
22 Parliamentary Procedure What is it? A predetermined set of “rules” that will be used to “govern” the way business will be conductedA system of procedure that allows an organization to effectively conduct its official business in a fair and democratic manner
23 What is Parliamentary Procedure? Set of rules and guidelines that allow the following:Majority rulesMinority is heardHandling one item at a timeMaintains order
24 History of Parliamentary Procedure Better known as “Robert’s Rules of Order.”Written by Henry M. Robert in 1876First revised in 1915
25 Why use Parliamentary Procedure? Focus on one item at a time- no more than one issue will be discussedExtend courtesy to everyone- all members have an opportunity to participateObserve the rule of the majority- no group decision is granted without majorityEnsure the rights of the minority- all members have equal access to decision-making
26 Terminology Associated with the conduct of meetings using Parliamentary Procedure The floor: point where attention of meeting should be focused.Germane: discussion or motion pertains to main motion being considered.Quorum: amount of members present required to conduct a meeting.Orders of the Day: Official list of items to be discussed or dealt with on a particular day, e.g. by a legislative body. (Subpart of the agenda)
27 Using the GavelThe gavel symbolizes leadership, represents chair’s authority, makes official noise.Used by the chair to signal actions & responses.1 tap: be seated, announce vote.2 taps: call to order3 taps: all riseSeries of taps: restore orderIt is Not something to play with during the meeting.
28 The Role and Responsibilities of the of Chair What is the purpose or role of the Chair? To act on behalf of the membership in conducting or facilitating a meeting, To preside over something, such as a committee or meeting.Who can be chair? Any member, Usually the prsident but can be anyone (should be someone that can do a fair job of all the above)Can chair discuss business while acting as chair? NO NO NOCan chair step down from the chair’s position and then discuss? YESCan the Chair vote? YES, But often does not unless there is a tie. You never give up your right to vote as a chair.
29 The Role and Responsibilities of the of Chair, Cont. What are the duties of the chair?Guards the rights of each individual and the minority to express an opinion and to vote,assures that the majority will rule,allows only one item of business at a time,keeps to the agenda and the orders of the day,makes sure that Parliamentary Procedure is used,maintains order,counts votes,be aware of the key elements of the constitution,reports outcomes of a vote to the group and to the secretary,uses gavel appropriately,appoints committees,recognizes members to speak or have the floor,Conducts official ceremonies.
30 The Role and Right of Members The membership is responsible for the organization and to establish and maintain effective meeting structure.Every member has the right and responsibility to participate in meetings and the process of parliamentary procedure.Members must educate themselves regarding the Constitution and By-Laws of the group.REMEMBER – Strong group discussion and interaction leads to better decisions.
31 Getting Down to Business… At the appropriate time the chair will call for:Old businessMrs/Mr. Secretary what is our first item of OLD business to transact?According to the agenda the first item of old business is:Is there any old business to become before the group at this time?Will the secretary read the first item of business?If there is no record of old business to transact we will proceed to new businessNew businessMrs/Mr. Secretary what is our first item of NEW business to transact?According to the agenda the first item of NEW business is:Is there any NEW business to become before the group at this time?Will the secretary read the first item of new business?
32 Rules of VotingUsually from a lower to higher form of voting – Voice to roll call or secret balletReport the vote to the Secretary…Why?Ask for assistance in counting if neededDon’t report the outcome until all votes are in.Have a team or committee selected to count ballets if needed (never just one person).
33 Classification of Motions Privileged Motions (5) – do not relate to a pending question, however are of such great importance that they take precedence of all other questions (motions)Incidental Motions (8) – arise from another question that is pending and must be decided before the question out of which they arise (are made as the result of another motion)Subsidiary Motions (7) – applied to other motions for the purpose of appropriately disposing of themMain Motion (1) – used to bring up a new subject or idea to the groupUnclassified (3) – have a definite purpose but are not classified as any other
34 Privileged Motions1. Adjourn – allows the meeting to be officially over*gain recognition from chair“Mr./Madame President, I move to adjourn the meeting.”*second required, not debatable, not amendable, majority vote2. Question of Privilege –may be a group or personal request from the chair*no recognition needed“M/M President, I rise to a group question of privilege – it is difficult to hear you would you please speak up?”*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote
35 Privileged Motions (cont.) 3. Fix a Time To Which to Adjourn – allows for a continuance of the current meeting when it is obvious the meeting will not end in the allowable time frame“M/M President, seeing we will be unable to finish today’s business in the time available, I move that when we adjourn we stand adjourned until 3:00 pm tomorrow.”4. Recess – a short break or intermission in the proceedings which does not close the meeting*gain recognition from chair“M/M President, I move that we take a five minute recess to gather our thoughts on this matter.”*second required, not debatable, is amendable as to time only, majority vote
36 Privileged Motions (cont.) 5. Call for the Orders of the Day – used when the group deviates from the agenda and you would like to follow the agenda*no recognition needed, not debatable or amendable“M/M President, I call for the orders of the day.”President then asks the secretary to read the orders (agenda)President then asks members if there are objections to following the orders of the dayIf there are objections, a vote must be taken and need 2/3 vote of the membership to not follow the orders of the day
37 Incidental Motions6. Point of Order – made when a member of the assembly makes a parliamentary error*no recognition needed“M/M President, I rise to a point of order.”President asks member to state his/her pointMember states parliamentary error and chairperson agrees or disagrees*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote7. Appeal – used when member feels that the chairperson has made a decision not in agreement with the group*no recognition neededChairman says the group was volunteered to clean all of main street“M/M President, I appeal the decision of the chair.”*requires second, is debatable but not amendable, majority vote
38 Incidental Motions (cont.) 8. Suspend the Rules used to deviate from the agenda or allow for special circumstances*need recognition“M/M President, I move to suspend the rules so that our guest speaker may speak at this time.”*requires a second, is not debatable or amendable, 2/3 vote9. Division of the Houseused when a member disagrees with the vote result stated by the chair*no recognition needed“I call for the Division of the House!”President then calls for a revote – any other than voice and states result*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote
39 Incidental Motions (cont.) 10. Parliamentary Inquiry –used when there is a question about parliamentary law*no recognition needed“I raise a parliamentary inquiry.”President then asks member to state his/her inquiry“Is this motion debatable?”President responds*no second, not amendable or debatable, no vote11. Withdraw – used when a member wishes to withdraw his/her motionMember may say “I withdraw my motion” before President restates it and it is dropped.If the President restates the motion, requires a majority vote by the members to withdraw it.*no second, not debatable or amendable, no vote
40 Incidental Motions (cont.) 12. Division of the Question - used when a member feels the motion is really two motions in one*recognition requiredExample: “M/M President, I move that our group have a bake sale for a fundraiser and we go out for pizza after our meeting.”“M/M President, this motion is really two motions in one. Therefore, I move to divide the question into two parts; the first stating that we have a bake sale and the second stating that we go out for pizza after our meeting.”*second required, not debatable but is amendable as to how the question is divided, majority vote
41 Incidental Motions (cont.) 13. Object to the Consideration of the Question – allows group to avoid a motion entirely if they feel it would not be in the best interest of the group to consider it*no recognition, must be made before president restates the motion“M/M President, I object to the consideration of the question!”*A 2/3 vote is then required to pass this motion and if done so, the motion is dropped*no second required, not debatable or amendable
42 Subsidiary Motions14. Lay on the Table – used to postpone decision on the motion until the next meeting (at the latest)*requires recognition“M/M President, I move to lay this motion on the table.”*requires second, not debatable or amendable, majority vote15. Previous Question – used when member wants an immediate vote*requires recognition“M/M President, I move the previous question (on all pending matters.)*requires second, not debatable or amendable, 2/3 vote
43 Subsidiary Motions (cont.) 16. Postpone Definitely – used to remove an issue from the floor to be brought up at the next meeting*recognition required“M/M President, I move to postpone this motion to our next regularly scheduled meeting.”*second required, debatable and amendable as to time, majority vote17. Limit/Extend Debate – used to increase or decrease debate/discussion*recognition required“M/M President, I move to limit/extend debate to five minutes per side/three debates per member.”*second required, not debatable or amendable, 2/3 voteStandard debate rules are twice per motion/ten minutes per debate
44 Subsidiary Motions (cont.) 18. Refer to Committee – used to allow a committee to do more research or look into an issue more**May be a standing committee or special committee**Must state number of members on committee**The power the committee is given (to act, or report back)**How the committee is selected (appointed, volunteer, etc.)**Must address who the chair will be if not a standing comm.“M/M President, I move to refer this motion to a committee of three, appointed by the chair, chair appointed by the chair, giving them the power to act.”*recognition, second, is debatable and amendable, majority vote required
45 Subsidiary Motions (cont.) 19. Amendment – used to change a motion, but never the intent of the motion** Three ways to amend a motion:1. Addition – adding a word or phrase2. Subtraction (striking out) – removal of part of the motionbut not to change the intent3. Substitution – removing part of the motion and inserting anew word or phrase“M/M President, I move to amend the motion by adding the words “and we pay our own way.”**motions can only be amended twice, require recognition, a second, are debatable & amendable, and a majority vote
46 Subsidiary Motions (cont.) 20. Postpone Indefinitely – used to remove an issue from debate permanently (not postponed, dropped)*requires recognition“M/M President, I feel this motion should not be considered by our group, therefore I move to postpone this motion indefinitely.”*second required, is debatable but not amendable, majority voteThe motion may be brought up again, but is not required to be through the power of this motion
47 Main Motion21. Main Motion – used to bring items of business to the group; can not be used if any other motion is on the floor**The only acceptable way to start a motion is to say…“I move…”*recognition required“M/M President, I move that we take a trip to City Hall to learn about our city’s government.”*second required, debatable and amendable, majority vote(the main motion is the lowest ranking of all motions)
48 Unclassified Motions22. Take from the Table – used to bring a motion that was previously tabled back on the floor*requires recognition“M/M President, I move to take from the table the motion concerning our raffle fundraiser that was tabled at our last meeting.”*requires second, not debatable or amendable, majority vote**If motion passes, the chair states that the motion is back on the floor in its debatable and amendable form. Then asks for discussion
49 Unclassified Motions (cont.) 23. Rescind – allows a member to remove some action previously taken*requires recognition“M/M President, I move to rescind the motion which states we take a field trip to City Hall.”*requires second, D & A, 2/3 vote**The member making this motion must have been on the side of the prevailing vote*requires recognition, is debatable“M/M President, I move to reconsider the motion stating that we hire a new parliamentarian.”President would then ask if member was on prevailing side and mention that motion is back on the floor24. Reconsider – allows discussion and a revote on action previously taken
50 Putting it All Together… A common “agenda item” might look like this…President: “Is there any new business…The chair recognizesJohn.”John: “M/M President, I move that we use Parliamentary Lawaccording to Robert’s Rules of Order at all of ourmeetings.”Sue: “I second that motion.”President: “Is there any discussion?”(chat, chat, chat)President: “Seeing no further discussion, we will now proceedto vote. All those in favor say “Aye”; all opposedsame sign. Motion passes.”
51 Final Thoughts…Do not get overwhelmed. Parliamentary Procedure takes practice, practice, practice and patience, patience, patience.Make a conscious group decision that meetings will be conducted according to Parliamentary Law and those laws will be followed by every member.Many parts of Parliamentary Procedure can be “modified” to fit the needs of an individual group.Work together to educate your members on the rules of Parliamentary Procedure to ensure effective meetings.REMEMBER – This is only a brief overview of how Parliamentary Procedure works – keep learning!