Presentation on theme: "SAPPO pig production course"— Presentation transcript:
1 SAPPO pig production course BiosecurityWhy is it important ?What are we afraid of ?What can we do about it ?What will it cost ?Where can we get help ?
2 Biosecurity Why is it important? South Africa is an active part of the global village with its rapid communications and increasing volumes of imports and exports;Genetic improvement goes with imported semen and live pigs, both of which can carry diseases;Emerging and small herds are not protected from getting infections and passing them on;Every part of pig production is concerned – breeding, housing, feeding, health and marketing.
3 Biosecurity The threats: Destructive diseases eg African swine fever, hog cholera, blue ear disease, foot and mouth, exotic viruses;Common economic diseases eg E coli enteritis, respiratory conditions, mange, reproductive failure, worms;Stock theft
4 BiosecurityDestructive diseasesASF: total lossFMD: vesicles
5 Biosecurity Economic diseases Parvovirus mummies Ascaris worms in intestine
6 Biosecurity Where do destructive diseases come from ? Sources: 1. Bought-in pigs from auctions, speculators;2. People: neighbours, family, friends, reps. officials, vets;3. Swill, especially if it includes animal tissues;4. Vehicles from millers, butchers, dealers;5. Containers, especially second-hand feed sacks;6. Birds, dogs, rodents;7. Water, dust, wind
7 Biosecurity What can we do? Rules to keep infections out of your herd: 1. Fence the property in a way that keeps your pigs in and other pigs, dogs and people out; secure the gate with chain and padlock;2. Put notices on fences and gates; be strict;3. Keep pigs in pens or small camps away from the fence;2nd hand materials are OKThe message is clear
8 Biosecurity Rules continued: 4. Comfortable, usable pens don’t have to be expensive;5. Simple, non- wasting food or water holder helps costs and hygiene
9 Biosecurity Rules continued; feeding:- 6. Give pigs the best quality feed you can afford;7. NEVER feed any food of animal origin;8. NEVER feed anything from a harbour or airport;9. Cook all raw putrescible material for 30 minutes10. Use nutritious dry food such as old bakery items, dated dog, horse or other cubes;11. Bulky, energy-rich vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, butternut )Boiling raw “swill” is a mustBalanced rations are best
10 Biosecurity Rules continued, water:- 12. All pigs need water, lactating sows need large amounts – up to 30 litres per day with a big litter;13. Water quality is important – it can act as a transmitter of infectionsA clever water systemWater supplies can be a big problem
11 Biosecurity Rules continued, pigs and veterinary help: 14. Separate new pigs from the herd for four weeks while they are tested and treated;15. Ask for veterinary advice regarding routine treatments and preventive measures for quarantine pigs, and the herd in general;16. Make regular use of vaccines, share the costs with other owners ;17. Always consult the area State Veterinary Dept to find out about prevailing regulations re movement, marketing, disease control measures – they are there to protect you;18. Help is available from the Dept of Agriculture, the Vet Dept, SAPPO and pharmaceutical companies
12 Biosecurity Good luck with a successful and minimal disease project!! Any questions?