Agenda Why do we need to legislate health and safety issues? What does OSHA do?
Reminder! First guest speakers presenting tonight Snell 213 at 7:00 Must either attend tonight ’ s session or second session in October Be prepared to write a one-page summary of the speakers ’ key points
Workplace Safety Another important area of federal oversight In which industries do workers have the greatest exposure to unsafe conditions? Which jobs are the least safe?
Discussion questions Why do we need laws about safety? What are some of the challenges involved in creating a safe workplace?
Why should organizations care? Bureau of Labor statistics (2002) 5,524 worker deaths (down 6%) 4.7 million injuries/illnesses Related to bottom line – productivity, medical and insurance costs Also legal and ethical concerns
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (DOL) Goal is to ensure safe and healthful workplaces Prevention through training, inspections Penalties for violations
Accidents Result of unsafe conditions, behaviors Low base rate Can usually practice unsafe behaviors and not have an accident Tends to discourage safe behaviors Accident proneness – some employees are more susceptible to accidents
Workplace Violence One of three leading causes of workplace fatalities Occupations most affected: Police Taxi drivers Private guards Managers of food service or lodging establishments OSHA published guidelines for prevention
Ergonomics Musculoskeletal disorders (carpal tunnel) are a major source of workplace injury Poultry processing Keyboarding/mouse usage Lifting Ergonomic assessment, redesign can help
OSHA Fact Sheets What are they used for? What information do they contain? What examples did you find?
Voluntary Protection Programs Cooperative relationships at workplaces with comprehensive safety and health management systems. Requires rigorous on-site evaluation Participants submit annual self-evaluations Undergo periodic onsite reevaluations to remain in the program VPP worksites have lost workday incidence rate 52% below industry average. Source: http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/vpp/index.html
For next class Topic: Job analysis Read chapter 4 What is the purpose of conducting job analysis? Why are there so many different ways to conduct a job analysis?