Presentation on theme: "SAPPO pig production course Biosecurity Why is it important ? Why is it important ? What are we afraid of ? What are we afraid of ? What can we do about."— Presentation transcript:
SAPPO pig production course Biosecurity Why is it important ? Why is it important ? What are we afraid of ? What are we afraid of ? What can we do about it ? What can we do about it ? What will it cost ? What will it cost ? Where can we get help ? Where can we get help ?
Biosecurity Why is it important? South Africa is an active part of the global village with its rapid communications and increasing volumes of imports and exports; Genetic improvement goes with imported semen and live pigs, both of which can carry diseases; Emerging and small herds are not protected from getting infections and passing them on; Every part of pig production is concerned – breeding, housing, feeding, health and marketing.
Biosecurity The threats: Destructive diseases eg African swine fever, hog cholera, blue ear disease, foot and mouth, exotic viruses; Common economic diseases eg E coli enteritis, respiratory conditions, mange, reproductive failure, worms; Stock theft
Biosecurity Destructive diseases ASF: total lossFMD: vesicles
Biosecurity Economic diseases Parvovirus mummies Ascaris worms in intestine
Biosecurity Where do destructive diseases come from ? Sources: 1.Bought-in pigs from auctions, speculators; 2.People: neighbours, family, friends, reps. officials, vets; 3.Swill, especially if it includes animal tissues; 4.Vehicles from millers, butchers, dealers; 5.Containers, especially second-hand feed sacks; 6.Birds, dogs, rodents; 7.Water, dust, wind
Biosecurity What can we do? Rules to keep infections out of your herd: 1.Fence the property in a way that keeps your pigs in and other pigs, dogs and people out; secure the gate with chain and padlock; 2.Put notices on fences and gates; be strict; 3.Keep pigs in pens or small camps away from the fence; 2 nd hand materials are OK The message is clear
Biosecurity Rules continued: 4.Comfortable, usable pens dont have to be expensive; 5.Simple, non- wasting food or water holder helps costs and hygiene
Biosecurity Rules continued; feeding:- 6.G ive pigs the best quality feed you can afford; 7.NEVER feed any food of animal origin; 8.NEVER feed anything from a harbour or airport; 9.Cook all raw putrescible material for 30 minutes 10.Use nutritious dry food such as old bakery items, dated dog, horse or other cubes; 11.Bulky, energy-rich vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, butternut ) Balanced rations are best Boiling raw swill is a must
Biosecurity Rules continued, water:- 12.All pigs need water, lactating sows need large amounts – up to 30 litres per day with a big litter; 13.Water quality is important – it can act as a transmitter of infections Water supplies can be a big problem A clever water system
Biosecurity Rules continued, pigs and veterinary help: 14.Separate new pigs from the herd for four weeks while they are tested and treated; 15.Ask for veterinary advice regarding routine treatments and preventive measures for quarantine pigs, and the herd in general; 16.Make regular use of vaccines, share the costs with other owners ; 17.Always consult the area State Veterinary Dept to find out about prevailing regulations re movement, marketing, disease control measures – they are there to protect you; 18.Help is available from the Dept of Agriculture, the Vet Dept, SAPPO and pharmaceutical companies
Biosecurity Good luck with a successful and minimal disease project!! Any questions?