Solving 2 Step Equations

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Solving 2 Step Equations
When you do something to one side of an equation,

Solving 2 Step Equations
you have to do exactly the same thing to the other side.

Solving 2 Step Equations
In the equation, x is the number you add to 7 to get 15.

Solving 2 Step Equations
What is the number? 8: because = 15. So we would write the solution x = 8

Solving 2 Step Equations
In some equations, the solution is obvious.

Solving 2 Step Equations
But in other equations, the solution is not so obvious. We must show our work, always.

Solving 2 Step Equations
Many times we need a way to solve equations. Especially if there is more than one step to solve.

Solving 2 Step Equations
1) Undo the addition or subtraction operation first, by using inverse operations. 2) Undo the multiplication or division operation second, by using inverse operations.

Solving 2 Step Equations
To solve any equation, you want to isolate the variable ( get the variable by itself ). You isolate the variable by using inverse operations. Inverse Operations are like Opposites.

Equations with more than one step must be solved with ordered steps.
Solving 2 Step Equations Equations with more than one step must be solved with ordered steps. 3x + 4 = 16 STEP 1: Undo Addition or Subtraction

Solving 2 Step Equations
Undo Addition or Subtraction first 3x + 4 = 16 3x = 12 3 3 x = 4

Solving 2 Step Equations
1) GOAL: Isolate the variable on one side of the equation. 2) You always perform the same operation to both sides of an equation. 3) To undo an operation you perform its opposite operation to both sides of the equation. 4) It is easier if you undo addition or subtraction before you undo multiplication or division.

Solving 2 Step Equations
2x + 4 = 10 Get the variable alone. Subtract 4 from both sides. 2x = 6 __ __ +4 and -4 cancel out Divide both sides by 2 x = 3 2 divided by 2 cancel to 1 2(3) +4 = 10 Show your check. 6 + 4 = 10 10 = 10 Finish your check.

Solving 2 Step Equations
3m - 10 = 17 Get the variable alone. Add 10 to both sides. 3m = 27 __ __ +10 and -10 cancel out Divide both sides by 3 m = 9 3 divided by 3 cancel to 1 3(9) – 10 = 17 Show your check. 27 – 10 = 17 Finish your check. 17 = 17

Solving 2 Step Equations
x 3 – 4 = 8 Get the variable alone. Add 4 to both sides. x 3 = 12 + 4 and -4 cancel out. x 3 Multiply both sides by 3. 3 ( ) = 3 12 3 divided by 3 cancel to 1 x = 36 Show your check. 36 3 – 4 = 8 Finish your check. 12 – 4 = 8 8 = 8

Solving 2 Step Equations
x 2 + 6 = 14 Get the variable alone. Subtract 6 from both sides. x 2 = 8 + 6 and -6 cancel out. x 2 Multiply both sides by 2. 2 ( ) = 2 8 2 divided by 2 cancel to 1 x = 16 16 2 Show your check. + 6 = 14 8 + 6 = 14 Finish your check. 14 = 14

Solving 2 Step Equations
What Operation Do You Do? FIRST SECOND 1) 3x + 8 = 24 Divide by 3 Subtract 8 2) 5x - 10 = 19 Divide by 5 Add 10 3) x = 20 2 Add 4 Multiply by 2 4) - 30 = -5x + 5 Divide by -5 Subtract 5

Solving 2 Step Equations

Solving 2 Step Equations

Solving 2-Step Equations
1) Undo the addition or subtraction operation first, by using inverse operations. 2) Undo the multiplication or division second, by using inverse operations.

2 Step Equation Example 3m - 10 = 17 Get the variable alone. Add 10 to both sides. __ __ 3m = 27 +10 and -10 cancel out Divide both sides by 3 m = 9 3 divided by 3 cancel to 1 3(9) – 10 =17 Show your check. 27 – 10 =17 Finish your check. 17 =17

= 8 ( ) = 8 2 2 x = 16 2 Step Equation Example Get the variable alone.
+ 6 = 14 Get the variable alone. Subtract 6 from both sides. x 2 = 8 + 6 and - 6 cancel out. x 2 Multiply both sides by 2. ( ) = 2 2 2 divided by 2 cancels out x = 16 16 2 Show your check. + 6 = 14 8 + 6 = 14 Finish your check. 14 = 14

An Equation is like a balance scale
An Equation is like a balance scale. Everything must be equal on both sides. = 20 2x +5

What you do to one side of an equation, you must do to the other side to keep it balanced!
= 20 2x +5 -5 -5

What you do to one side of an equation, you must do to the other side to keep it balanced!
= 15 2x __ 2 __ 2

What you do to one side of an equation, you must do to the other side to keep it balanced!
= 7.5 x

Try to solve this subtraction equation
How do you get n all by itself? = 18 n - 3 +3 +3

Try to solve this subtraction equation
How do you get n all by itself? = 21 n

= 18 21 n - 3

Try to solve this division equation
How do you get x all by itself? x 3 = •3 •3 15

Try to solve this division equation
How do you get x all by itself? x = 45

SHOW YOUR CHECK! 45 x 3 = 15