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_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications1.

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Presentation on theme: "_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications1."— Presentation transcript:

1 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications1  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications Chapter 11 : Consumer-Oriented E-Commerce

2 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications2  Wiley and the book authors, 2001  Introduction  Traditional Retailing and E-retailing  Benefits of E-retailing  Key Success Factors  Models of E-retailing  Features of E-retailing  Developing a Consumer-oriented E-commerce System  The PASS model Outline

3 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications3  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 Selling of Different Types of “Goods”

4 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications4  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 Traditional retailing:  involves selling to a final customer through a physical outlet  involves a fairly extensive chain from a manufacturer to wholesaler to the retailer Examples of physical outlets:  malls  generalized stores  specialized stores  franchise stores Traditional Retailing Vs. e-retailing

5 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications5  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 E-retailing:  The Internet has allowed a new kind of specialization to emerge.  Example: -- allows last minute purchases of travel, gift and entertainment  New kind of specialization:  not in a product line but in a class of purchasers and a class of sellers. Traditional Retailing Vs. e-retailing

6 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications6  Wiley and the book authors, 2001  Specialized stores -> specialized e-stores  Generalized stores -> Generalized e-stores  Malls -> E-malls  Franchise stores -> ?  New form of business : e-broker Mapping Traditional Retailing -> e-retailing

7 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications7  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 To the Customer  convenience  better information  competitive pricing  customization  shopping anywhere, anytime Benefits of e-retailing

8 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications8  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 To the Business  global reach  better customer service  low capital cost  mass customization  targeted marketing  more value added services  new forms of specialized stores and niche marketing Benefits of e-retailing

9 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications9  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 There are several models for e-retailing and these include:  Specialized e-store  Generalized e-store  E-mall  Direct selling by the manufacturer  Supplementary distribution channel  E-broker  E-services Models of e-retailing

10 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications10  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 Common features of e-retailing web sites include:  method for selecting your purchases, e.g shopping cart  mechanism for creating and submitting an order  secure e-payment facility  appropriate distribution mechanism  browsing facility, normally by subject or by category  searching facility  mechanism for customer service and feedback Basic Features of e-retailing systems

11 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications11  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 Two major trends :  Technologies that help you see and experience the product better  e.g. virtual reality, Java 3D etc.  Technologies that help you not to see at all but use an intelligent agent (or mobile agent) that does all the shopping tasks for you. Future of e-retailing

12 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications12  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 Three-Stage Modeling of Software Engineering Process Real World Conceptual model Software Structure Model Code Model Analysis Design Implementation

13 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications13  Wiley and the book authors, 2001  In the case of an existing "old economy" business  need a fusion of the "old economy" business with the new business leading to a metamorphosis of the business model.  A new business model "An Emergent Business Model" or "E-business model"  Start up without any previous business operations  create "An emergent business model" or "E-business model" The Emergent Business Model as the Basis of E- commerce System Development

14 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications14  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 Emergent Business Model for E-Commerce Business Development Old economy business model Emergent (or E-Business model) e-commerce processes

15 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications15  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 The steps in the analysis, design and development of an e- commerce system: 1.Develop description of existing business model 2.Develop e-business model 3.Develop Requirements Statement 4.Choice of System Architecture and Implementation Platform(s) 5.Carry out design to develop Software Structure Model 6.Develop detailed design 7.Programming and customizing the System 8.Testing and piloting the e-commerce system Steps in developing e-commerce system

16 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E-Commerce: Fundamentals and Applications16  Wiley and the book authors, 2001 PASS Publicity Advertisements Sale/services Subscriptions

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