2 Booker T. WashingtonEquality through vocational training He accepted social separation African Americans could advance faster through hard work Rather than by demanding rights
3 W.E. B. Du Bois Believed in full: Political, civil and social rights for African AmericansSpeak out! againstdiscriminationBecome college educated“Talented Tenth”Founder of the NAACPNational Association for the Advancement of Colored People
4 Booker T. Washington Economic Equality Civil Rights leader and President of Tuskegee Institute Believed: Economic independence was the only way to achieve social and political equality Forget social equality instead learn a skill, become self-sufficient, buy a home Then equality will come work within the limitations of “separate but equal” The International Exposition in Atlanta, 1895-gave his famous speech…Up from slaveryFirst african american invited to the white house
5 Atlanta Compromise Speech Focus on learning skillsGain economic strengthHave to earn respect and the right to demand equalityWork your way up in societyBlacks and whites need to work together to achieve racial equality
6 W.E.B. DuBois Social Equality NAACP Fought for civil rightsDemanded equality (14th amend)Knowledge and truth not enoughNeed ACTIONEducation for 10 percent “talented tenth” of African American populationNiagara MovementDid not agree with Booker T. Washington
7 DuBois thought Washington was making social, political and economic decisions that affected all blacksHe disagreed with the idea that blacks who became economically successful and waited long enough would see race relations improveW.E.B. DuBois
8 Who said this- Washington or DuBois? “If one just works hard, he can achieve many things”“We must speak out against unfair treatment in this society”WashingtonDuBois
10 How would you feel if you were not allowed to go to the same school as other children in your community?
11 Compare and Contrast Washington and DuBois Use pages: 270-271 Booker T. WashingtonW. E. B. DuBoisHow they were alike
12 John Hope Lugenia Burns Hope “social reformer” Civic leader Neighborhood Union:Gave neighborhood vocational classes for childrenHealth centerClubs for boys and girlsProvided financial aidFriend of DuboisFought for social equalityCivil leaderLeading educatorFirst black president of Morehouse CollegeNAACPYMCA
13 Successful Business Owner Alonzo Herndon ( )A former slave, who owned several barber shops he was an entrepreneur, founder and president of the Atlanta Life Insurance Company, (one of the most successful black-owned insurance businesses in the nation).At the time of his death in 1927, he was also Atlanta's wealthiest black citizen.EntrepreneurSuccessful Business Owner
14 Quick Quiz1. Which African American leader believed that a “Talented Tenth” of the African American population could serve as leaders for all other African Americans? A. Frederick Douglass B. W.E.B. DuBois C. John Hope D. Booker T. Washington
15 EntrepreneurA person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so.They take a risk to make a profit.
16 Quick Quiz2. What organization was founded by Lugenia Burns Hope? A. NAACP B. Girl Scouts C. Neighborhood Union D. Y.W.C.A.
17 Quick Quiz3. What business made Alonzo Herndon a successful businessman?A. Coca-colaB. Atlanta Mutual Insurance CompanyC. Georgia PacificD. Western and Atlantic Railroad
18 Quick Quiz4. What racial issue did Booker T. Washington support? A. economic equality B. political equality C. religious equality D. social equality
19 BonusWhat racial issue, opposed by Booker T. Washington, did W.E.B.DuBois support? A. economic equality B. political equality C. religious equality D. social equality
20 Acoustic Poem Booker T. Washington W.E.B. DuBois John Hope Your task:Create an acoustic poem with one of the following African American leaders, using their full nameYour poem MUST include information from your notes or the textbookBooker T. WashingtonW.E.B. DuBoisJohn HopeLugenia Burns HopeAlonzo Herndon