2It’s more than just cowboys and rodeos … Wyoming’s bighorn basinIt’s more than just cowboys and rodeos …
3The Bighorn Basin of Wyoming contains extensively documented fossil deposits dating 542 million years ago (Cambrian Period) to the present.
4World famous localities with: - Dinosaur and marine reptile bones- Dinosaur eggshells- Dinosaur tracks and trackways- Primitive mammal fossilsLocated on private land as well as state and federal land.
6“The Bighorn Basin is one of the few places in the world where the fossil record, as shown in the rocks, is uninterrupted from the demise of dinosaurs through the early diversification of mammals”Source: USDI Draft Environmental Impact StatementGrass Creek Resource Area Resource Management Plan September 1994
7Primitive Mammals Natural Trap Cave in the Bighorns 20,000 to 25,000 years ago a variety of large mammals died and plummeted 85 feet into what is now called Natural Trap Cave. "It's a world-class paleontological Pleistocene deposit.""Essentially it has the entire record of the Pleistocene up until 10,000, 12,000 years ago."Source: Billings Gazette, October, 2005Saber-toothed lionDire Wolf
8“The Bighorn Canyon rock shelters study area contains evidence of continuous occupation by humans for over 11,000 years”Source: Personal conversation with Dr. George FrisonProfessor emeritus of anthropology, University of Wyoming
9Where are these Bighorn Basin Fossils? Each year, major fossil discoveries are collected and removed from this part of the Bighorn Basin!Where are theseBighorn Basin Fossils?
10Where are They? . . . Montana’s Museum of the Rockies The famous allosaur “Big Al”, subject of the BBC / Discover video entitled “Allosaur” . . .. . . Montana’s Museum of the Rockies
11Where are They?The 1934 Howe Dinosaur Quarry collection of over 4,000 dinosaur bones collected by the famous paleontologist Barnum BrownAmerican Museum of Natural History, New York City
12Where are They? . . . Saurier Dinosaur Museum in Switzerland The Howe-Stephens Dinosaur collection, featuring “Big Al Two”, the most complete allosaur ever discovered, and six other major dinosaur discoveries . . .. . . Saurier Dinosaur Museum in Switzerland
14Where are They? . . . Smithsonian Institution Ancient Marine Reptile FossilsSmithsonian InstitutionIchthyosaur collected 1006 by the Smithsonian team near ShellPlesiosaur pelvis in jacket – collected by Dr. Robin O’Keefe, New York
15Why are they leaving our area? Suitable facilities and resources for preparation, storage and display of dinosaur fossils areNOT AVAILABLE!
16Our Fossil Heritage is Relatively Unknown to the Average Citizen! Professional scientists, including world famous anthropologists, geologists, and paleontologists have conducted research and collection activities in the Bighorn Basin for over 75 years . . .
17Dr. Neil Clark Kirby Siber Dr. Michael Brett-Surman Professional Geoscientists Currently Active Here (partial list)Dr. Erik KvaleDr. Neil Clark Kirby Siber Dr. Michael Brett-SurmanDr. Matt Carrano Steve Jabo Pete Kroehler Dr. Robin O’Keefe Dr. Jack BeuthinDr. Paul Sereno Dr. James Farlow Dr Nick Fraser Dr. Brian Dade
18These continuing research and educational activities are only loosely coordinated among entities. ThereforeThe rich natural resources of the area remains relatively unknown to the people of Wyoming and to the world.
20W E N E E D ! GeoScience Center /Museum - Display Bighorn Basin natural history- Educational resource for visitors & residents- Support Center for visiting geoscientists
21Bighorn Basin GeoScience Center The Bighorn Basin Geoscience Center is a new non-profit, tax-exempt 501(c)(3) corporation dedicated to geological, paleontological, and archeological research and education and to the conservation of the natural resources of the northern Bighorn Basin of Wyoming.
22Bighorn Basin GeoScience Center Current Board of DirectorsCliff Manuel, ChairmanPresident, GeoScience Adventures, Inc., ShellJohn Coyne, Vice ChairmanPresident, Big Horn Federal Savings and Loan,GreybullScott McCollough, Secretary & TreasurerAttorney at Law, Greybull
23Primary Goals1.) Establish a permanent facility in the Shell Valley of Wyoming that serves as a museum and interpretive center for Bighorn Basin natural resources, and features the major fossil discoveries from this part of Wyoming.
24Primary Goals2.) Provide a repository for type specimens, especially unique scientifically valuable fossils from the northern part of the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming.
25Primary Goals3.) Educate and inspire the public with an understanding and appreciation for the significant scientific and historical values of fossil specimens.
26Feature Major Discoveries From our Area! Museum ConceptFeature Major Discoveries From our Area!- The major Howe Dinosaur Quarry fossils- Allosaur “Big Al Two”- Camarasaurus “E.T.”- Diplodocus full mount & crest impressions- Apatosaurus Baby “Toni”- Stegosaurus “Lilly”- Skull Casts
28Other Major Fossil Discoveries From the Area! Museum ConceptOther Major Fossil Discoveries From the Area!- The Red Canyon Ranch Stegosaurus “Sarah”- Rare Middle-Jurassic age Dinosaur Tracks- Jurassic Marine Reptiles – Ichthyosaur and Plesiosaur
29Red Canyon Ranch Stegosaurus “Sarah” One of the most complete Stegosaurus ever found!
31Marine Reptile Fossils Ichthyosaur collected by the Smithsonian TeamPlesiosaur pelvis in jacket
32Other Major Displays - detailed in the book “Bones for Barnum Brown” Geology of the Bighorn Basin- depicting our rich geological history1934 Howe Dinosaur Quarry history- detailed in the book “Bones for Barnum Brown”
33Over 500 Million Years of Geologic History on Display in our Area
35The Age of Dinosaurs – Beginning to End! The Beginning of the Mesozoic Era(near the mouth of Shell Canyon)Largest mass extinction event ever, triggering the “Age of Dinosaurs”The End of the Mesozoic Era(near the Greybull airport)Mass extinction event ending the “Age of Dinosaurs”The K/T Boundary
36The Barker Howe/ Barnum Brown/ Howe Quarry history
38Other Major Displays Displays from other institutions/entities - Smithsonian Institution- Virginia Museum of Natural History in Martinsville- Bureau of Land Management (BLM)- Iowa State University- Dartmouth CollegeOther Bighorn Basin history- The “Bentonite Story”, Oil & Gas Industry- Humans in the Bighorn Basin, Guest Ranching
39Guest Ranching (1930’s image) Bentonite IndustryOil and Gas Industry2006 was the 100th anniversary of the discovery of oil in the Bighorn BasinSinclair Oil financed the original Howe Quarry Expedition near Shell. This expedition inspired the famous Sinclair “green dinosaur” logo.Guest Ranching (1930’s image)
43Public Awareness Campaign July, 2006 Kirby Siber exhibited several of his Howe Quarry dinosaur mounts at Dinorama-2006 in Shell, including “Big Al Two”, the most complete Allosaurus specimen ever collected.
45Public Awareness Campaign July, 2006 This effectively demonstrated the need for a the Bighorn Basin GeoScience Center so that we can conserve and display our natural resources in an appropriate local setting.
46 Thanks to our Dinorama Sponsors ! - Display Housing & Support– Dirty Annie’s Country Store- Dino Specimen Shipping & Setup– The Hideout– Saurier Museum– Black Hills Institute- Promotion, Advertising, Logistics– GeoScience Adventures- Logistical /Financial Assistance- Big Horn Rural Electric Co.- Tri State- TCT West
48Planned Activities Preplanning and Site Selection Construction Program - Establish a Strategic Planning Team- Pursue grants for Preplanning & Design of Museum andExhibits.- Solicit donation of real property for museum site.- Prepare specifications for Museum and ExhibitsConstruction Program- Pursue funding for construction of Museum and Exhibits.
52Annual Attendance Projection A first-class museum and interpretive center situated on U.S. Highway 14 near Shell, Wyoming, will draw an estimated 40,000 to 50,000 visitors annually, based on estimates of tourist traffic and local visitations.Other regional institutions annual attendance estimates:Shell Falls Visitor Center ,000 (est)Buffalo Bill Historical Center ,000 *Wyoming Dinosaur Center ,000 *Devils Tower ,000 ** Source – Official Museum Directory 2005
53Annual Income Projection An estimated 350, ,000 people travel over the Bighorn Mountain through Shell on highway 14 during the summer monthsIf just 15 % of those visitors stop at the museum, annual attendance could approach 50,000 visitors with annual income estimated at $250,000 to $300,000
54Government and Local Support: W H A T DO W E N E E D ?Government and Local Support:Recognition of the area’s need for the museumPromotion of Wyoming’s natural resourcesFinancial Assistance
55Cooperating Entities (Potential) W H A T DO W E N E E D ?Cooperating Entities (Potential)Saurier Museum Aathal, Zurich, SwitzerlandHowe Quarry Property OwnersRed Canyon Ranch Property OwnersFlitner RanchState of Wyoming & Neighboring StatesUSDI - Bureau of Land Management (BLM)Iowa State UniversitySmithsonian Institution – National Museum of Natural HistoryVirginia Museum of Natural History, MartinsvilleDraper Museum of Natural History, CodyNational Park ServiceLocal Businesses and Institutions
56Advisory Group (proposed) W H A T DO W E N E E D ?Advisory Group (proposed)Erik Kvale Ph.D Senior Scientist, Devon Energy CorpChris Dimock Businessman, CodyDavid Flitner Flitner Ranch, ShellMeredith Scott MD Landowner, ShellRick Magstadt Vice President Manufacturing, Wyo-Ben, Inc.Dan Close M-I SWACOJohn Ed Anderson Red Canyon Ranch, ShellH. J. (Kirby) Siber Director, Saurier Museum Aathal, Zurich, SwitzerlandJames Farlow Ph.D Professor of Geology, Indiana-Purdue University, Fort WayneNicholas Fraser Ph.D Curator, Virginia Museum of Natural History at MartinsvilleM. Brett-Surman Ph.D Museum Specialist, Smithsonian InstitutionBrian Dade Ph.D. Professor of Geology, Dartmouth CollegeAngela Botzer Production Editor, International Editions, National Geographic
57What are our neighboring states doing? Montana advertises the Montana Dinosaur Trail . . .. . . Museums or Interpretive Centers in thirteen localities in Montana.
58Fort Peck Museum – Montana Featuring “Peck’s Rex”
59Phillips County Museum – Montana Featuring “Leonardo” – (mummified dinosaur)
60What are our neighboring states doing? Utah and Colorado both advertise the Dinosaur Diamond . .. . . A “Road Map” to museums and dinosaur localities in Utah and Colorado.
64What are our neighboring states doing? The Black Hills of South Dakota advertises the Black Hills Museum Alliance with eleven museums in the area bordering eastern Wyoming . . .. . . South Dakota Museum of Geology and Paleontology featuring local rocks and fossils. . . Black Hills Museum of Natural History featuring the T-rex “Stan”
65. . . The Mammoth Site – a National Natural Landmark featuring in-situ display of fossil mammoth bones
66What is Wyoming doing?Unlike our neighboring states, “Wyoming’s Official State Travel Website” contains only general information about dinosaur sites.
67Wyoming Visitor Center – Evanston, Wyoming 2006 Brochure for Wyoming Dinosaur CenterWyoming Visitor Center – Evanston, Wyoming 2006(one dinosaur related brochure)
68Our neighboring states are promoting their natural resources . . . . . . W E C A N A L S O !
69Bighorn Basin / Big Horn Mountains There Really is a Pot of Gold here
70CONTACT: Cliff Manuel, Chairman Bighorn Basin GeoScience Center 1802 Highway 14 EShell, Wyoming 82441Phone: ( or (866)Internet:January, 2007