Presentation on theme: "Cognitive Theories of Motivation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cognitive Theories of Motivation Roberts & Glick (1981)Champoux (1991)Vroom (1964)Wood & Bandura (1989)
2 Agenda – 6/14/05 Reminders Questions, Comments, or Concerns Cognitive Theories of MotivationJob Characteristics TheoryExpectancy Theory (VIE Theory)Social Cognitive TheoryBreakTRP 3DiscussionThursday
3 SAP 4 and TRP 4 Thursday No SAPs or TRPs Next Week RemindersSAP 4 and TRP 4 ThursdayNo SAPs or TRPs Next Week
4 Please Pass to the Isle and then Forward to the Front. Thanks Turn In SAP 3Please Pass to the Isle and then Forward to the Front. Thanks
5 Questions, Comments, or Concerns? How Can Individuals Reduce the Cognitive Dissonance Associated with Perceived Inequity? Summarize the Major Findings of Deci’s Cognitive Evaluation Theory?
6 Cognitive Theories of Motivation Job Characteristics TheoryHackman & Oldham (1971)Key Features and OutcomesExpectancy TheoryVroom (1964)Social Cognitive TheoryWood & Bandura (1989)Synthesis of Theories
7 Job Characteristics Theory Based on Job EnrichmentFocus on Characteristics of Job to MotivateIncrease Intrinsic Job Satisfaction5 Core Job Dimensions to Measure Motivating Potential Score (MPS)Skill Variety, Task Identity, Task Significance, Autonomy, and FeedbackLead to 3 Psychological StatesMeaningfulness of Work, Responsibility for Outcomes, and Knowledge of ResultsDepending on Growth Need Strength
8 JC Model of Motivation Core Job Dimensions Critical Psych States Personal andWork OutcomeSkill VarietyIncreased Intrinsic MotivationHigh Quality WorkHigh Work SatisfactionReduced Absenteeism and TurnoverMeaningful Work Exp.Task IdentityTask Sig,Responsibility for OutcomesAutonomyKnowledge of ResultsFeedbackEmployee Growth Need Strength
9 Expectancy Theory Valence, Expectancy, and Instrumentality Force = V x I x EFlexible ModelMixed Empirical ResultsDue to Methodological IssuesReliance on “Economic Man”On the Road to Goal Setting Theory
10 Social Cognitive Theory Based on Social LearningAvailable Role Model, Motive to Model, Reward to Model, and Feedback about ModelingSelf-Esteem vs. Self-EfficacySelf-Efficacy Leads to Effort which Leads to PerformanceLevel of Self-Efficacy Determines Difficulty of GoalsInteract with Environmental Factors to Predict BehaviorBegins Cycle of Behavior Reinforcing Beliefs Leading to Self-Selection into Successful Environments
11 Synthesis The Choice Is Yours Affect vs. Cognition Which Comes First?All Theories Assume that People Are RationaleRelevance of GoalsAny Managerial Usefulness?