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Right Triangle Trigonometry Digital Lesson

Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 2 The six trigonometric functions of a right triangle, with an acute angle , are defined by ratios of two sides of the triangle. The sides of the right triangle are:  the side opposite the acute angle ,  the side adjacent to the acute angle ,  and the hypotenuse of the right triangle. The trigonometric functions are sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant. opp adj hyp θ Trigonometric Functions sin  = cos  = tan  = csc  = sec  = cot  = opp hyp adj hyp adj opp adj

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6 60 ○ Consider an equilateral triangle with each side of length 2. The perpendicular bisector of the base bisects the opposite angle. The three sides are equal, so the angles are equal; each is 60 . Geometry of the 30-60-90 triangle 22 2 11 30 ○ Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the altitude,. Geometry of the 30-60-90 Triangle

8 Calculate the trigonometric functions for a 60  angle. 1 2 60 ○ Example: Trig Functions for  60  csc 60  = = = opp hyp sec 60  = = = 2 adj hyp cos 60  = = hyp adj tan 60  = = = adj opp cot 60  = = = opp adj sin 60  = =

Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 9 Trigonometric Identities are trigonometric equations that hold for all values of the variables. Example: sin  = cos(90    ), for 0 <  < 90  Note that  and 90    are complementary angles. Side a is opposite θ and also adjacent to 90 ○ – θ. a hyp b θ 90 ○ – θ sin  = and cos (90    ) =. So, sin  = cos (90    ). Example: Using Trigonometric Identities

Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 10 Fundamental Trigonometric Identities for 0 <  < 90 . Cofunction Identities sin  = cos(90    ) cos  = sin(90    ) tan  = cot(90    ) cot  = tan(90    ) sec  = csc(90    ) csc  = sec(90    ) Reciprocal Identities sin  = 1/csc  cos  = 1/sec  tan  = 1/cot  cot  = 1/tan  sec  = 1/cos  csc  = 1/sin  Quotient Identities tan  = sin  /cos  cot  = cos  /sin  Pythagorean Identities sin 2  + cos 2  = 1 tan 2  + 1 = sec 2  cot 2  + 1 = csc 2  Fundamental Trigonometric Identities for