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Premier Congres de Physique Nord-Sud LA RECHEERCHE & LENSEIGNEMENT DE LA PHYSIQUE 9-13 /04-2007 Universite Mohamed 1er- Oujda, Maroc RELATION RECHERCHE-

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Presentation on theme: "Premier Congres de Physique Nord-Sud LA RECHEERCHE & LENSEIGNEMENT DE LA PHYSIQUE 9-13 /04-2007 Universite Mohamed 1er- Oujda, Maroc RELATION RECHERCHE-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Premier Congres de Physique Nord-Sud LA RECHEERCHE & LENSEIGNEMENT DE LA PHYSIQUE 9-13 /04-2007 Universite Mohamed 1er- Oujda, Maroc RELATION RECHERCHE- ENSEIGNEMENT: CAS DE LAFRIQUE DU SUD

2 PLAN 1-Letat de la Physique en RSA Avant 1993 1993-2004 Apres 2004 2-Nanosciences en RSA Nano, effet de taille & Transition de phase Nano & localization dAnderson Nano-plasmoniques & transition de Mott Nano-hybrides & Auto-Assemblage Moleculaire

3 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: CAS DEXCELLENCE:NOBELS A. M. Cormack-1979 Univ. Cape Town, Medicine Development of computer assisted tomography A. Klug-1982 Univ. Cape Town, Chemistry Electron microscopy & DNA strands S. Meiring Naudé, 1929 Ryerson Phys. Lab. & CSIR-Pretoria An Isotope of Nitrogen, Mass 15 Phys. Rev. 34, 1498 - 1499 (1929) M. M. Michaelis-1991 Physics Dept., Univ. of Natal, Durban A gas-lens telescope Nature 353, 547 – 548, iThemba LABS. M. Michaelis-1992 National Research Foundation of South Africa Mass production & First exporter of radio- isotopes in the Southern hemisphere

4 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: CAS DEXCELLENCE: NEUTRINO NATUREL

5 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: INVESTISSEMENT R&D GDP: >1.05% GDP Defense Independence Energetique R&D pour 2M de citoyens < 0.76% GDP Periode transitoire Capacity Building R&D pour 45 M de citoyens 19912001

6 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: LETAT DE LA PHYSIQUE: 1999 Paradox: RSA est un des 13 membres fondateurs de lIUPAP en 1922 Major causes & rationale: Larger representative learners flow Less R&D in industry & research councils PhysicsChemistryMathsCompSciBiologyGeology Bachelors85-1004007501100-160055070 Honours40-70200280300-500400100 Masters30-40100608022035 Doctorate10-2540-70305075-10010-15

7 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: LETAT DE LA PHYSIQUE: 2000 Dept. Art & Culture D.A.C. Dept. of Science & Technology D.S.T. Dr. B. NGUBANE: Scientist by training Dr. R. ADAM: Nuclear scientist by training Currently Dr. M. MANGENA, Education by training Dr. Ph. MJWARA, Lasers by training Dept. of Art, Culture, Science & Technology D.A.C.S.T.

8 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: LETAT DE LA PHYSIQUE: 2001-2 SOUTH AFRICA NATIONAL R&D STRATEGY Government We have to exert maximum effort to train the necessary numbers of our people in all fields required for the development, running and management of modern economies. This again must be a national effort in we should consider the necessary expenditures not as cost but as an investment in our future President Thabo MBEKI International S&T Advisory Board: Mme. A. LAUVERGEON, Areva In the final analysis, it is basically mastery and utilization of modern science and technology that distinguishes the South from the North Professori Abdus SALAM, ICTP

9 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: LETAT DE LA PHYSIQUE: 2004 SHAPING THE FUTURE OF PHYSICS IN SOUTH AFRICA INTERNATIONAL PANEL: -M. Hellberg, SA -M. Ducloy, France - A.W. Wolfendale, UK -S.J. Gates, USA -G. Tessema, USA -K. Evans-Lutterod, USA -F. Gledhill, SA -K, Bharuth Ram, SA Right now, Physics in South Africa is ill. Although South Africa has considerable strengths in Physics, there are also numerous warning signs that all is not well. Physics in South Africa is now under threat. Page 2-Final report/ April 2004 RECOMMENDATIONS & IMPLEMENTATION

10 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: LETAT DE LA PHYSIQUE: 2005 ANNEE DE LA PHYSIQUE + A.G. IUPAP

11 STRATEGY TO BOOST SCIENCES NATIONAL INITIATIVES -SANi: South African Nanotechnology Initiative -AMTS: Advanced Materials Technology Strategy -SANAP: South African National Antarctic Programme -CoEs: Centres of Excellence -SARCHs: South African Research Chairs Initiative RES. COUNCILS/INDUSTRY INVOLVEMENT -CSIR: Council for Scientific & Industrial Research -MINTEK: Minerals Technologies -ESKOM: Energy Supplier SA -NECSA: Nuclear Energy Corporation of South Africa PUBLIC S&T AWARENESS -SAASTA: South African Agency for Science & Technology Advancements INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION -BROAD : Bilateral, SADC, Africa & Multilateral, ICSU -FOCUS: IBSA Forum -EU: ESASTAP -AFRICA : ALC, AIMS, IAS in Theoretical Physics LARGE FACILITIES/FLAGSHIPS -PBMR: Pebble Bed Modular Reactor -NLC: National Laser Centre (PetaW laser source) -SALT: Southern African Large Telescope -HESS: High Energy Stereoscopic System Telescope -SKA: Square Kilometer Array

12 SA ENERGY CONSUMPTION: -Koeberg, 6% SA electricity supply -Coal main energy supply: 90% SA PBMR: Pebble Bed Modular Reactor -Gas cooled reactor -Eskom model 110MW in Koeberg -2013: 8 modules (Materials, Nuclear, Thermodynamics, Modeling, Engineering,…) PBMR capacity building ~440 000 fuel spheres UO 2 /SiC/Graphite Multidisciplinary: >600 PhD offered/enrolled fellowships GRANDS EQUIPEMENTS: PBMR

13 NLC: National Laser Centre -Provides a critical core of laser technology knowledge and expertise through R&D and implementation of laser based technologies and applications. NLC focus -Laser Matter interaction -Laser Physics and Technology -Laser Spectroscopy -Biophotonics (Materials, Optics, Plasma, Modeling, Engineering) NLC capacity building ~ 150 NLC-NRF fellowships User Facility & in house capacity building Rental Pool Program & Tertiary Education Flagship project: Femtosec for PettaW source (Schwoerer et al. Nature 439, 445, 2006). GRANDS EQUIPEMENTS: NLC

14 SALT: Southern Africa Large Telescope (Sutherland-Karoo) -National Research Foundation,SA -Polish Academy of Sciences -Hobby-Eberly Telescope Board -Rutgers, State Univ. of New Jersey -Georg August Univ. Göttingen -Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison -Dartmouth University -Univ. of North Carolina -Carnegie Mellon University -Consortium of New Zealand univs. -Consortium of UK univs. and institutions NAASP: National Astronomy & Astrophysics Program NLC capacity building: Intensive Fellowship Program ~50 MSc- PhD bursaries GRANDS EQUIPEMENTS: SALT

15 HESS High Energy Stereoscopic System telescope HESS World's largest and most sensitive -ray telescope in the world (Namibia) -Namibia, -South Africa, -Germany, -France, -Italy, -Armenia, -Ireland, -Czech Republic -United Kingdom HESS outputs PRL.97, 221102, 2006 Science 314, 14-1427, 2006 Nature 440, 1018-1021, 2006 GRANDS EQUIPEMENTS: HESS

16 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD AUSTRALIA and SOUTH AFRICA are the shortlist for the Square Kilometer Array, a next-generation radio telescope to be completed around 2016. International Partnership

17 2007-2008 ~300 M$ 2007-2008 21 st -02-2007 450 M$ + 1.1B$ Hiring additional teachers + 1.0M$ Teacher bursaries + 70.7 M$ SKA if positive bid 2009-2010 565 M$ South Africa Government Gazette 2006 Nhlanhla Nyide, DST Spokesperson-2006 PHYSIQUE EN AFRIQUE du SUD: INVESTISSEMENT R&D

18 LAMNETWOK: (P. Chavel, A. Suzor Weiner, …) ~Established ALC: African Laser Centre (P. Chavel, CNRS/A. DAlbis, CNRS) ~5 MR ~10 Fellowship 2007 NANOAFNET (A. Suzor-Weiner, Paris XI, Y. Petroff- CNRS) 19 fellowships NORD-SUD: QUELQUES SUCCES POUR LA PHYSIQUE AFRICAINE NANO SCIENCES AF RICAN -NET WORK


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