Presentation on theme: "Competitive Advantage"— Presentation transcript:
1 Competitive Advantage Chapter 2STRATEGIC AND COMPETITIVE OPPORTUNITIESUsing IT for Competitive AdvantageCompetitive AdvantageProviding a product or service in a way that customers value more than what the competition is able to do.
2 Its not the IT, it’s the People In perspective (do not be fooled) …Its not the IT, it’s the PeopleIt is not the information technology that gives a company the competitive advantage; it is the way people use the technology that makes the difference.
3 … Main Chapter Menu… Competitive Advantage Examples FedExSchwabsDellCiscoDeveloping A Strategy For The Internet AgeThe five forces modelThe three generic strategiesThe value chainKey E-Commerce StrategiesMass customizationDisintermediationGlobal reachThe U.S. Airline IndustryI
4 Competitive Advantage Examples Federal Express 23 159 867 632 Competitive Advantage Examples Federal ExpressFedEx Package Tracking Screenfedex message
7 Competitive Advantage Examples Dell Computer Information partnership - lets two or more companies cooperate by integrating their IT systems.
8 Competitive Advantage Examples Cisco Systems Cisco Systems - a leader in utilizing the direct sell model over the Internet.Business to Business (B2B) - companies whose customers are primarily other businesses.Business to Consumer (B2C) -companies whose customers are primarily individuals.
9 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age Porter’s three frameworks are:The Five Forces modelThe Three Generic StrategiesThe Value Chain
10 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age The Five Forces Model Video: porter
11 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age Using the Five Forces Model Buyer powerGiving choices to the buyerFor example: hotel chainsGive pointsOther loyalty programsCash the points for free hotel stays at one of their resort hotelsSuch programs have the effect of increasing the likelihood that a traveler will stay at a single chain.
12 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age Using the Five Forces Model Supplier powerThe objective is to ___________ supplier power.B2B marketplace - an Internet-based service which brings together many buyers and sellers.Find a way to put more information into the buyer’s hands
13 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age Using the Five Forces Model Threat of substitute products or servicesConsider the introduction of alternative IT products such as income tax preparation software.Consumers now use it.Accountant has less clients.Accountant livelihood is threatened.
14 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age Using the Five Forces Model Threat of new entrantsEntry barrier - a product or service feature that customers have come to expect from companies in a particular industry.A good example is what banks did:Introduce the bank card and as many ATMs around the world as possible.Banking on the internet to pay bills, transfer funds and print reports.
15 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age Using the Five Forces Model Rivalry among existing competitorsUsing IT systems to be more ___________ and compete more strongly with others.An example would be PRICE.Computer systems can be bought from two different stores but one is cheaper than the other.This is possible when one company uses IT in such a way to reduce its price.
16 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age The Three Generic Strategies Figure 2.5The Three Generic Strategies page 52
17 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age The Value Chain Once you understand how IT can help you develop business strategy, you can ensure that IT supports all important business ___________ .
18 Developing A Strategy For The Internet Age The Value Chain The Components of a Value Chain
19 Manufacturing Value Chain Where has information system added value in the value chain?
20 Key E-Commerce Strategies Three capabilities made possible by the Internet are could help firms gain competitive advantage:Mass ___________ and ______________________Global reach
21 Key E-Commerce Strategies Mass Customization and Personalization ___________ - a business gives its customers the opportunity to tailor its product or service to the customer’s specifications.___________ - a Web site can know enough about your likes and dislikes that it can fashion offers that are more likely to appeal to you.___________ - a method of placing you in an affinity group of people with the same characteristics.
22 Key E-Commerce Strategies Disintermediation Disintermediation – using the Internet as a delivery vehicle, intermediate players in a distribution channel can be bypassed.Disintermediation – using the Internet as a delivery vehicle, intermediate players in a distribution channel can be bypassed.
23 Key E-Commerce Strategies Global Reach ___________ - the ability to extend a company’s reach to customers anywhere there is an Internet connection, and at a much lower cost.___________ - when you have given a merchant your permission to send you special offers.
24 The U.S. Airline Industry Airline Reservation Systems Reservations systemsFrequent flyer programsYield management systemsDisintermediating the Travel AgentShow porter video
25 Chips system from earlier What kinds of information systems could be beneficial? Why?What kinds of information products would be helpful? Why?