From Research to Practice: Scale-up of Male Circumcision for HIV prevention in Tanzania Wambura Mwita National Institute for Medical Research Mwanza, Tanzania.
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From Research to Practice: Scale-up of Male Circumcision for HIV prevention in Tanzania Wambura Mwita National Institute for Medical Research Mwanza, Tanzania
Sub-Saharan Africa remains most affected by HIV 67% PLWA globally in 2007 75% AIDS related deaths globally in 2007. Promoting effective interventions is a priority Male Circumcision (MC) shown to be efficacious. WHO/UNAIDS recommends MC Background - 1
Following the 3 trials AND Recommendation by WHO/UNAIDS A consultative meeting on MC in Sept 2006 Evidence on the protective effect of MC Issues around MC within the country Consensus among stakeholders on MC as additional HIV intervention NIMR Mwanza had conducted a review Identify all studies conducted on MC in Tanzania Lack of info regarding cultural attitudes on MC Capacity of Health facilities to deliver safe MC Background - 2
Steps agreed by the Consultative Meeting Conduct situation analysis study to inform strategies for introduction and scale up of MC. Two Committees should be formed to oversee the operationalization National taskforce Committee National Technical Working Group Names were not identified Formulation of legal, regulatory and policy framework. Background -3
WHO developed a situation analysis toolkit Determine prevalence Cultural and political attitudes on MC Capability of medical services to deliver safe MC WHO organised a training workshop for 13 countries in East and Southern Africa in Harare, Zimbabwe To familiarise participants with the toolkit Determine parts of the toolkit relevant in the country context Agree mechanism of support from UN Background -4
Prior to Harare NIMR Mwanza had developed SA protocol Protocol would be funded by WHO Country office While in Harare From a senior officer from NACP- Tanzania Policy makers have to be part of the entire process Participation of Donors in scale-up efforts Background -5
Another national consultative meeting was convened To form the two taskforces National technical Working Group (TWG) National taskforce Committee (NTC) Preparation of plan of action TWG workshop in Kibaha Familiarize participants of TWG on the generic toolkit TWG to determine parts of the toolkit i.e. relevant to a Tanzanian context. TWG to plan how, where, resources needed for the SA Background -5
Progress -1 A proposal owned by TWG was then finalised and submitted to EC. NIMR Mwanza is conducting SA under TWG SA is conducted in 3 Regions in Tanzania This includes policy reviews and other regulations National Leadership Two Committees A focal person at the MoH
Preparations for demo projects are underway In 3 Regions of Tanzania MC included in the R9 application to Global fund for HIV, TB and Malaria Guidelines for Health Practitioners have been drafted and training started. Progress -2
Partnerships involving policy makers, donors, NGOs and researchers Share knowledge, Experience Mobilise resourced needed Recommend: involvement of all stakeholders right from the inception of the project. Discussion-1
Policy formulation and approval is long process Requires careful negotiations Requires money for scaling up programs Started in Sept 2006 Recommendation Need a dedicated new policy or basic enabling environment Does involvement of donors who are willing to fund the scaling up efforts in low resources countries help? Discussion -2
Conclusion A forum that brings together Policy makers’, Donors, Researchers and NGOs was crucial. Researcher – decision is based on sound evidence. Policy makers – owns the entire process. Donors – funding decisions. NGOs – Implementation strategies.