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Marketing and corporate strategies

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Presentation on theme: "Marketing and corporate strategies"— Presentation transcript:

1 Marketing and corporate strategies

2 Kinds of organizations
Profit organizations. A privately owned organization that serves its customers in order to earn a profit Nonprofit organizations. A nongovernmental organization that serves its customers but does not have a profit as an organizational goal.

3 Levels in organizations
Corporate level. Where top management directs overall strategy for the entire organization. Business Unit Level. Level at which business unit managers set direction for their products and markets. Functional level. Is where groups of specialists create value for the organization. (i.e. departments)

4 Three levels of strategy in an organization
Corporate strategy Vision Corporate goals Philosophy and culture Business unit strategy Mission Business goals Competencies Functional strategy Information systems Research & development Manufacturing Finance Marketing Human resources

5 Combination of Customer Relationships
The Organization’s Success Quality Efficiency Customer Innovation Relationships

6 Strategy at the corporate level

7 Corporate vision is a clear word picture of the organization’s future, often with an inspirational theme. It sets the overall direction for the organization, describing what it strives to be--stretching the organization, but not beyond reason.

8 a targeted level of performance set in advance of work.
A goal is a targeted level of performance set in advance of work. Therefore, corporate goals provide strategic performance targets that the entire organization must reach to pursue its vision.

9 Corporate goals may be articulated in terms of:
- profits quality - sales revenue employee welfare - market share - social responsibility - unit sales

10 Corporate Philosophy and Culture
Corporate philosophy establishes the values and “rules of conduct” for running the organization. Corporate culture refers to a system of shared attitudes and behaviors held by the employees that distinguish it from other organizations.

11 Strategy at the Business Unit Level

12 Business Unit Mission and Goal
The business unit mission is a statement that specifies the markets and product lines in which a business will compete. It communicates the scope of a business unit. A business unit goal is a performance target the business unit seeks to reach in an effort to achieve its mission. Goals that are more specific, measurable and quantifiable are called objectives.

13 ? Boston Consulting Group Growth-Share Matrix Market growth rate
20% High 10% Low 0% ? Question mark Star A Market growth rate D B Cash cow Dog C 10x High 1x Low 0.1x Relative market share (share relative to largest competitor)

14 Objectives for each SBU
Build. Increase market share through cash injection. Make Starts out of Question marks. Hold. Maintain market share. Often used for Cash Cows which are already generating large amounts of cash Harvest. Increase short-term cash output of the SBU. Pump cash from Dogs or Cash Cows into Stars or Question Marks. Divest. Sell the SBU. Question Marks and Dogs are ideal candidates

15 Specifying the SBU’s Competencies: Some Important Definitions
competitive advantage is . . . quality is . . . benchmarking is

16 Strategy at the Functional Level
Marketing and other functional departments create their own functional goals –really extensions of corporate and business unit goals.

17 The Strategic Marketing Process
Where are we now? Where do we want to go? How do we allocate our resources to get where we want to go? How do we convert our plans into action? How do our results compare with our plans, and do deviations require new plans and actions?

18 Marketing Plan The strategic marketing process is usually formalized in a Marketing Plan, which is a road map for the marketing activities of an organization for a specified future period of time.

19 The strategic marketing process Market-product focus and goal setting
Planning phase Situation (SWOT) analysis Market-product focus and goal setting Marketing program Corrective Action Marketing plan Implementation Phase Results Control Phase

20 Market-product focus and goal setting
Planning phase Situation (SWOT) analysis Market-product focus and goal setting Marketing program Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Market Penetration / New Markets Product Development Diversification

21 Market-product focus and goal setting
Planning phase Situation (SWOT) analysis Market-product focus and goal setting Marketing program Market Segmentation. Aggregating prospective buyers into groups, or segments that have: common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action. Selecting the target markets. Finding points of difference for the product. (Competitive advantage)

22 Market-product focus and goal setting
Planning phase Situation (SWOT) analysis Market-product focus and goal setting Marketing program Developing the marketing mix (4 Ps) Developing the budget

23 Elements of the marketing mix that compose a cohesive marketing program
manager Product Features Brand name Packaging Service Warranty Price List price Discounts Allowances Credit items Payment period Promotion Advertising Personal selling Sales promotion Publicity Place Outlets Channels Coverage Transportation Stock level Cohesive marketing mix Promotion Place Price Product

24 Implementation Phase The implementation phase involves executing the marketing plan and putting it into effect: Obtaining resources (money and personnel) Designing the marketing organization Developing schedules Executing the marketing program (strategy and tactics)

25 Organization of a Typical Manufacturing Firm, Showing a Breakdown of the Marketing Department
President Vice President Research and Development Department Vice President Manufacturing Department Vice President Marketing Department Vice President Account and Finance Department Vice President Human Resources Department Manager Marketing Research Manager Product Planning Manager Sales Manager Advertising & Sales Promotion Sales Regions and Representatives

26 Strategy versus Tactics
Strategy means by which a goal is to be achieved, characterized by a specific target market and a marketing program to reach it Tactics are detailed day-to-day operational decisions essential to the overall success of marketing strategies

27 Comparing results with plans to identify deviations
Control Phase Comparing results with plans to identify deviations Finding the planning gap Acting on deviations Performance less than expected –Corrective action Performance greater than expected –Uncover the reason

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