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Collège de France. Chile France Paris University Pierre & Marie Curie Collège de France Sorbonne Quartier Latin Notre Dame de Paris.

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Presentation on theme: "Collège de France. Chile France Paris University Pierre & Marie Curie Collège de France Sorbonne Quartier Latin Notre Dame de Paris."— Presentation transcript:

1 Collège de France

2 Chile France

3 Paris

4

5 University Pierre & Marie Curie Collège de France Sorbonne Quartier Latin Notre Dame de Paris

6 Collège de France University Pierre et Marie Curie

7 Collège de France 1530 Maître de la librairie (National Library) Guillaume BudéFrançis I king of France to develop the new spirit of Renaissance humanism against the old Sorbonne fonded during the middle ages in 1257

8 6 royal lecturers greek (2) - hebrew (3) - mathematics (1) (no latin Sorbonne)

9 Social sciences = 26 history archeology philosophy litterature economy Physical sciences = 21 biology = 10 mathematics = 3 physics = 4 earth sciences = 2 chemistry = 2 Year professors + 1 european 1 international every year

10 Chemistry at the Collège de France Louis-Jacques Thénard Nicolas Vauquelin Jean Darcet never more than 2 chemists

11 Chemistry at the Collège de France Théophile Jules Pelouze Antoine Jérôme Balard Paul Schützenberger Henri Le Chatellier Camille Matignon Inorganic chemistry Marcelin Berthelot Emile Clément Jungfleish Charles Moureu Marcel Délépine Charles Dufraisse Alain Horeau Jean-Marie Lehn Organic Chemistry Jean Rouxel Jacques Livage

12 - lectures : science as it goes (new topic every year) - advanced research about 200 attendees from 20 to 80 years old open university anyone can attend the lectures : no registration, no degree Professors docet omnia I teach everything

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14 Jacques Livage Collège de France Advanced Materials via Chimie Douce

15 One of the main differences between men and animals is that a man is able to make tools homo habilis

16 shaping silex to make a tool polished stone cutted stone

17 Tools were made from natural materials wood, bones, stones, ….

18 years The discovery of fire was a key point for the evolution of mankind shape composition

19 The history of man follows the development of materials copperbronzestoneiron

20 Ellingham diagram G = H - T S CO 2 Cu + O 2 2 CuO 2 C + O 2 2 CO S < 0 S > 0 Cu Fe T°C G 2 Fe + O 2 2 FeO CuO + C Cu + CO CuO is reduced by Carbon above the crossing point T Fe > T Cu

21 Ellingham diagram and human civilization Materials processing improves when higher temperatures are reached copper aluminium G = H - T S iron bronze CuO FeO Al 2 O 3 CO G° CuFe Al Cu Fe Al

22 copperbronzestoneiron 25°C 600°C1100°CT°C Better materials require higher temperatures Prometheus

23 aluminium aeronautic silicon electronic copperbronzestoneiron 25°C 600°C1100°CT°C Better materials require higher temperatures

24 Materials chemistry = high temperature chemistry Solid-state chemistry = shake and bake chemistry melting potfurnace T > 1000°C

25 Formation of biomaterials by organisms living in the sea from solute species in aqueous solutions Life appeared in the sea

26 Sea plankton Nanostructured materials have been made by micro-organisms since the Cambrian era 600 millions years

27 coccolithes Calcium Carbonate CaCO 3

28 Silica - SiO 2 radiolariadiatoms

29 Amphilouche elongata Strontium Sulfate SrSO 4 Acantharias

30 bones teeth shells

31 Enst Haeckel ( )

32 Atlas des radiolaires (1862)

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34 Bio-inspired silica biogenic silica the sol-gel process : chemistry and applications hybrid organic-inorganic materials bio-encapsulation radiolaria

35 Unusual forms of vanadium oxides from molecular clusters to layered structures vanadium oxide gels and sols vanadium oxide nanotubes and foams


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