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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Some theoretical issues regarding Method 2 J. Huston Michigan State University

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 History Based on a series of talks that I gave at Lepton + Jets meetings May 21, 2004 Nov. 7, 2003 Oct. 10, 2003 April 25, 2003 Plus a paper that I wrote with John Campbell “Heavy Flavor in W + Jets Production at the Fermilab Tevatron” hep-ph/0405276 Phys. Rev. D70:094021,2004 2

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Method 2 In Method 2, the calculated ratio for WbBj(j) to Wjjj(j) is used, along with the measured Wjjj(j) cross sections to estimate the heavy flavor background to top production The ratio is calculated at LO and then multiplied by a phenomenological factor of 1.5 for use in background subtractions It would be nicer to put this aspect of the analysis on a firmer basis NLO is firmer than LO The state of the art for NLO calculations is WbB and Wjj although recent advances make the 1 loop calculation of WbBj and Wjjj realistic…but don’t hold your breath WbB and Wjj are available now in MCFM; may give guidance 3

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Scale dependence As expected, scale dependence lessened at NLO More so for exclusive final states than inclusive 4

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 K-factors K-factors depend both on scale choice and p T cuts on jets Ratio of K-factors (WbB/Wjj) is reasonably stable for scales of M W /2 and above 5

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Wbb/Wjj ratio Very dependent on kinematics (jet p T ) at LO More stable at NLO Ratio is higher for inclusive final states than for exclusive final states NLO prediction for exclusive ratio is in agreement with ratio assumed in Method 2 analyses (with factor of 1.5 applied) but note that LO and NLO predictions in MCFM are reasonably close for a jet cut of 15 GeV/c 6

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 HTHT Look at cross sections for WbB(j) and Wjj(j) as a function of the H T variable Distributions look similar at LO but not at NLO 7

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Ratios So it appears that cross sections using very exclusive variables like H T may not have the same shape at LO and NLO so this assumption should not be made in analyses But inclusive variables like the lead jet p T are safer 8

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 PDF uncertainties PDF uncertainties easily calculated using weight technique Note talk given by Craig Group at TeV4LHC meeting in Oct on LHAPDF Easier to use the weight technique to calculate pdf uncertainties in version 5 9

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Calculation of pdf uncertainties Note that CDF webpage seems to be recommending option 3 Option 4 is preferred 10

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 LO vs NLO pdf’s for parton shower MC’s For NLO calculations, use NLO pdf’s (duh) What about for parton shower Monte Carlos? somewhat arbitrary assumptions (for example fixing Drell-Yan normalization) have to be made in LO pdf fits DIS data in global fits affect LO pdf’s in ways that may not directly transfer to LO hadron collider predictions LO pdf’s for the most part are outside the NLO pdf error band LO matrix elements for many of the processes that we want to calculate are not so different from NLO matrix elements by adding parton showers, we are partway towards NLO anyway any error is formally of NLO (my recommendation) use NLO pdf’s pdf’s must be + definite in regions of application (CTEQ is so by def’n) Note that this has implications for MC tuning, i.e. Tune A uses CTEQ5L need tunes for NLO pdf’s …but at the end of the day this is still LO physics; There’s no substitute for honest-to-god NLO. 11

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Rick Field at TeV4LHC: CTEQ6.1 Tune I used LHAPDF! See the next talk by Craig Group! 12

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 W + jets at NLO Currently are working (B. Cooper, A. Messina, D. Waters, J. Dittmann) to obtain W + jets cross sections that can be compared directly to NLO correct for UE and hadronization but not out of cone Hadronization+UE corrections for 0.4 cone different than for 0.7 cone (used for inclusive jet analysis) from Ken Hatakeyama R=0..4R=0.7 13

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Tevatron W + jets studies We can’t help with the VBF Higgs discovery channel at the Tevatron but we can look at the rates for central jet emission in W/Z + jet(s) events Cross section larger for W + jets so that is primary investigation Will compare measured cross sections to LO +PS predictions and to fixed order (LO and NLO) predictions from MCFM In particular, are interested in comparing to CKKW cross sections generated by Steve Mrenna Predictions will be extrapolated to the LHC 14

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Comparisons Look at probability for 3rd jet to be emitted as a function of the rapidity separation of the tagging jets Relatively flat probability, stable with CKKW scale (not shown) Bracketed by two predictions for MCFM using m W and as scales MCFM predicts a slight decrease in the ratio as the tagging jet rapidity separation increases CKKW and ALGEN+Herwig 3p agrees with the data ALPGEN+Herwig 3p too high for this kinematic region MCFM m W MCFM p T jet 15

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Top properties workshop 11/11/05 Summary NLO predictions for Method 2 are more reliable than LO H T is not a good variable to use if you’re expecting similar behavior at NLO (i.e. real world) as at LO of course, best numbers for heavy flavor fractions are given by direct measurement; it will be interesting to compare these to the theory predictions and to better understand the factor of 1.5 A lot of theory tools out there (and more on the way); up to use to make use of them 16

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