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2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence trends among pregnant women in major cities in Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand, 1990–2004.

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Presentation on theme: "2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence trends among pregnant women in major cities in Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand, 1990–2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence trends among pregnant women in major cities in Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand, 1990–2004 Phnom PenhMandalay and YangonBangkok Sources: Cambodia National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs (Phnom Penh); Myanmar Ministry of Health (Mandalay and Yangon); Thailand Ministry of Public Health (Bangkok), % HIV prevalence 2.10

2 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Trend in HIV prevalence in 21-year-old military conscripts in Thailand: Source: Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Thailand HIV prevalence (%)

3 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e General population Populations à risque EuroHIV Illustration de la possibilité de diffusion du VIH des groupes à risques vers la population générale Cette diffusion dépend des liens qui existent entre ces populations à risque et la population générale - Homosexuels masculins - Usagers de drogues - Patients atteints dune IST - Migrants - Prostituées Taille de la population à risque, liens avec la population générale ?

4 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Drivers of the epidemic: familiar pattern in countries Source: Thai Working Group on HIV/AIDS Projections, % IDU SW 26 % 90% SW Spouse 5% IDU 5% 50% Spouse SW 15% IDU 20% MTCT 15%

5 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e

6 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence (%) in adults (15–49) in Eastern Europe and Central Asia,

7 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Increase in reported HIV cases in the Russian Federation and Ukraine, 1987– Reported HIV cases in the Russian Federation Reported HIV cases in Ukraine Russian Federation Newly reported cases Cumulative (previous years) Ukraine Newly reported cases Cumulative (previous years) 2.12 Sources: Russian Federal AIDS Centre; Ukranian AIDS Centre and Ministry of Health of Ukraine

8 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Lépidémiologie du VIH en Amérique Latine

9 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence (%) in adults (15–49) in the Caribbean,

10 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence (%) in adults (15–49) in Latin America,

11 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence (%) among female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Latin America, 1999–2002 Provinces (7 cities) La Paz Santa Cruz Border cities with Argentina Santiago Bogotá Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia 0.0 % HIV prevalence Buenos Aires Quito Guayaquil Other city ports (4) Asunción and 4 other cities Lima Provinces Montevideo Border cities with Brazil Isla Margarita Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela 0.0 % HIV prevalence Female sex workersMen who have sex with men 2.14 Source: Montano SM et al., JAIDS (2005).

12 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence (%) in adults (15–49) in North America, Western and Central Europe,

13 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e

14 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e

15 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e HIV prevalence (%) in adults (15–49) in Oceania,

16 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Annual diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in Australia 1981– AIDS diagnosesHIV diagnoses Year Number of diagnoses Source: National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Data available at

17 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Number and percentage of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving antiretroviral prophylaxis, 2004– Number of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving anti-retrovirals Year % of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving anti-retrovirals Source: UNAIDS, UNICEF & WHO, 2008; data provided by countries. 4.13

18 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Percentage of young people aged 15–24 reporting the use of a condom during sexual intercourse with a non-regular partner, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2001–2005 Male Female Countries with date of survey indicated % Benin 2001 Botswana 2001 Burkina Faso 2003 Cameroon 2004 Chad 2004 Ghana 2003 Guinea 2005 Kenya 2003 Lesotho 2004 Madagascar 2003 Malawi 2004 Mali 2001 Mozambique 2003 Nigeria 2003 Rwanda 2004 Senegal 2005 United Republic of Tanzania 2003 Uganda 2004 Zambia 2003 Sources: Demographic Health Surveys; HIV/AIDS Indicator Surveys ( ). 3.6

19 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among young people, by type of question 4.4 MalesFemales (%) correct All 5 questions are correct Mosquitos do not transmit HIV A healthy looking person can have HIV Having only one faithful partner can protect against HIV Condoms can prevent HIV Sharing food does not transmit HIV Source: UNGASS Country Progress Reports QUESTION

20 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Percentage of HIV-positive pregnant women receiving antiretroviral prophylaxis, Source: UNAIDS, UNICEF & WHO, 2008; data provided by countries.

21 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e

22 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e Distribution by region of the funding required for treatment and care Latin America/Caribbean: 17% Eastern Europe: 7% North Africa/Middle East: 1% Africa: 55% South/South-East Asia: 4% East Asia/Pacific: 16% Source: UNAIDS (2005). Resource needs for an expanded response to AIDS in low- and middle-income countries. 10.6

23 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic 06/06 e www. eurohiv.org


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