International Waters Operational Strategy Program Study & OPS 3 confirm validity Simple strategy: Build capacity to work together, set priorities, agree.
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International Waters Operational Strategy Program Study & OPS 3 confirm validity Simple strategy: Build capacity to work together, set priorities, agree on action Assist with agreed incremental cost of reforms/ investments Undertake learning with IW portfolio—IW:LEARN
GEF International Waters Operational Strategy “International waters” includes the oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed seas and estuaries as well as rivers, lakes, groundwater systems, and wetlands with transboundary drainage basins or common borders GEF Strategy: Assist groups of countries to better understand the environmental concerns of their international waters and work collaboratively to address them; Build the capacity of existing institutions (or, if appropriate, developing the capacity through new institutional arrangements) to utilize a more comprehensive and integrated approach for addressing transboundary water-related environmental concerns Implementing measures that address the priority transboundary environmental concerns, utilizing full range of technical, economic, financial, regulatory, and institutional measures needed to operationalize sustainable development strategies for international waters.
Innovative Approaches to Regional Cooperation Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA) ~25 completed Strategic Action Programme (SAP) ~25 completed TDA/SAP course prepared to codify experience and best practice; now available for global delivery
1. Project development Preliminary project request Identification and consultation with the stakeholder groups 3. Development of the TDA Identification and initial prioritisation of transboundary problems Analysis of impacts/ consequences transboundary problems Production and submission of complete draft TDA TDA Preparation Causal chain analysis and governance analysis Final prioritisation of transboundary problems 4. Formulating the SAP Bridging TDA and SAP and developing long- term Eco/WR QOs Brainstorming ways to attain the Eco/WR QOs Examination of and political consultation on alternative options Development of targets and indicators Drafting the NAPs and SAP Planning the remaining steps of the SAP and appointing SAP and NAP formulation teams 2. Planning the TDA/SAP Design work plan for the TDA/SAP implementation phase including budgets Detailed stakeholder analysis and draft public involvement plan Identification of the technical task team (TTT) Preparation of a draft concept paper Project approval by the GEF CEO Appointment of Project Manager Appointment of Facilitator Form Interministry Committees Form Steering committee Set up the TDA Technical Task Team (TTT) 5. SAP implementation Adoption of the SAP: The Ministerial Conference Preparation of Full Project brief Conducting a Donors Conference Development of relevant interventions by GEF and/or other donors Agreement on the institutional framework TDA adopted by steering committee
GEF-4 Strategic Objectives for IW IW-1: Catalyze implementation of jointly agreed reforms and investments for transboundary water systems (SAP/equiv) Percentage Resources: 60-65% Outcomes: measurable pollution reduction, increased water use efficiency, sustainable fisheries, governance reforms, effective & sustainable transboundary water institutions Examples: SDS/SEA Implementation (S.P.), Benguela Current LME, Carib Sea LME, Dnipro River, Medit Sea (S.P.), Lake Ohrid, Lake Chad, Senegal River, Niger River
Moving From Enabling Activities to Implementation Number of Different Transboundary Waterbodies
UNDP; UNEP, World Bank; EU 17 basin countries 3 Regional projects $70 million Investment Fund (WB) already approved by GEF Council in 3 tranches Comparative advantages each IA; development assistance of coherence The Danube - Black Sea Basin Strategic Partnership for Nutrient Pollution Reduction
GEF-4 Strategic Objectives for IW IW-2: Expand capacity building to limited new transboundary waters through integrated approaches and undertake targeted learning Percentage Resources: 20% Outcomes: agreed Strategic Action Programs w/ reforms/investments; inter-ministry committees; increased capacity, increased portfolio-wide learning Examples: Agulhas/Somali Current LMEs, Kura River, Gulf of Mexico, Orange River, Congo River, Canary Current LME, Plata River basin, various groundwater systems, IW:LEARN
GEF-4 Strategic Objectives for IW ■ IW-3 Undertake innovative demos for key portfolio gaps conflicting water uses through IWRM incl. SIDS groundwater protection: priority on SIDS reducing Persistent Toxic Substances consistent w/POPS PPP/innovative financing Percentage Resources: 15-20% Outcomes: SIDS IWRM / WUE plans (35) & some Implementation, national IWRM integrating LD/BD/CC/Adaptation, protected water supplies, water use efficiency, reduced PTS/Hg emissions, reduced threats from aquatic invasives, innovative institutional reforms / financial modalities Examples: IWRM in Pac/Atl/Ind SIDS, National level IWRM (4-5), GloBallast Partnerships, Global Mercury AGM, Marine Electronic Highway(s), Public-Private Partnerships
Coverage Indicators and Targets for IW By 2010: 90% of SIDS protecting shared and national water resources through GEF IW projects Waterbodies with Implementation increased 50% (over GEF-3) 3 New Strategic Partnerships for implementation catalyzed or completed with measurable on-the-ground results 50% new waterbodies enabling/capacity building through integrated approaches 50% all LMEs with agreed joint management programs contributing to WSSD POI
Donor Cooperation Opportunities Co-implementation/Co-funding Cost-sharing (EU, US, UNDP, WB, etc.) Parallel funding (EU, SIDA, Norway, IDRC, AfDB, IADB, Private sector, etc.) TWM Knowledge Sharing ID & Dissemination of Lessons Learned and Best Practices IW:LEARN – IW Portfolio’s KM initiative
Donor Cooperation - Lessons Upstream dialogue Joint project/program development and preparation Agreed & defined roles & responsibilities Frequent communication @ mult. levels Transparency Face-to-face coordination meetings Joint oversight Adaptive management