Ocean Science Research in China State Oceanic Administration 2010.03.
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Ocean Science Research in China State Oceanic Administration 2010.03
Status of the Development of Marine science and Technology ◆ research institutions 125 including the ocean related sectors, 11 coastal provinces and cities in mainland ◆ scientists and technicians more than 13000 ◆ launched ocean satellites 2 ◆ main scientific research vessels 20 ◆ main scientific observation stations in the coastal areas 13, and in the polar area 3
Status of the Development of Marine science and Technology ◆ sample banks 3 including Ocean Geological Sample bank, Ocean Microorganism Preservation Center and Polar Sample bank. ◆ basic and applied basic research key laboratories 36 state key laboratories 6
The researchers’ composition in 58 ocean R&D institutions in China in 2006.
In 2005, total number of marine science and technology achievements is 1306, of which 488 patents, 4949 academic papers, 68 Science and Technology Progress Awards at the province and ministry level. There are two achievements awarded by the central government. 区域网络区域网络
“Comprehensive Survey and Evaluation of the offshore sea in China” which is the special project with the largest scale has been completely launched
During the 21st Antarctic Expedition, the scientists reached Antarctic Dome A for the first time. 考察队员登上南极内陆冰盖 最高点 “ 冰穹 A”
The first cruise for global ocean expedition across three oceans was carried out by China in 2005.
China firstly carried out the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Expedition 184 in the South China Sea, breaking the zero record of deep sea scientific drilling in the China Seas.
Policy of Marine science and Technology 1. Ocean technology is listed as one of the five strategic key missions in the National Medium- and-long Term Plan (2006-2015) for Science and Technology Development. 2. The Eleventh Five-Year Plan for Marine Science and Technology Development 3. The Special Plan for the Seawater Integrated Utilization
Policy of Marine science and Technology 4. The first National Ocean Development Plan issued in 2008, marine scientific and technological development is one of the key missions. In September 2006, the first National Marine Science and Technology Conference was held in China.
◆ country-owned marine technology Seawater desalination; Exploitation of ocean resources; Ocean ecological and environmental protection; Ocean engineering technology and facilities; Key tasks related to Ocean in National Plan for Science and Technology Development
◆ high ocean technology Three-dimensional monitoring technology; Rapid detecting technology with multi-parameters from the ocean bottom; Technology for exploiting the natural gas hydrate; Deep sea operation technology;
Key tasks related to Ocean in National Plan for Science and Technology Development basic ocean research Sea-land-air interaction and Asia monsoon system variation and its prediction; Carbon cycling process of Chinese offshore sea- land ecological system; Sustainable application of ocean resources, and protection and research on the marine ecological environment.
The Eleventh Five-Year Plan for the Development of Marine science and Technology Development Guidelines 1. To Extend the research areas from offshore to deep sea and ocean, not only to strengthen regional scientific problem research, but also to pay more attention to global issues. 2. To prevent and mitigate disaster, and guarantee the national ocean environmental security. 3. To improve the supportive ability of science and technology for ocean sustainable exploitation
The Eleventh Five-Year Plan for the Development of Marine science and Technology Missions in the Plan 1. Develop ocean environment monitoring and forecasting technology to improve ocean environment safe ability; 2.Develop ocean exploitation and protection technology to promote healthy development of ocean economy; 3.Carry out marine basic research to improve understanding of ocean; 4. Strengthen ocean management research to promote sustainable development of ocean;
The Eleventh Five-Year Plan for the Development of Marine science and Technology Missions in the Plan 5. Carry out special ocean projects; 6. Promote the establishment of ocean innovation system to improve the innovative ability of marine science and technology; 7. Strengthen the infrastructure platform construction for the marine science and technology to consolidate basic conditions for the marine study; 8.Intensify marine science and technology education to foster the talent team for the marine science and technology.