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Querying a Database Using the Select Query Window

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1 Querying a Database Using the Select Query Window
Microsoft Access Querying a Database Using the Select Query Window

2 Objectives Creating and running queries
Using compound criteria in queries Sorting data in queries Using a saved query Joining tables in queries Performing calculations in queries Using a grouping in queries

3 Types of Queries Queries can be used to view, and analyze information in a database In addition, update queries can be used to change data Types of queries: Select queries Parameter queries Update queries Crosstab queries Saved queries can be used to generate reports

4 Creating Select Queries
Most common of all queries. Data can be retrieved from one or more tables; results are displayed in datasheet view Select a basis table for the query Click on the New Object button arrow, and select Query Select Design View and click OK Double click on basis table fields to insert them into the query Run the query

5 Select Query Datasheet View

6 Creating Parameter Queries
Parameter queries prompt a user for search criteria with its own dialog box Start with a Select Query, and save as Client Parameter Query Add bracketed text in a criteria field to prompt the user for parameter value

7 Parameter Query Datasheet View

8 Creating Update Queries
Update queries are used to make global data changes in one or more tables Start with a select query, save as Client Update Query In the Query menu, select Update Query Enter the new value in the Update To field Enter the old value to search for in the Criteria field Run the query, confirm changes

9 Review Changed Database
All occurrences of 53 in the Trainer Number field have been updated to 42 in the Client table

10 Creating Crosstab Queries
Crosstab queries are used to display aggregate data (such as count, total, average) in matrix format Start with a Select Query, save as Client Crosstab Query In the Query menu, select Crosstab Query Select Clear Grid in the Edit menu Double click the City, Trainer Number, and Amount Paid fields from the Client table Add a field named Total Paid: Amount Paid Refer to the picture for the Total and Crosstab settings Run the query, confirm aggregate data is correctly displayed

11 Crosstab Query Datasheet View

12 Using a Saved Query for Reports
A saved query can be used for generating reports Select a saved query listed in Queries Objects Click on the New Object button arrow and select Report Select Report Wizard and click OK Pick fields you wish to see on the report Can add grouping level(s) Can sort records by up to four fields Specify layout and style, and save the report Click Finish to generate report

13 Using Compound Criteria in Queries
Queries can contain compound search criteria AND clauses are specified by entering criteria on the same row across different fields OR clauses are specified by entering criteria on rows below other fields Can combine AND with OR clauses Can use wildcards to specify groups of items Specifies clients whose names start with an F AND has paid less than 20000, OR any Client Number that starts with a CE

14 Compound Criteria Datasheet View

15 Sorting Data in Queries
Any field in a query can be sorted in ascending or descending order In Design View, look for the field to sort by (i.e. Amount Paid) Click on the Sort pull-down menu, and select Ascending or Descending Run the Query, and confirm data was sorted properly

16 Data Sorted by Amount Paid

17 Joining Tables in Queries
Data needed for queries often reside on different tables. A join allows queries to retrieve relevant records from related tables Use the Trainer table as basis for a new query, and add the Client table into the query. Trainer Number joins the two tables in the query

18 Trainer and Client Tables Joined by Trainer Number

19 Performing Calculations in Queries
Create a new field to display calculations based on the values of fields in a database Within Design View Type an expression in an empty cell in the Field row Field names must be bracketed (i.e. [Amount Paid]) The following calculates the Taxes Paid by multiplying the Amount Paid by the CA sales tax rate

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