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Putty Priming It is advisable to rub a thin layer of putty on the prototype part before sanding Fill up the microscopic cells on the greyfoam surface Fill up the unevenness, holes, cracks and other surface defects which are difficult to spot Act as a marker so that in subsequent sanding, it is easy to visualise which areas had been sanded Blow the model clean and dry before rubbing putty
Sanding Sandpaper is a form of paper where an abrasive material has been fixed to its surface; it is part of the "coated abrasives" family of abrasive products Used to remove small amounts of material from surfaces, either to make them smoother (painting and wood finishing), to remove a layer of material (e.g. old paint), or sometimes to make the surface rougher (e.g. as a preparation to gluing) Waterproof or wet/dry sandpapers use a resin bond and a waterproof backing Adapted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandpaper
Grit Size Grit size refers to the size of the particles of abrading materials embedded in the sandpaper ISO 6344 is an international standard covering the materials sizes and tests regarding sandpaper and other similar coated abrasives. It has three parts: ISO 6344-1:1998: Coated abrasives, sizes and tests ISO 6344-2:1998: Macrogrit, P12 to P220 ISO 6344-3:1998: Microgrit, P240 to P2500
Grit Designation ISO/FEPA Grit designationAverage particle diameter Material removal P600.269 mm P800.201 mm Sanding finishes P1000.162 mm P1200.125 mm Final sanding before painting P1500.1 mm P1800.082 mm P2200.068 mm Sanding finishes between paint coats P24058.5 µm P36040.5 µm P40035 µm P60025.8 µm P80021.8 µm Finishes before buffing P100018.3 µm P120015.3 µm P150012.6 µm Final sanding before buffing P200010.3 µm P25008.4 µm
Material removal Use #60 to #100 for material removal Use a rigid sanding block whenever possible Wrap the paper around half-round or round sanding-block to shape concave surfaces Dry or wet sand Use the hand to feel the surfaces Change sand-paper frequently
General Sanding Rules Face by face From large face to small From flat face to pronounce Keep small protrusion and fillets untouched
Putty Priming After the first putty priming and sanding, there are usually over-sand areas that reveal the greyfoam surface The area must be covered, otherwise it is not possible to achieve a even, glossy spray painting finish Lightly sand down the over-sand areas, rub putty on them and sand them Repeat the process until the entire greyfoam model is covered by putty
Spray Priming It is advisable to spray a thin base-coat on the foam model before sanding finishes Give the part an even colour, reveal the unevenness, holes, cracks and other surface defects which are difficult to spot Act as a marker so that in subsequent sanding, it is easy to visualise which areas had been sanded Reveal contaminations such as uncured putty or ink on the part
Sanding finishes Change to #200 - #400 paper The base-coat will be removed gradually to reveal body material The target is to ‘replace’ previous coarse sandpaper strokes with finer strokes The progress will be fast at the beginning and will slow down when the contact surface area increase
Progressive Sanding A: Thoroughly sanded away all previous strokes B: Leave a trace of previous strokes C: Change sandpaper pre-maturely D: Use finish sanding to ratify unevenness of C A B C D
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