 # 1 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 do/while and Nested Loops Section 5.5 & 5.11.

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1 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 do/while and Nested Loops Section 5.5 & 5.11

2 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 Nested Loops (5.11)  A loop within a loop  Can repeat multiple things within a loop  Example: o Read in 10 grades for each of 20 students o How would we write loops to do this?

3 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 What is the Output? for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) { for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++) { // how many times will this run? cout << “*”; } // how many times will this run? cout << endl; }

4 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 What is the Output? for (int i = 3; i > 0; i-- ) { for (int j = i; j < i; j++) { cout << “*”; } cout << endl; }

5 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 Practice  Write C++ statements that will read in an integer from the user (n) and produce: 1 22 333 4444.... nnnnnnnnn

6 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 do/while Loop (5.5)  So far, we have looked at o while o for o both of these are pretest loops  do/while is another repetition structure  Post-test: test happens at the end of the loop

7 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 do/while Loops do { cout << “Enter a year:” << endl; cin >> year; } while (year < 0); // TEST! // The body of the loops happens // before the test

8 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 When to use do while?  When loop must execute at least once  Perfect for data validation!  Post-tested loop do { statements; } while ( expression );

9 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 What ’ s the output? int m = 10; do { cout << m << endl; m = m - 3; } while (m > 0);

10 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 Example  Write C++ statements that will read in integers from the user until the user inputs an integer between 5 and 10.

11 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 Rewrite as a do/while loop int num = 0; // what is the output? while (num <= 6) { cout << num << endl; num += 2; }

12 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 Rewrite as a do/while Loop // what is the output? for (n = 3; n > 0; n--) { cout << n << “ squared is” << n * n << endl ; }

13 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 What is the Output? int counter = 1; do { cout << counter << " "; } while( ++counter <= 10 ); int counter = 1; do { cout << counter << " "; } while( counter++ <= 10 );

14 10/20/08CS150 Introduction to Computer Science 1 What is the Purpose? char ch; do { cout << "Enter a valid code (h,c,i): "; cin >> ch; } while ((ch != 'h') && (ch != 'c') && (ch != 'i'));

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