Excerpts of the AAAS Fiscal Year 2009 Appropriations Summary ( www.aaas.org/spp/rd) September 2008 summary: Congress has made little progress on the federal.
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Presentation on theme: "Excerpts of the AAAS Fiscal Year 2009 Appropriations Summary ( www.aaas.org/spp/rd) September 2008 summary: Congress has made little progress on the federal."— Presentation transcript:
Excerpts of the AAAS Fiscal Year 2009 Appropriations Summary ( www.aaas.org/spp/rd) September 2008 summary: Congress has made little progress on the federal government's budget for fiscal year (FY) 2009,... To keep the government operating, lawmakers approved a continuing resolution (CR) extending funding for all programs in unsigned 2009 appropriations bills at 2008 funding levels through March 6. … In real terms, the federal investment in basic and applied research has already declined since 2004, and under the CR federal funding of research would decline again in 2009 for the fifth year in a row.
The global climate: 0.80 °C in 2008 (5th warmest, 1901-2000 mean); last 8 years exceptionally warm
Mean January through November 2008 temperature anomalies Global mean: anomalies with respect to 1901-2000 Land0.80C 5th warmest in 129 years* Ocean0.37C 10th warmest Land and Ocean0.48C 9th warmest Northern Hemisphere mean: Land0.89C 4th warmest Ocean0.40C 8th warmest Land and Ocean0.59C 8th warmest Southern Hemisphere mean: Land0.53C 6th warmest Ocean0.34C 12th warmest Land and Ocean0.37C 11th warmest * 2007 was the warmest
2008: Atlantic: 8 hurricanes, 5 major hurricanes (speeds>110mph), 3rd most costly Other oceans near or below normal
U.S. Wildland Fires number of fires acres burned 2008 77,772 5,159,907 2007 83,208 8,900,015 2006 61,964 9,589,836 2005 62,844 8,571,270 2004 64,488 8,077,514 2003 59,802 3,910,673 2002 71,981 7,137,004 2001 82,876 3,562,171 2000 91,610 7,314,822 2008: large number of fires, but fewer acres
Last winter’s significant cold ENSO persisted in central eq. Pacific Significant negative Pacific Decadal Oscillation all year (cold along west coast of North America; warmer than normal central north Pacific)
El Niño / Southern Oscillation (ENSO) November and December values of -0.22 and -0.73 °C, respectively. Eq. Pacific SST anomalies became organized in last several months, and intensified from -0.5 to -1°C during December.
PDO < -1 Standard Deviations since late 2007 Linear Inverse Model forecasts continued negative PDO through 2009
Last year: October-November-December 2007 SST anomalies
This year: October-November-December 2008 SST anomalies
DJF and JFM Averages of -0.5C (NOAA definition Of La Nina); Diminishing in the Spring