Recirculation passes in eRHIC design At present design of eRHIC the beam passes the main linac five times during acceleration. Four of the beam recirculation passes will be placed in the tunnel. Lower energy pass can be put locally. Possible location of the recirculation passes in the tunnel Four recirculation passes PHENIX STAR e-ion detector eRHIC Main ERL (1.9 GeV) Low energy recirculation pass Beam dump Electron source Possible locations for additional e-ion detectors
The RHIC tunnel curvature defines average orbit radius for the passes. The dipole magnet strength is limited by synchrotron radiation loss power. Beam power loss due to synchrotron radiation for 0.26 A beam at 10 GeV versus dipole filling factor.
Longitudinal transport 3 rd harmonic cavities are used in both main and pre-accelerator linacs R 56 =500 mm R 56 =20 mm For acceleration on the crest the recirculating passes should be isochronous enough in order to have acceptable momentum spread after deceleration z, mm dp/p, 1e-3
Basic cell for the recirculating passes FMC cell (D.Trbojevic) Dipole filling factor: 54% Reduced length Tuned to ~0 momentum compaction For 10GeV: Largest gradient: 7.7 T/m Dipole field: 1.6 kGs Dipole length: 5.5 m Quad length: 0.6 m 81 m
Summary of synchrotron radiation I, mA E loss on top pass, MeV E loss on 5 passes MeV Power loss on top pass, MW Power loss on 5 passes MW ( p/p) rad, 1e-3 rad, nm 10 GeV 2604.36.71.11.70.020.04 20 GeV 26691071.82.80.131.3
Tunable R 56 parameter Should give at least +-0.3m tuning range for R 56 on the whole pass. Beta_max change within 15%. R 56 versus gradient of QD2 quad (central quad) For this basic cell there are also some other ways to tune R 56.
Beam parameters and dispersion for each line of the separator
Interaction Straight Layout H-planeV-plane Presently considered geometry of the interaction region straight. Ongoing work on the optics to minimize (or eliminate) dispersion at the IP.
Summary Optics of recirculation passes has been modified, from FODO cell to FMC-cell based optics. Isochronous lattice. Provides the flexible control of R 56 parameter. Optics of recirculation passes has been modified, from FODO cell to FMC-cell based optics. Isochronous lattice. Provides the flexible control of R 56 parameter. Initial separator/merger design has been developed. Initial separator/merger design has been developed. Ongoing work: Ongoing work: Finalizing interaction region straight design. Tracking with magnet errors/misalignments to study tolerances.