Presentation on theme: "Learning Objectives for CIT Reference"— Presentation transcript:
Learning Objectives for CIT Reference http://tlt.its.psu.edu/suggestions/research
Why learning objectives? The purpose of objectives is to communicate Objectives guide teaching, learning and assessment; Objectives guide the content materials; Students will understand expectations; Students are expected to do differently (behavioural change) as a result of what has been learned.
What are learning objectives? Measurable; Short-term; Observable student behaviours; Indicating the desirable behavioural changes in knowledge, skills or attitudes to be gained
Ex:Write your learning objective Refer to the handout – class work Judge the objectives by your own professional sense whether they are “ specific ”. Comment and rewrite on those not “ specific ”.
Ex: Goal or Objective? Give the example of … Select the appropriate storage device Type 40 Chinese characters Appreciate different ways of solving problems Have confidence in using IT Enjoy programming Students are able to
Three types of learning objectives Cognitive (intellectual thinking) Information, knowledge, understanding, comprehension, application analysis, synthesis and evaluation of the subject matter Affective (feeling) Attitudes, values, feelings, emotions and interest Psychomotor (doing) Manipulating skills, physical skills http://www.nwlink.com/%7Edonclark/hrd/bloom.html
Ex: What types they are? From the list of goals or objectives of CIT, find out those of affective. Are there any of psychomotor?
Meaning of “ specific ” in writing learning objectives (ABCD method) Audience - who are your learners? Behaviour - what is expected? Condition - under what circumstances or context will the behavior be performed? Degree - how much will be accomplished, how well will the behaviour need to be performed, and to what level? http://tlt.its.psu.edu/suggestions/research/Write_Objectives.shtml
Ex:Write a specific objective Domain Audience Behaviour Conditions Degree (ability)
Action or behavioural verbs Words that describe observable actions, or the creations of observable products Words that categorise different levels of learning objectives that the students are expected to achieve http://www.nwlink.com/%7Edonclark/hrd/bloom.html
Different levels of action verbs (behaviours) for learning objectives Example: To construct a program … To construct a subprogram such that … To insert a statement to complete the given program such that … To fill in commands/words to make a valid program statement …
Ex: Develop some special action verbs (behaviours) for CIT
Learning objectives tied with student activities Different levels of learning objectives define the scope and kinds of student activities a hierarchy of learning (Adapted from Dwyer (1991)) https://courses.worldcampus.psu.edu/public/faculty/studentactivities.html
Tie with activities http://www.adprima.com/examples.htm Level of LearningStudent activities FactsSelf-check quizzes, etc. ConceptsHave students show examples/non- examples, student generated flowchart, etc. Rules/PrinciplesDesign projects and prototypes, simulations, etc. Problem-solvingCase study, small group discussion, critical thinking, teamwork, etc.
Learning objectives tied with assessment Match the level of objective with corresponding learning activities and assessment instruments (Adapted from Dwyer (1991))
A mismatch The instructional activities mismatch the level of objective and assessment instrument. (Adapted from Dwyer (1991))