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© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 1 Global Emergency Communications: The Near-Term Challenge Dr. Eric J. Novotny Senior vice President Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC National Conference on emergency Communications The George Washington University
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 2 Emergency Communications Emergency Communications: Local Regional National International Many requirements for emergency communications are international in scope The ITU is active in promoting international activities in emergency communications
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 3 International Telecommunication Union ITU ITU-T Telecommunication standardization of network and service aspects ITU-R Radiocommunication standardization and global radio spectrum management ITU-D Assisting implementation and operation of telecommunications in developing countries 189 Member States 700 Sector Members
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 4 Emergency Communication Requirements Four communication scenarios: Citizen to citizen [including business communications] Authorities to authorities [At all levels and functions] Authorities to citizen Citizen to authorities Disaster prediction and detection – meteorological and Earth observation satellite services Disaster warning and alerts – broadcast, fixed, mobile and related satellite services Disaster relief – Amateur, broadcast, fixed, mobile and related satellite services
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 5 Roles of the ITU Three current examples: Tampere Convention—to facilitate exchange of telecom equipment in disaster relief operations 2003 WRC: reserved spectrum for emergency communications Standardization work on call priority
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 6 Disaster prediction and detection Meteorological and Earth observation satellite services Operated primarily by government agencies Play a major role in prediction and detection of disasters (such as hurricanes, earthquakes and tsunamis, floods, fires, dangerous pollution, etc.)
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 7 Disaster alerting Alert the central/regional/local authorities responsible for warning the public – fixed, mobile, fixed/mobile-satellite Issue warnings to the people likely to be affected - broadcast, sound and television - mobile (such as SMS)
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 8 Disaster relief Amateur radio– a long history of aiding with communications during disasters Earth observation satellites – damage assessment Fixed/mobile satellite - to rapidly restore communications capabilities Fixed – transportable, high capacity - point-to-point and local area Mobile – coordination of relief activities
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 9 Resolution 646 (WRC-03) “ Strongly recommends use of regionally harmonized bands : Region 1: 380-470 MHz as the frequency range within which the band 380‑385/390‑395 MHz is a preferred core harmonized band for permanent public protection activities within certain countries of Region 1; Region 2: 746-806 MHz, 806-869 MHz, 4 940- 4 990 MHz; Region 3: 406.1-430 MHz, 440-470 MHz, 806-824/851- 869 MHz, 4 940‑4 990 MHz and 5 850-5 925 MHz ”
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 10 Global Circulation — Type Acceptance Recommendation ITU-R M.1637 “ Global cross-border circulation of radiocommunication equipment in emergency and disaster relief situations ” Recommendation ITU-R M.1579 “ Global circulation of IMT-2000 terminals ” Recognize the importance of the needs of organizations dealing with disaster relief
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 11 Status of studies – Amateur involvement Recommendation ITU-R M.1042-2: “ Disaster communications in the amateur and amateur- satellite services ” Encourages the development of robust, flexible and independent amateur service and amateur-satellite service networks, capable of providing communications during disasters and relief operations
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 12 Future activities Study the protection and spectrum needs of advanced meteorological/Earth exploration satellite systems (WRC-07) Study implementation technologies for disaster alerting and disaster relief communications solutions Revise and update the experience on emergency systems and characteristics in line with operational experience and technological developments
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 13 Possible future activities Add-ons to existing system specifications: System priorities for emergency message broadcast: audio, audiovisual, text Extension of short text messaging to fixed telephones (circuit- switched and IP/soft-phones) Definition of methods to address multiple languages and communication for people with disabilities, in particular for IP- based systems Definition of an E-series recommendation unique country code for emergency communications
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 14 Conclusions ITU has historically played an important role in communications for disaster prevention and mitigation In the Radiocommunications Sector: Regionally harmonized frequency bands have been identified for disaster relief operations Studies are continuing regarding the development of meteorological and Earth observation satellite services Further work is required on near-term technical and operational solutions for disaster alerting and disaster relief communications
© 2005 Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 15 TechConnect Oak Ridge Technology Connection, LLC 701 Scarboro Road Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Oak Ridge Tel: 1-865 574 1126 DC Tel: 1-703 683 5944 CEO: email@example.com Service Bureau: firstname.lastname@example.org Washington Office: email@example.com Offices: Oak Ridge, TN – Newport Beach, CA - Washington, DC
IEEE Submission Sept 2008 Michael Lynch, Nortel Networks Slide 1 ITU-R Regulatory Background Date: Authors:
GSC: Standardization Advancing Global Communications ITU-R Developments on Emergency Communications B. Gracie, Chairman, RAG/ITU-R SOURCE:ITU-R TITLE:ITU-R.
ITU activities related to disaster management and early warning Richard Hill Counsellor, ITU-T Study Groups 2 and 3 CAP Implementers Workshop, Geneva,
World Meteorological Organisation Use of Radio Spectrum for Meteorology: Weather, Water and Climate Monitoring and Prediction Jean-Michel Rainer.
World Meteorological Organisation Use of Radio Frequency bands for meteorological systems Jean-Michel Rainer.
ITU-R activities related to TDR Colin Langtry Counsellor Radiocommunication Study Group 8 Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, February.
Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27July 2010 Role of ITU-T & ITU-R Ahmed ZEDDAM Ahmed ZEDDAM, ITU-T SG5 Chair France Telecom Orange ITU-T Workshop on Delivering Good.
Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, July 2012 Standardization for disasters Takashi Egawa, Vice chair of FG-disaster NEC Corporation
Workshop: The Role of Remote Sensing in Disaster Management, ITU, Geneva, December ITU Activities in Remote Sensing International Telecommunication.
23/01/ ITU-R Study Group Activities Kevin Hughes Radiocommunication Bureau ITU Kevin Hughes Radiocommunication Bureau ITU.
13th Meeting of the Regional Interagency Working Group on ICT, 20 November 2009, Bangkok, Thailand 13th Meeting of the Regional Interagency Working Group.
Fabio Leite, IMT-2000 Project Manager International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Emergency Telecommunications Workshop February.
WRC-12 Preparation CPG Chairman /
Telecommunications Technology Association 29/04/2003GSC-8, OTTAWASlide 1 Identification of Agenda items of WRC that are of interest to PSO As of April,
Review of ITU-R Study Group Activities Kevin A. Hughes Radiocommunication Bureau.
GSC Global Standards Collaboration GSC#10 28 August – 2 September 2005 Sophia Antipolis, France 1 ITU-R activities on Public Protection & Disaster Relief.
WRC-15 Agenda Item 1.3 Broadband Public Protection & Disaster Relief (PPDR) XXV MEETING OF CITEL PCC.II February 23-27, 2015 Medellin, Colombia - For Information.
World Meteorological Organisation Use of Radio Frequency bands for for meteorological systems Jean-Michel Rainer.
Phuket, Thailand, 20 May 2013 Roles of NBTC in Disaster Relief Atiwat Aimdilokwong Division Director, NBTC ITU Workshop on “Disaster.
GSC-19 Meeting, July 2015, Geneva Standardization activities in ITU: -ITU-T Focus Group on Disaster Relief Systems, Network Resilience and Recovery.
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