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Nursing as a Discipline and a Profession Week 2
Nursing as a Discipline Discipline- –A unique perspective or way of viewing something –It is a body of knowledge, practice, and system of rules –It defines the boundaries in which we practice “Nursing is an evolving discipline”
Disciplines Professional and Academic –Academic disciplines focus on research and education –Professional disciplines add component of clinical practice
Nursing as a Discipline Nursing falls under professional disciplines Nursing is an Art – It is the creative use of knowledge in service to others Nursing is a Science – It is a body of knowledge based on scientific research and analysis
Nursing as a Profession Profession –Body of knowledge that describes phenomena –Members add to the body of knowledge and remain current –Members are educated in institutions of higher education –Application of knowledge in practical service to society; older members shape the skills of new members –Autonomous formation of professional policy and in monitoring of its practice and practitioners
Autonomy The quality or state of being self- governing; especially: the right of self- government Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence
Profession (continued) Guided by a code of ethics that regulates relationships between professional and client Common culture, norms and values between members Clear standard of educational preparation for entry into practice Members value service above personal gain Compensation for members –Joel & Kelly (2002)
Does Nursing qualify as a Profession? Multiple levels of entry into Nursing Only discipline that does not require at least a baccalaureate degree to be licensed Practice of Nursing is not viewed as a career by some nurses Nurses have the lowest educational requirements among professional health care providers
Levels of Entry Into Nursing Diploma –Nursing education took place in hospital based training schools, diploma was awarded at completion of program ADN –Began in 1952 in response to nursing shortage –Developed within community colleges –Focuses on preparing bedside nurses
Levels of Entry Into Nursing BSN –Began in 1909 at University of Minnesota –Provides broader education in sciences and liberal arts than other two programs –Prepares graduate for greater variety of roles Community Nursing Leadership roles –American Nurses Association (ANA) supports BSN as entry level into nursing
Standards of Clinical Practice Describes the responsibilities for which nurses are accountable Established and implemented by our professional organization – ANA –Reflect the values and priorities of the nrsing profession –Provide direction for professional nursing practice –Provide a framework for the evaluation of nursing practice
Standards of Clinical Practice –Define the profession’s accountability to the public and the client outcomes for which nurses are responsible (ANA. 1998) Generic in nature Provide for the practice of nursing regardless of area of specialty
Standards of Professional Practice Describe the competence level of professionals Used to help “measure” competence in: –Licensure –Certification –Accreditation
ANA Standards of Professional Practice Include: –Quality of care –Performance appraisal –Education –Collegiality –Ethics –Collaboration –Research –Resource utilization
Licensure NCLEX – RN Required of all nursing students who wish to practice as a registered nurse –Being a “registered” nurse indicates to the public that you have the minimal competencies to provide safe nursing care Minimum standard
Certification Voluntary process Agency or an association grants recognition to a person who has met specified qualifications Signifies competency in a specialty area Advanced practice
Accreditation “Granting of approval to an institution of learning by an official review board after the school has met specific requirements.” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Copyright© 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Professional Socialization Gaining an identity in nursing Internalizing the values and norms of the profession Becoming equipped with a process for continued learning Gaining a process for accommodation to changing ideas and knowledge
Socialization of the Student Role development or socialization involves exposure to new ideas about nursing, health, wellness, illness, and caring for clients and challenging of old ideas -Fact VS Myth – “old wives tales”
Socialization of the Student (cont.) A lifelong process shaped by; –Curriculum –Faculty –Nursing program attended Process of gaining knowledge, skills, and behaviors Involves a change in attitudes and values
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