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Physics of Projectile Motion

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Presentation on theme: "Physics of Projectile Motion"— Presentation transcript:

1 Physics of Projectile Motion
Exploding fireworks follow a parabolic trajectory.

2 What’s wrong with this picture ?
Answer: It never happens ! Only when there is no gravity.

3 Why do projectiles fly in a parabola?

4 A History of Projectile Motion
Aristotle: The canon ball travels in a straight line until it lost its ‘impetus’. Galileo: - a result of Free Fall Motion along y-yaxis and Uniform Motion along x-axis.

5 Projectile Motion = Sum of 2 Independent Motions
1. Along x, the projectile travels with constant velocity. vx=vxo x = vxot Along y, the projectile travels in free-fall fashion. vy = vyo – gt y = vyot – (1/2) gt2 , g= 9.8 m/s2 Projectile motion = a combination of uniform motion along x and uniformly accelerated motion (free fall) along y.

6 What’s the similarity between a freely-falling ball and a projectile ?
uniform motion Projectile motion vertical motion x A dropped ball falls in the same time as a ball shot horizontally. Along the vertical, their motions are identical (uniformly accelerated motion (free-fall). Along the horizontal, notice the ball fired horizontally covers the Same distance in the same unit time intervals (uniform motion along x)

7 v vy vx Velocity Components at various points of the Trajectory 
vertical component vy v Net velocity vx Horizonal component Above: Vectors are added in geometric Fashion. Launch speed = Return Speed. Speed is minimum at apex of parabolic trajectory.

8 At what angle do I launch for Maximum Range ?
Need to stay in air for the longest time, and with the fastest horizontal velocity component Answer: 45°

9 Everyday Examples of Projectile Motion
Baseball being thrown Water fountains Fireworks Displays Soccer ball being kicked Ballistics Testing

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