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Federal Aviation Administration 0 0 FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar Presentation in: Anchorage, AK Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program.

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Presentation on theme: "Federal Aviation Administration 0 0 FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar Presentation in: Anchorage, AK Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 Federal Aviation Administration 0 0 FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar Presentation in: Anchorage, AK Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program Manager Date: September 30, 2006 Federal Aviation Administration

2 Federal Aviation Administration 1 1 OVERVIEW What is FITS? Why do we need it? Who is involved? What’s Coming

3 Federal Aviation Administration 2 2 “The airport runway is the Most important mainstream In any town.” -Norm Crabtree What is FITS? FITS is a joint government-stakeholder initiative designed to reduce the total number of general aviation accidents. This means using scenario-based training to effectively integrate:  Risk Management;  Aeronautical Decision Making;  Situational Awareness; and  Single Pilot Resource Management into  EVERY flight operation!!

4 Federal Aviation Administration 3 3 FITS Mission Statement and Imperative FITS Mission Statement: Improve pilot learning to safely, competently, and efficiently operate a technically advanced piston or light jet aircraft in the modern National Airspace System (NAS). FITS Imperatives: Implement training that reduces the human error element and accelerates acquisition of higher-level judgment and decision- making skills. Bottom Line: Structured way to teach pilot to safely, competently, and efficiently operate aircraft in today’s environment.

5 Federal Aviation Administration 4 4 Why Do We Need FITS?-History  New Technologies produced initial spike in accidents Bonanza Light Twins Lear Jet Yankee Malibu Cirrus  Main Causal Factor-Pilots not being trained for the technology  Training has not changed in 60 years

6 Federal Aviation Administration 5 5 Why Do We Need FITS?-Operational Environment Changes  Airspace Changes-ADIZ, TFR, etc.  Security Changes-Hassle and delay factors  Airline Changes-Fewer and fuller flights  New cockpit and aircraft technologies- Avidyne FlightMax, Garmin G1000, Adam, Cirrus, Diamond, Eclipse, Lancair  Fractional ownership  General Aviation is no longer a monolith- Sport pilot to BBJ EQUALS GA is being used as a transportation option But-GA training has not changed in over 60 years

7 Federal Aviation Administration 6 6 Accident Causal Factors Fatal Accident Causality is driven by Pilot Related Issues Major Cause Pilot Mechanical/Maintenance Other Unknown ___________ Total Percent of Fatal Accidents 73% 10% 9% 8% ___________ 100%

8 Federal Aviation Administration 7 7 FAA Flight Plan By FY 2009, reduce the number of general aviation and nonscheduled Part 135 fatal accidents to no more than 319. By FY 2009, reduce accidents in Alaska for general aviation and all Part 135 operations from the 2000-2002 average of 130 accidents per year to no more than 99 accidents per year Target for 2005-No grater than 343 Actual Total for 2005 was 350 Target for 2006-No greater than 337 So far, on target (41 below) Alaska 2005-No greater than 130 Total for 2005 was 114 Alaska for 2006-No greater than 115 So far, on target (14 below)

9 Federal Aviation Administration 8 8 WHAT WE ARE DOING WRONG  Train to pass the test, rather than practical operations in a modernized NAS  Emphasis on training maneuvers, rather than aeronautical decision making/risk management  Insufficient emphasis on use of new flight technologies and procedures (GPS, moving maps, multifunction displays, autopilots) “After you get your certificate, you can learn that stuff”  Long product cycle times for regulations and related products (AC’s) Measured in years– versus short product cycle time for industry-Measured in months or weeks  Obsolete training curricula  Inadequate use of new training technologies (Simulation devices)

10 Federal Aviation Administration 9 9 What else is FITS?  Voluntary Acceptance vs. Approval  Incentive based  Initiated to address TAAs  Tenets apply to all training  Real partnership JSC-TAA Subgroup  It’s working Initial Data  Does not remove stick and rudder skills practice

11 Federal Aviation Administration 10 Who is Involved  COE/CGAR Embry Riddle Aeronautical University University of North Dakota  Initial Partners Recip-Cirrus Turbine-Eclipse  Other Partners Insurance Manufacturers Training Providers Training Developers Advocacy Groups Universities Pilot and Owners Associations Fractional

12 Federal Aviation Administration 11 Resources  Generic Syllabi Include Transition Recurrent Instructor Private/Instrument Avionics Specific GPS Multi-Function Displays Integrated Cockpit  Specific Syllabi Include Adam Garmin

13 Federal Aviation Administration 12 Resources  Documents Include FITS Criteria DPE Guidance Instructor Guide Inspector Guide Course Developers Guide Personal Minimums Checklist Personal WX and Risk Assessment Guide Levels of FITS  Research/Studies MTSU Results Effectiveness of FITS Training Safety Study PTS Maneuvers SBT to teach SRM

14 Federal Aviation Administration 13 Future Changes  Scenario Based Generic Syllabi Private Instrument Commercial CFI  Scenario Based PTS  Inspector Training  Examiner Guidance  Examiner Training

15 Federal Aviation Administration 14 Test-RM or ADM error? Or good SRM?

16 Federal Aviation Administration 15 INTRODUCTIONS  Professor Michele Summers Principal Investigator of FITS Assistant Professor in the Aeronautical Science Dept at ERAU ATP, CFI, CFII, MEI, Advanced Ground Instructor, FE over 5000 total flight hours experience in flight instruction, cargo, commuter, corporate, and airline operations

17 Federal Aviation Administration 16 QUESTIONS?

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