Weather Fronts The key to the weather map Assembled by Ken Mitchell Livermore TOPScience.
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Weather Fronts The key to the weather map http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/af/frnts/ofdef.rxml Assembled by Ken Mitchell Livermore TOPScience
Fronts Stationary FrontStationary Front A front that is not moving. Cold FrontCold Front Leading edge of colder air that is replacing warmer air. Warm FrontWarm Front Leading edge of warmer air that is replacing cooler air. Occluded FrontOccluded Front When a cold front catches up to a warm front. Dry LineDry Line Separates a moist air mass from a dry air mass.
Cold Front transition zone from warm air to cold air. A cold front is defined as the transition zone where a cold air mass is replacing a warmer air mass. Cold fronts generally move from northwest to southeast. The air behind a cold front is noticeably colder and drier than the air ahead of it. When a cold front passes through, temperatures can drop more than 15 degrees within the first hour.
The station east of the front reported a temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit while a short distance behind the front, the temperature decreased to 38 degrees. An abrupt temperature change over a short distance is a good indicator that a front is located somewhere in between.
Warm Front. A transition zone from cold air to warm air. A warm front is defined as the transition zone where a warm air mass is replacing a cold air mass. Warm fronts generally move from southwest to northeast and the air behind a warm front is warmer and more moist than the air ahead of it. When a warm front passes through, the air becomes noticeably warmer and more humid than it was before.humid
Stationary Front a front that is not moving. When a warm or cold front stops moving, it becomes a stationary front. Once this boundary resumes its forward motion, it once again becomes a warm front or cold front.warm frontcold front A stationary front is represented by alternating blue and red lines with blue triangles pointing towards the warmer air and red semicircles pointing towards the colder air.
Occluded Front - when a cold front overtakes a warm front. A developing cyclone typically has a preceding warm front (the leading edge of a warm moist air mass) and a faster moving cold front (the leading edge of a colder drier air mass wrapping around the storm).cyclonewarm frontcold front North of the warm front is a mass of cooler air that was in place before the storm even entered the region.
As the storm intensifies, the cold front rotates around the storm and catches the warm front. This forms an occluded front, which is the boundary that separates the new cold air mass (to the west) from the older cool air mass already in place north of the warm front. Symbolically, an occluded front is represented by a solid line with alternating triangles and circles pointing the direction the front is moving.
Dry Line is a moisture boundary. A dry line is a boundary that separates a moist air mass from a dry air mass. Also called a "Dew Point Front", sharp changes in dew point temperature can be observed across a dry line.dew point temperature Dry lines are most commonly found just east of the Rocky Mountains, separating a warm moist air mass to the east from a hot dry air mass to the west.
Actual Weather Map Yellow dashes mark the Dry Line
On the previous weather map ; Dew pointsDew points east (ahead) of the dry line shown above range from the upper 50's to low 70's with winds from the southeast.winds West of the dry line, dew points were in the 20's and 30's, a decrease of nearly 50 degrees. Air temperaturesAir temperatures ahead of the dry line were generally in the 70's and 80's while behind the dry line, temperatures ranged from the mid 80's to mid 90's. Drier air behind dry lines lifts the moist air ahead of it, triggering the development of thunderstorms along and ahead of the dry line (similar to cold fronts).cold fronts It is not uncommon for tornadic super cells to develop along a dry line.super cells