Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1
Expectation Maximization Method Effective Image Retrieval Based on Hidden Concept Discovery in Image Database By Sanket Korgaonkar Masters Computer Science Thesis - Machine Learning

2
Problem Statement Paper addresses the problem of content based image retrieval and concentrates on extracting hidden semantic concepts from given data. Key concepts: –Content based image retrieval –Hidden semantic concepts

3
An overview of the logic used All Images Homogeneous Regions Visual Token Catalog Segmentation SOM learning strategy Segmentation Procedure [1] SOM : Self Organizing Map[2] Features Extracted for each region: - Color - Shape - Texture Each image is segmented into homogeneous regions and similar regions are given the same token. An observation is the occurrence of a token in an image. An image is the raw data file or jpg file that is used for creating the database.

4
Graphic Representation of the Procedure Raw Image Regions Tokens Sky

5
Salient Details 1.SOM projects high dimensional feature vectors into 2D space. Groups similar features together and separates different features. 2.Each token created represents a set of visually similar regions. (In terms of their shapes, texture and color) 3.Number of tokens - to be generated - must be chosen empirically to find out which number gives the best efficiency and accuracy. 4.For each region identified, the index of the token it corresponds to is identified and stored and the original features are discarded. 5.For a new image, first the regions are extracted and then for each region, the features are replaced by the closest token that region corresponds to.

6
Salient Details (Cont.) 6. N - total number of raw images. 7. M - total number of regions. (M >> N) 8.MxN matrix is generated - where each column represents an image and each row corresponds to a token. Suppose the value (I,j) is 5 - it means that in the jth image, ith token was observed 5 times. 9.Since M >> N - this matrix will have many zeros - hence the name: uniform-sparse matrix. 10.A probabilistic model is generated using the matrix from step 9, token-image pairs are assumed iid. 11.The matrix is assumed to represent a mixture of M probability models and EM is used to estimate the parameters for this mixture density model.

7
Probabilistic Data Model 1.Each token-image pair is associated with a semantic concept variable Z. Z is assumed to have ‘K’ dimensions, each dimension, corresponds to a concept class ‘k’. 2.The authors assume independence between variables r and g given z. 3. Further mathematical calculations result in the following log likelihood formula:

8
Model Fitting with EM

9
Image Retrieval based on posterior probability

10
Graphic Representation of the Procedure Raw Image Regions Tokens Sky

11
Results and Conclusion The authors experimented with 10000 general images from the COREL database collection from 96 categories. To evaluate the image retrieval algorithm, the authors use 1500 randomly selected images from all categories in the query set. To prove the effectiveness of the algorithm, the authors have compared their performance with the algorithm proposed by Chen and Wang (Fuzzified region representation) – the authors note a higher precision in their comparisons.

12
References 1.R. Zhang and Z. M. Zhang, “ Toward more effective and efficient image retrieval”,ACM Multimedia Syst. J., vol. 11, 2006. 2.S. Kaski, K. Lagus, J. Saloja ̈ rvi, J. Honkela, V. Paatero, and A. Saarela, “Self organization of a massive document collection”, IEEE Trans. Neural Netw., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1025-1048, May 2000.

Similar presentations

© 2020 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google