Fayol’s 14 princicples Division of work Authority Discipline Unity of command Unity of direction Subordination of individual interests Remuneration Centralization Scalar chain Order Equity Stability of tenure Initiative Esprit de corps
Weber’s Five Principles (1) Clear division of labor (2) Clear hierarchy of authority (3) Formal rules and procedures (4) Impersonality (5) Careers based on merit
Formal approaches to management Scientific (Taylor) Administrative principles (Fayol, Follet) Bureaucratic organization (Weber) Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs
Modern Approaches Systems thinking Contingency theories Learning organizations
What would the classics say? Six months after being hired, Bob, a laboratory worker, is performing just well enough to avoid being fired. He was carefully selected and had the abilities required to do it really well. At first, Bob was enthusiastic about his new job, but now he isn’t performing up to this high potential. Fran, his supervisor, is concerned, and wonders what can be done to improve this situation.
Design and work processes Bureaucratic designs Adaptive designs Organic designs Contingencies