Presentation on theme: "Strategic Planning and the Marketing Process"— Presentation transcript:
1 Strategic Planning and the Marketing Process Chapter 2Strategic Planning and the Marketing Process
2 Road Map: Previewing the Concepts Explain companywide strategic planning and its four steps.Discuss how to design business portfolios and growth strategies.Explain functional planning strategies and asses marketing’s role in strategic planning.Describe the marketing process and the forces that influence it.List the marketing management functions, including the elements of a marketing plan.
3 Strategic PlanningMany companies operate without formal plans, yet these plans can provide many benefits such as:encouraging management to think ahead systematically,forcing managers to clarify objectives and policies, andhelping the company to anticipate and respond quickly to environmental changes and sudden developments.
4 Strategic PlanningStrategic Planning is the Process of Developing and Maintaining a Strategic Fit Between the Organization’s Goals and Capabilities and Its Changing Marketing Opportunities.
8 Designing the Business Portfolio The business portfolio is the collection of businesses and products that make up the company.The company must:analyze its current business portfolio or Strategic Business Units (SBU’s),decide which SBU’s should receive more, less, or no investment,develop growth strategies for adding new products or businesses to the portfolio.
9 Analyzing Current SBU’s: BCG Growth-Share Matrix (Fig. 2-2) Relative Market ShareHigh LowStarsHigh growth & shareProfit potentialMay need heavyinvestment to growQuestion MarksHigh growth, low shareBuild into Stars or phase outRequire cash to holdmarket share?Market Growth RateLow HighCash CowsLow growth, high shareEstablished, successfulSBU’sProduce cashDogsLow growth & shareLow profit potential
10 Problems With Matrix Approaches Can be Difficult, Time-Consuming, Costly to ImplementDifficult to Define SBU’s & Measure Market Share/GrowthProblems With Matrix ApproachesFocus on Current Businesses, But Not Future PlanningCan Lead to Unwise Expansion or Diversification
11 Interactive Student Assignments Form students into groups of three to five members. Each group should answer the following questions pertaining to the opening chapter material on Intel, then discuss in class:Why has Intel been so successful?What has been the company’s primary strategy?What role has innovation played in Intel’s success?Intel’s success has resulted from strong strategic planning and its relentless dedication to a simple marketing strategy: delivering superior value to customers by creating a continuous stream of leading-edge products. They also invest heavily to develop state-of-the-art products and bring them quickly to market.Intel’s marketing strategy goes far beyond innovative products and market development. It also includes innovative advertising using brand-awareness ads that create brand personality and convince PC buyers that Intel microprocessors really are superior.Intel has innovated at such a torrid pace that its microprocessors have sometimes outpaced market needs and capabilities. To help thing along, Intel has invested heavily in market development, creating new PC applications that can take full advantage of the latest Intel-powered PC’s. This strategy has brought it amazing success.
13 Product/Market Expansion Grid Based on Starbucks Market Penetration: making more sales to current customers without changing its products.How? Add new stores in current market areas, improvements in advertising, prices, etc.Market Development: identify and develop new markets for its current products.How? Review new demographic (senior consumers) or geographic (Asian, European & Australian) markets.
14 Product/Market Expansion Grid Based on Starbucks Product Development: offering modified or new products to current markets.How? Increasing food offerings, sell coffee in supermarkets, extend to Frappuccino drinks.Diversification: start up or buy businesses outside current products and markets.How? Currently testing two new restaurant concepts – Cafe Starbucks and Circadia, or branded casual clothing.
15 Planning Cross-Functional Strategies Marketing’s Role in Strategic PlanningGuidingPhilosophyInputs toStrategicPlannersDesignStrategiesCustomer Satisfaction
16 Value Delivery Network Company’s Value ChainCustomersSuppliersDistributors
18 Connecting With Customers Market Segmentation: determining distinct groups of buyers (segments) with different needs, characteristics, or behavior.Market Targeting: evaluating each segment’s attractiveness and selecting one or more segments to enter.Market Positioning: arranging for a product to occupy a clear, distinctive, and desirable place relative to competing products in the minds of target consumers. i.e. Chevy Blazer is “like a rock.”
19 Discussion QuestionWhat is the difference between a market segment and a market target?A market segment consists of consumers who respond in a similar way to a given set of marketing efforts.After a company has defined market segments, it can enter one or many segments of a given market. A target market is one or more segments that a company decides to enter. A company should target segments in which it can profitably generate the greatest customer value and sustain it over time.
26 Review of Concept Connections Explain companywide strategic planning and its four steps.Discuss how to design business portfolios and growth strategies.Explain functional planning strategies and assess marketing’s role in strategic planning.Describe the marketing process and the forces that influence it.List the marketing management functions, including the elements of a marketing plan.