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Introduction to Exodus 19 August 2012. What is Exodus? Meanings: departure out-going From what? Egypt Slavery.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Exodus 19 August 2012. What is Exodus? Meanings: departure out-going From what? Egypt Slavery."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Exodus 19 August 2012

2 What is Exodus? Meanings: departure out-going From what? Egypt Slavery

3 Who wrote Exodus? Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible These have different names: The Torah The Five Books of Moses The Pentateuch (Greek for "five containers," which refers to the scroll cases in which books were being kept.)

4 The Pentateuch 1.Genesis – traditions of the origins of mankind and the Hebrew race 2.Exodus – history of Israels deliverance from Egyptian bondage and their establishment as a nation at Mt. Sinai (when the Law was given) 3.Leviticus – more laws to govern the nation

5 The Pentateuch 4.Numbers – 1 st census and genealogy of Israel – 12 spies sent out scout the land – unbelief at Kadesh Barnea that caused 40 years of wandering – Balaam will not curse Israel – Israel curses itself thru idolatry – 2 nd census 5.Deuteronomy – a series of sermons by Moses shortly before he died and before Israel went into Canaan to take the land

6 When did Moses write the Pentateuch? During Israels 40 years of wandering in the desert Probably toward the end of his life

7 Pentateuch Time Period About 2400 years From creation (about 3975 B.C., according to the genealogies given.) Until the time of Moses death

8 When was the Exodus? The further back in time, the less certain we can be of the dates of events. Thus, the safest way to date the Exodus is to go backward from more certain dates to less certain dates. The best reference date is the beginning of the construction of Solomons temple

9 When was the Exodus? And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which [is] the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD. – 1Kings 6:1

10 When was the Exodus? If the construction of Solomons temple began in around 1000 BC (rough estimate), then the Exodus was around 1500 BC ( , rounded up) This was about 3500 years ago Note: Some people say that Planet X, a.k.a. Nibiru or Gabriels Fist, also last passed near the earth around this time and is due to come again soon.

11 Genesis Outline Gen. 1:1 - 11:9 Beginning of the human race About 3975 – 1967 B.C. About 2000 years Gen. 11: :26 Beginning of the Hebrew race About 1967 – 1606 B.C. About 360 years

12 Exodus Outline Ex. 1 - Growth and slavery of Gods people Ex Preparation of Gods deliverer, Moses Ex plagues, 1 st Passover & the exodus Ex Journey from Egypt to Mt. Sinai Ex Mosaic Law given to a new nation Ex Impatience and idolatry (golden calf) Ex Regiving of the Law on Mt. Sinai Ex Construction of the tabernacle & Making of ritual objects

13 Clarification on 430 Years Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Eqypt was 430 years. – Ex. 12:40 NIV (based on Masoretic Hebrew text) Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, [was] four hundred and thirty years. – Ex. 12:40 KJV (based on Masoretic Hebrew text)

14 Clarification on 430 Years And the sojourning of the children of Israel, while they sojourned in the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan, was four hundred and thirty years. – Ex. 12:40 Brenton (based on Septuagint Greek text)

15 Clarification on 430 Years And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. – Gal 3:17 KJV

16 Clarification on 430 Years What we learn from Paul in Galatians 3:17 1.The 430 years was the time span between two important covenants: Gods covenant with Abraham and they which are of faith (a promise of righteousness) Gods covenant with Israel (Mosaic Law for regulating the nation until Christ fulfilled it)

17 Clarification on 430 Years What we learn from Paul in Galatians 3:17 2.The 430 years included the time in both Canaan and in Egypt. 3.When in doubt about the Old Testament, see what the New Testament says. 4.For serious Bible study, do not rely on the NIV translation. It is an ecumenical work that has completely removed 17 verses and 64,576 words. For more info, see

18 Who was with Jacob? (Gen. 46:8-27) 12 sons 1 daughter 55 grandsons 1 granddaughter 3 of Jacobs wives Jacobs sons wives Jacobs grandsons wives Perhaps some slaves Total 70 persons, including Jacob, but not including all the wives and slaves, who were either Canaanite or Egyptian

19 Who was with Moses? (Num. 1:1-46) 603,550 men 20 years old and above who were able to go to war from 11 tribes An unknown number of Levites An unknown number of women & children An unknown number of old men An unknown number of slaves An unknown number of Egyptian converts Total = 2 million to 6 million

20 Exodus Outline Ex. 1 Growth and slavery of Gods people, Israel From about 1606 (death of Joseph) To 1542 B.C. About 64 years (2 generations) Ex. 2-4 Preparation of Gods deliverer, Moses About 1542 – 1462 B.C About 80 years (2 generations)

21 Exodus Outline Ex plagues, 1 st Passover and the exodus About 1462 B.C. Ex Journey from Egypt to Mt. Sinai A 3 month journey – in 1462 B.C.

22 Exodus Outline Ex The Mosaic Law given on Mt. Sinai The beginning a new nation, Israel Ex. 32 Impatience and idolatry (golden calf) God decided to kill all of Israel Moses asks God to change His mind Levites kill all the idolaters

23 Exodus Outline Ex Regiving of the Law on Mt. Sinai Ex Moses instructs Israel Tabernacle constructed Priestly robes and other ritual objects made

24 Bible Lands Overview

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26 Egypt Nile Nile Delta Mediterranean Sea Sinai Canaan © EBibleTeacher.com Josephs Journey to Egypt Joseph sold to caravan Potiphar & Pharaoh Josephs Journey to Egypt

27 Josephs Familys Journey to Goshen Due to the Famine Fertile Nile Delta Egypt Canaan © Josephs Family to Goshen

28 Route of Exodus 1 Route of the Exodus

29 Route of Exodus 2 Route of the Exodus

30 Route of Exodus 3 13km Underwater land bridge

31 Approach through valley Egyptian Chariot Wheel Approach through valley to the sea

32 Trapped Egyptian Chariot Wheel Why Israel felt trapped by the sea

33 Gulf of Aqaba About 1,500 meters deep for most of its length Has a steep 45 degree slope to the bottom.

34 Underwater bridge 1 13km underwater land bridge About 900 meters wide by 13 km long 300 meters deep at the deepest point Has a gentle slope of about 6 degrees to bottom

35 Underwater bridge 2 13km underwater land bridge

36 Underwater bridge 2 13km underwater land bridge

37 Water stayed back Egyptian Chariot Wheel How did the waters stay back? When Moses raised his rod over the sea and God caused a strong east wind to blow, perhaps what happened was that the water quickly froze into a thick mass of ice on either side of what became a channel or trough over this 13 km land bridge.

38 Diving Diving in search of chariot remains

39 Chariot Wheel 1 Found under water on the land bridge

40 Chariot Wheel 2 Egyptian chariot wheels with axle

41 Chariot Wheel 3

42 King Tut chariot Chariot from King Tuts Tomb

43 Mount Sinai

44 Exodus Themes Redemption Deliverance Birth of Israel as and nation Falsehood of idolatry Conditional Mosaic covenant

45 Redemption and Deliverance Therefore tell the children of Israel, I am Yahweh, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments. - Ex. 6:6

46 Redemption and Deliverance Redemption – accomplished through the blood of the passover lamb Deliverance – accomplished through the power of God

47 Birth of Israel as a nation Formalized at Mount Sinai when the Law given Every nations needs a law to govern its people Israel is the only nation in the history of the world to receive its law directly from God Most countries today base their laws on the Mosiac civil law

48 Falsehood of Idolatry Most of the 10 plagues made one or more Egyptian gods lose face This helped both Israelites and Egyptians see that Jehovah was the one true God Even some Egyptians believed in Jehovah Golden calf incident in Ex. 32

49 Plagues attack on gods Plague Egyptian god attacked Nile turned Khnum: guardian of the Nile to blood Hapi: spirit of the Nile Frogs Heqt: frog god Plague on cattle Hathor: cow god Apis: bull of god Ptah Mnevis: sacred bull

50 Plagues attack on gods Plague Egyptian god attacked Hail Nut: sky goddess Isis: goddess of life Seth: protector of crops Locusts Isis: goddess of life Seth: protector of crops

51 Plagues attack on gods Plague Egyptian god attacked Darkness Re, Aten, Atum, Horus (all sun gods of sorts) Death of firstborn The deity of Pharaoh Osiris: the giver of life

52 Golden calf incident of Ex. 32 Good example of God being a jealous God Impatience and idolatry of some people God decided to kill all of Israel Moses asked God to change His mind Levites killed all the idolaters

53 Christ in Exodus Giving of law Giving of Holy Spirit

54 O.T saints were saved by faith in Him who was to come in the future. N.T. saints are saved by faith in Him who has come already. If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. - Gal. 3:29 NKJV O.T. & N.T. Contrasted

55 The O.T. teaches us about God by showing us how He worked in and through the lives of individuals and nations, and what He expected of His people then. The N.T. tells us about God and what He wants of Christians today. O.T. & N.T. Contrasted

56 O.T. & N.T. Compared Both promise blessings for obedience Both promise curses for disobedience

57 Blessings and curses See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse - the blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God … the curse if you disobey. - Deut. 11:26-28 NIV

58 Blessings and curses Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock. - Mt. 7:24,25 NIV

59 Blessings and curses But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash. - Mt. 7:26,27 NIV

60 Eternal importance of obeying Gods commands Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man. For God will bring every deed into judgment, including every hidden thing, whether it is good or evil. -Ecclesiastes 12:13,14 NIV

61 What commands to obey O.T. saints: O.T. commands Timeless moral commands Commands given through special revelation

62 O.T. commands For most certainly, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not even one smallest letter or one tiny pen stroke shall in any way pass away from the law, until all things are accomplished. - Mt. 5:18 This means that 100% of the O.T. law was expected to be obeyed until Jesus accomplished His work on the cross.

63 What commands to obey N.T. saints: N.T. commands Timeless moral commands (mentioned in both the O.T. & N.T) Other revealed commands (unique to the N.T., but given by Jesus and the apostles) Exclude obsolete O.T. commands (those not repeated in the N.T., like circumcision, animal sacrifices, visiting Jerusalem three times each year, not working on Saturdays, etc.)

64 Obsolete O.T. commands When there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the law. - Heb. 7:12 NIV In that He says, A new covenant, He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. - Hebrews 8:13 NKJV

65 Benefit of the O.T. today These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us,... So, if you think you are standing firm, be careful that you don't fall! - 1 Cor. 10:11,12 NIV

66 Be careful you dont fall Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off. - Rom. 11:22 NKJV

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