2 ObjectivesDeveloping a basic understanding of what GIS is, its operations, and its uses.Getting familiar with GIS project management.Learning to plan a GIS project and write a project proposal.
3 Break it down…. Short Answer: Geographic: ge·o·graph·ic adj relating to geography in general, or to the geography of a specific regionInformation: in·for·ma·tion n.1. definite knowledge acquired or supplied about somethingSystems: sys·tem n7. an assembly of electronic components that function together as a unit
4 What is GIS? How it’s built…. Computer Hardware PlatformComputerGIS SoftwareArcGISData StorageInternet, etc.
5 What is GIS? How it’s built…. Data Input HardwareScanners, etc.Information Output HardwareColor printerGIS DataVariety and a plethoraPeopleAll good, but need you!
6 GIS Software Data entry from a variety of sources DigitizingScanningText filesData management toolsBuilding data setsEditing spatial features & attributesMapping
7 GIS Software Thematic mapping Data analysis Map layout Displaying SymbolizingCombing layersData analysisMap layoutSoft and Hard copiesTitles, scale bars, north arrows, other elements
8 History of GIS 2nd century B.C. Early computers Dr. Roger Tomlinson “Father of GIS”Canada
9 History of GIS 1969: Laura & Jack Dangermond Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)
10 So, what can it do?Land use planning, environmental management, business marketing, sociological analysis, etc.Elk Habitat Study (p. 4)
11 Terms to know Aspatial data Spatial data Layers Not tied permanently toHouse addressSpatial dataTied to a specific location on the Earth’s surfaceLayersSingle file of related objects
12 Projects…yes, you will do one! It’s 50% of your grade, so it’s important.Identify additional project needsIdentify project needsDevelop suitable modelEvaluate dataCorrect dataObtain more data?Collect required dataPerform analysisEvaluate resultsPresent results
13 It’s not as difficult as it seems! Planning a GIS ProjectDecide on a topic of interest.Formulate a specific questionDecide on an approach/model to useDetermine data (layer available?)Write a proposalIt’s not as difficult as it seems!