Presentation on theme: "NORMS OF ISLAMIC FINANCE Prohibition of Riba"— Presentation transcript:
1NORMS OF ISLAMIC FINANCE Prohibition of Riba AUSAF AHMADIBF-NET COURSE ON ISLAMIC FINANCEChennaiOctober
2In the name of ALLAH the most kind The most merciful.
3Islamic Finance: A Value based Project Modern Economics claims to be positive, universal and value neutral.Its value judgments are hidden.Islamic Finance does not hide its value premises.The values of Islamic Finance are based on Islamic norms and Islamic Philosophy.
4ISLAMIC NORMS OF BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS Should not indulge in RibaShould not involve in GhararShould not indulge in fraudulent behaviorShould not coerceShould not deal in prohibited goods.Should not take advantage of anybody’s needsShould not withhold supplies to raise pricesShould not withhold information to take advantage of ignorance.
5Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an FIRST REVEALATION:That which you give as Riba (interest) the people’s wealth increases not with God; but that which you give in Charity, seeking the goodwill of God, multiplies manifold. [ 30 : 39]
6Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an [contd.] SECOND REVEALATION:And for their taking interest even though it was forbidden for them, and their wrongful appropriation of other people’s property, We have prepared those among them who reject faith a greivous punishment. [4: 161]
7Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an [contd.] THIRD REVEALATION:o believers, take not doubled and redoubled interest, and fear God so that you prosper. Fear the fire which has been prepared for those who reject faith, and obey God and the Prophet so that you may receive mercy [3: 130-2]
8Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an [contd.] FOURTH REVELATIONThose who benefit from interest shall be raised like those who have been driven to madness by the touch of the Devil; that is because they say: “Trade is like interest” while God has permitted trade and forbidden interest. [2: 275]
9Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an [contd.] God deprives interest of all but blesses Charity. He loves not the ungrateful sinners (276)
10Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an [contd.] O believers ! Fear Allah and give up interest that remains outstanding, if you are true believers. [2: 278]
11Prohibition of Riba in Qur’an [contd.] If you do not, then be sure of being at war with God and His messenger. But if you repent, you can have your principal. Neither you should commit injustice nor you be subjected to it. (279)If the debtor is in difficulty, let him have respite until it is easier, but if you forego out of charity, it is better for you if you realize.(280)The verse 2:279 is the strongest condemnation of Riba.
12Riba in HadithFrom Jabir: “ The Prophet (pbuh) cursed the receiver, the payer of interest, the one who records it and the two witnesses of the transaction and said: They are all alike (in guilt)[Reported by Muslim, Tirmidhi and Ahmad]
13Riba in Hadith [contd.]Jabir b. Abdallah said: The Prophet (pbuh) said, “All of the riba of Jahiliyah is annulled. The first riba that I anul is our riba, that accruing to ‘ Abbas b. Abd al Muttalib; it is being cancelled compeletely.[ Reported by Muslim and Ahmad : Last Sermon of the Prophet (Pbuh)]
14Meaning of Riba Meaning: Derived from Riba yarbou Literal meaning: to growTechnical meaning: interest, usuryIllah: two considerations: (1) Excess of Amount (2) delay in deliveryExample: gold for gold: (i) equal amount (2) on the spot. Implies No Riba.
15TYPES OF RIBA RIBA OF DEBT (Riba al Diyun) RIBA OF TRADE (Riba al Fadl)Both types of Riba are prohibited in Islam. Riba al Diyun is also known as Riba al jahiliah. It is prohibited by the Quranic injunctions. Riba al Fadl is prohibited by Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh).
16RIBA OF Debt [Riba al diyun] Riba of the period of Jahiliyah: Prevailing in Arabia before the advent of IslamThe debt is linked with time. Any extension in time is granted only by raising the price of debt (interest).Prohibited on the strength of Quranic injunction.Riba is compulsory payment built in the contract as a necessary condition. It is held that any excess paid by by the debtor voluntarily shall not be considered Riba.
17Is Bank interest Riba? Difference of opinions: Traditional View: Yes, It resembles Riba al Diyun where it is built in the contract.Liberal View:No, it is radically different from Riba al DiyunThere is near consensus around the traditional View.
18RIBA OF TRADE [ Riba al fadl] The Prophet (pbuh) said: “ Gold for Gold, Silver for Silver, Wheat for What, barley for barley, dates for dates, salt for salt - like for like, hand to hand. Whoever pays more or takes more, indulges in Riba. The taker and giver are alike (in guilt).Narrated by : Abu Saeed KhudriReported by: bukhari
19Meaning of the HadithIs Riba confined to six commodities: Gold, silver, wheat, barley, dates and salt.Two categories: precious metals (medium of exchange) and food itemsIs Riba confined to these two categories?What is the meaning for Like for Like and hand to hand [ Mthlin bi mithlin, yadin bi yadin.
20Meaning of Riba al FadlIt is related with the exchange of one good with the same good.Some experts consider it to be a form of Bay’ al fasid (illegal sale)Barter between different goods is allowed.
21RIBA, INTEREST AND USURY No distinction between interest and usury i.e. between low and high rates.No distinction between consumption and production loansNo distinction between individual and institutional loansThe attempts to dilute the injunction against Riba have not been successful.
22DEBT FINANCE Vs. PARTICIPATORY FINANCE Participatory finance, in comparison, to debt finance is:More justMore equitableMore efficientMore growth oriented.
23DISADVANTAGES OF RIBA BASED FINANCE Riba based finance is inefficient. Riba based finance is unjust Riba based finance discourages growth. Riba based finance leads to economic instability. Riba based finance leads to economic inequalities.
24ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE The justification of Islamic banking and finance is built around the prohibition of RibaIt assumes that Riba is prohibited.It suggests to conduct banking and financial activity on interest free basis . That is why it is known as interest free banking also.