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Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1"— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Classification of Different types of Plant & Machinery & machine in each type Anup A. Mohabansi. Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

2 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Why Immovable property valuer should have Basic knowledge of Plant & machinery Gen eg. Since knowledge of Structural Engineering is must for Architect / Designer for better planning like wise [1] in most of the Valuation assignments immovable Property Valuer & Plant and Machinery valuer have to work jointly. [2] Basic Knowledge of Plant and Machinery is very essential [3] Best use of existing specific plant to any other alternative plant can be thought of and accordingly valuation of immovable property can be justified e.g. a unit of automobile plant can easily converted to Manufacturing plant for construction equipment , Textile Plant & others [4] as per existing situation valuer can think of permissible & alternative use in that location e.g. machine foundations of existing plant can be reused for some other plant. [5] Due consideration can be given to environmental aspect if we know the effluent eg. Sugar industries effluent like Molasses can affect the Real Estate Value in Vicinity. Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

3 for manufacturing items, Plants are establish
Plant is sole process of Manufacturing an items normally the plants consists of Numbers of different type of machinery, Ancillary plants Service system Controlling unit Raw Material storage Finish Goods storage Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

4 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
As per valuation norms All movable assets which concern the industrial plant, Machinery will fall under one of the following group 1] Plant and machinery 2] Service system 3] Loose Tolls & Equipments 4] Fixtures & Fittings 5] Office & other Furniture 6] Office Equipments (Computer Hardware, Software, Typewriters, Printing, Xerox & others) 7] Vehicles 8] Raw Material Stock 9] Finished Stock Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Type of Plants [A] Automobiles Plants Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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7 [B] Bottle Manufacturing Plant
Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

8 Machinery Required for Bottle Manufacturing Plant
Bottle Unscrambler Carbonation Equipment Double-Sided Pressure Sentive Flash Pasteurizer Heat Shrink Packer High Speed Rotary Blow Molder Injection Molding System Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 400 CPM Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 250 CPM Single-Sided Pressure Sensitive Labeler Stretch Blow Mold System Suspending Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP Tunnel Pasteurizer Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

9 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 400 CPM Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 250 CPM Single-Sided Pressure Sensitive Labeler Stretch Blow Mold System Suspending Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP Tunnel Pasteurizer Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

10 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Cement Plant Process Flow Chart                                                      Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Rotary Kiln Cement Plant Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Manufacturing Process 1. Crushing & Proportioning: Limestone rock is the principal raw material, the first step after quarrying in the processes is the primary crushing. Mountains of rock are fed through crushers capable of handling pieces as large as an oil drum. The first crushing reduces the rock to a maximum size of about 15 cm (6 po). The rock then goes to secondary crushers or hammer mills for reduction to about 7.5 cm or smaller. 2. Raw milling & Blending: The next step in the process is to grind the above particles to a size of 90 microns or less which is done in a raw mill, a closed circuit ball mill equipped with high efficiency separator. After achieving the 90 microns size the fine grinded material also known as raw meal is sent to the continuous blending silos (CFC) for homogenization & extracted by means of load cell hopper for the next step which is feeding to the kiln pre heaters. 3. Pyro processing: The raw material is heated to exceeding 1,450 °C (2,700 degrees F) in huge cylindrical steel rotary kilns lined with special firebrick. Kilns are frequently as much as 3.7 M (12 pi) in diameter, large enough to accommodate an automobile and longer in many instances than the height of a 40-story building. Kilns are mounted with the axis inclined slightly from the horizontal. The finely ground raw material or the slurry is fed into the higher end. At the lower end is a roaring blast of flame, produced by precisely controlled burning of powdered coal, oil or gas under forced draft. 4. Burning and cooling: As the material moves through the kiln, certain elements are driven off in the form of gases. The remaining elements unite to form a new substance with new physical and chemical characteristics. The new substance, called clinker, is formed in pieces about the size of marbles. Clinker is discharged red-hot from the lower end of the kiln and generally is brought down to handling temperature in various types of coolers. The heated air from the coolers is returned to the kilns, a process that saves fuel and increases burning efficiency. 5. Cement milling, Storage & Packing: Portland cement, the basic ingredient of concrete, is a closely controlled chemical combination of calcium, silicon, aluminum, iron and small amounts of other ingredients to which gypsum is added in the final grinding process to regulate the setting time of the concrete. Lime and silica make up about 85% of the mass. Common among the materials used in its manufacture are limestone, shells, and chalk or marl combined with shale, clay, slate or blast furnace slag, silica sand, and iron ore. The above mixture Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

14 Machinery Required for Cement Plant
Air Blasters Cement Grouting Pump Cement Machinery Clinker Grinding Unit Feeders Grinding EquipmentsKilns Pneumatic Conveyors Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

15 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Chemical plant Chemical Plants is an industrial process plant that manufactures chemicals, usually on a large scale. Petrochemical plants are usually located adacent to an oil refinery to minimize transportation costs for the feedstocks produced by the refinery. Specialty chemical plants are usually much smaller and not as sensitive to location Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

16 Machinery Required for Chemical Plants
Bottle Washing Machine Chemical Dryer Chemical Handling Equipment Chemical Machining Chemical Mixer Chemical Process Equipment Chemical Process Pumps Compressed Air Dryer Distillation Columns Distillation Equipment Fertilizer Plants Gas Dryers Industrial Mixers Laboratory Centrifuge MS Tanks Powder Filler Process Reaction Vessels Rotary Vacuum Dryers Screening Machinery Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

17 Main Division of chemical Plants
Reaction VesselJacketed VesselLimpet Coil VesselTop Open VesselEvaporation Pan Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

18 Types of Jacketed Vessel
Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

19 Limped Coil Reaction Vessel
Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

20 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Dairy Plants Processing: Boilers, Processing: Butter, Processing: Cheese, Processing: Ice Cream, Processing: Khoa, Processing: Packaging Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

21 Machinery required for dairy Plant
Control Panels/Switchboards/MotorsConcentration/Separation EquipmentConveyorsCream Separators Filling MachinesFlow MetersHeat ExchangersHomogenisersInsects Control SystemsPasteurizersPipesPneumatic Blowers & BoostersPressure VesselsProcess PumpsProgrammable ControllersSolenoid Pneumatic ValvesTemperature ControllersThermic Fluid HeatersMiscellaneous Equipment Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

22 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Filling Plant Circulation Storage Tanks Heat Exchanger Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Cream Separator Processing Tank Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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[F] Ferro Alloy Plant The chromite received from Sukinda is first ground and then pelletised to obtain green pellets, which are fired at around 14000C in a vertical shaft furnace to impart strength. The plant has facilities to pre-heat these pellets in a rotary kiln to around 8000C but, this unit is now not in use and has been substituted by a vertical shaft pre-heater. Pre-heating is important since every 1000C rise in feed temperature reduces the subsequent electrical energy consumption by 70 kwh per tonne of ferro-chrome (70-80% of the cost of ferro0chrome manufacture is on electrical power). Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Smelting of the pre-heated pellets along with some hard lumpy chrome one as well as briquettes made from pellet fines is carried out in a totally enclosed submerged electric arc furnace. Coke and quartzite are also charged into 25 MVA submerged are furnace which is ferrochrome. Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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[G] Gases Plants Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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28 Gases Plants mainly divided into four parts
[1] Air Separation Plants,[2] Oxygen Plants, [3] Nitrogen Plants, [4] Acetylene Plants Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

29 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Pharmaceutical Plant Machinery required for Pharmaceutical Plant • Capsule Coating Machine • Capsule Filling Machine • Capsule Inspection Machine • Capsule Polishing Machines • Capsule Polishing Pan • Capsule Printing Machine • Circulation Dryer • Colloid Mill • Container Filling Machine • Corrosion Resistant Pumps • Cream Making Plant • Dissolution Tester • Distilled Water Still • Double Rotary Tabletting Machine Ampoule Filling Machine • Ampoule Printing Machine • Ampoule Sealing Machine • Ampoule Washing Machine • Automatic Bottle Filling Machine • Automatic Bottle Washing Machines • Automatic Cap Sealing Machine • Automatic Capsule Filling Machine • Automatic Counting Machine • Automatic Tube Filling Machine • Bottle Filling Equipment • Bottle Inspection Table • Capping Machinery Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

30 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
• Drum Blender • Dry Heat Sterilizer • Dust Collector • Empty Capsule Filling Machine • Feeze Drying Machine • Fermentation House Equipment • Fertilizer Process Equipment • Filling Vessel • Fluid Bed Dryer • Freeze Drying equipment • Friability Tester • Furnace Ducts • Herbal Extraction Plant • Homogenizer • Industrial Stirrer • Injectables Section • Jacketed Titling Pan • Liquid Filling Machine • Liquid Manufacturing Plant Mass Mixer • Mechanical Sifter • Melter • Membrane Filter System • Metallic Reflaction Insulation • Micro Bag Filter • Multi Mill • Octagonal Blender • Ointment Making Machine Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

31 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
• Ointment Mixer • Oscillating Granulator • Pharmaceutical Machines • Pharmaceutical Packaging Machines • Pharmaceutical Spares Pharmaceutical Tooling • Planetary Mixer • Polishing Pan • Rapid Mixer Granulator • Ribbon Blender • Roll Compactor • Rotary Bottle Capping Machine • Rotary Bottle Washing • Rotary Bottle Washing Machines • Rotary Vial Washing Machine Semi - Automatic Capsule Filling Machine • Semi Automatic Power Filler • Shell Blender • Single Rotary Tabletting Machine Sterile Filtration Equipment • Syringe Filling Equipment • Tablet Coating Machine • Tablet Coating Pan • Tablet Counting Machine Tablet Inspection Machine Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

32 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
• Tablet Making Machines • Tablet Press Machine • Tablet Printing Equipment • Tray Dryer • Triple Roller Mill • Tube Filling • Tumble Dryer • Tunnel Dryer • Turn Table • Vertical Autoclave • Vial Capping Machine • Vial Filling Equipment • Vial Filling Machine • Vial Inspection Equipment • Vial Labeling Machine • Vial Stoppering Machine • Vial Washing Machine • Volumetric Bottle Filling • Wet Granulator Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

33 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Power Plants Thermal PlantsHydro Electricity PlantsNuclear power plant / Atomic Energy PlantsTidal Power Wind energy plants Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

34 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Alathiyur Location: Tamil Nadu Operator: Madras Cements Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Neyveli II Location: Tamil Nadu, Operator: Neyveli Lignite Corp Ltd Configuration: 3 X 210 MW Operation: , Fuel: lignite Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Rayalaseema-I Location: Andhra Pradesh Operator: Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corp Configuration: 2 X 210 MW Operation: Fuel: coal EPC: Shandong Electric Power Construction Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Simhadri Location: Andhra Pradesh Operator: National Thermal Power Corp Ltd Configuration: 2 X 500 MW Operation: 2002 Fuel: hard coal Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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Trombay Location: Maharashtra Operator: Tata Electric Configuration: 1 X 150 MW, 2 X 500 MW, 1 X 180 MW CC Operation: Fuel: coal, natural gas, oil Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

39 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Nuclear Power The dome-shaped containment building at the Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant near Raleigh, NC Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

40 Hydro Electricity Plants
Pench,Koyna,Kharghar,Khaparkeda,Bhakranagal,Vaitarna, Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

41 Tidal Power Plants And how it works
The energy potential of tidal basins is large — the largest facility, the La Rance station in France, generates 240 megawatts of power.  France is the only country that successfully uses this power source., the Earth would slow its rotation by 24 hours every 2,000 years. There are three basic ways to tap the ocean for its energy. We can use the ocean's waves, we can use the ocean's high and low tides, or we can use temperature differences in the water. Kinetic energy (movement) exists in the moving waves of the ocean. That energy can be used to power a turbine. In this simple example, to the right, the wave rises into a chamber. The rising water forces the air out of the chamber. The moving air spins a turbine which can turn a generator Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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43 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Refinery plants Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

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45 Machinery Required for Oil & Gas refinery
Gas Turbine Packages for power generation (10 to 34 MW) Mechanical Drive Gas Turbines (10 to 34 MW) Steam Turbines for Mechanical Drive Compressors (Centrifugal, Reciprocating, Oil-free Screw) Hot Gas Expanders Turbo expanders Centrifugal Pumps Compression/Pumping packages Heavy Wall Reactors Air Cooled Heat Exchangers Steam Condensers Control & Safety Valves Product Installation & Maintenance Services Revamps & Rerates Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

46 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
PROCESS UNITS LICENSOR / DESIGN CAPACITY AVU EIL, India 6.0 MMTPA Hydrocracker UOP, USA 1.7 MMTPA Hydrogen Unit HALDER TOPSOE, Denmark 38000 MTPA Diesel Hydro- desulphurisation Unit IFP, France 0.7 MMTPA Resid Fluidised Catalytic Cracking unit Stone & Webster, USA Continuous Catalytic Cracking unit 0.5 MMTPA Visbreaker unit 0.4 MMTPA Bitumen Blowing  Unit Sulphur Recovery Unit Delta Hudson, Canada 2 X 115 MTPD Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

47 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Steel Plants Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

48 Ship Building Plants & Integrated Steel Plants
Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) in Chhattisgarh Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP) in West Bengal Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) in Orissa Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) in Jharkhand IISCO Steel Plant (ISP) in West Bengal Special Steel Plants Alloy Steels Plants (ASP) in West Bengal Salem Steel Plant (SSP) in Tamil Nadu Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant (VISL) in Karnataka Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

49 A view of the Hot Rolling Division at Hisar
Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

50 Hot & Cold Rolling Mills Plants
Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

51 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Tomato Plant Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

52 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Tomato Paste Process Fresh Tomato Cold Storage for Storage of Tomato For Processing Washing Station Shorting H.P. Lifting Crushing Storage Screw Pumping Pre heating Chambers Slurry Storage Double Pumping D. E. Evaporation Prepared Paste Screw pumping Balancing T.I.T Sterilizer Aseptic Filling Finished Product Bottling & Packing Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1

53 Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1
Importance of Knowing Knowledge of Plants & Machinery in Report writing Report writing of Immovable Property Foundations of machinery can be easily workout By knowing the flow chart valuer can idea about the detailing & Dimensions of Ancillary Civil Structure Stability of Civil Structure depends on Type of Machinery involved. Detailing will be easily workout for Valuation. Detailing of fabricated structure can be easily work out Types of Plants_Anup A Mohabansi 1


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