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African American Leaders

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Presentation on theme: "African American Leaders"— Presentation transcript:

1 African American Leaders

2 Booker T. Washington Equality through vocational training He accepted social separation African Americans could advance faster through hard work Rather than by demanding rights

3 W.E. B. Du Bois Believed in full: Political, civil and social
rights for African Americans Speak out! against discrimination Become college educated “Talented Tenth” Founder of the NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

4 Booker T. Washington Economic Equality
Civil Rights leader and President of Tuskegee Institute Believed: Economic independence was the only way to achieve social and political equality Forget social equality instead learn a skill, become self-sufficient, buy a home Then equality will come work within the limitations of “separate but equal” The International Exposition in Atlanta, 1895-gave his famous speech… Up from slavery First african american invited to the white house

5 Atlanta Compromise Speech
Focus on learning skills Gain economic strength Have to earn respect and the right to demand equality Work your way up in society Blacks and whites need to work together to achieve racial equality

6 W.E.B. DuBois Social Equality NAACP
Fought for civil rights Demanded equality (14th amend) Knowledge and truth not enough Need ACTION Education for 10 percent “talented tenth” of African American population Niagara Movement Did not agree with Booker T. Washington

7 DuBois thought Washington was making social, political and economic decisions that affected all blacks He disagreed with the idea that blacks who became economically successful and waited long enough would see race relations improve W.E.B. DuBois

8 Who said this- Washington or DuBois?
“If one just works hard, he can achieve many things” “We must speak out against unfair treatment in this society” Washington DuBois


10 How would you feel if you were not allowed to go to the same school as other children in your community?

11 Compare and Contrast Washington and DuBois Use pages: 270-271
Booker T. Washington W. E. B. DuBois How they were alike

12 John Hope Lugenia Burns Hope “social reformer” Civic leader
Neighborhood Union: Gave neighborhood vocational classes for children Health center Clubs for boys and girls Provided financial aid Friend of Dubois Fought for social equality Civil leader Leading educator First black president of Morehouse College NAACP YMCA

13 Successful Business Owner
Alonzo Herndon ( ) A former slave, who owned several barber shops he was an entrepreneur, founder and president of the Atlanta Life Insurance Company, (one of the most successful black-owned insurance businesses in the nation). At the time of his death in 1927, he was also Atlanta's wealthiest black citizen. Entrepreneur Successful Business Owner

14 Quick Quiz 1. Which African American leader believed that a “Talented Tenth” of the African American population could serve as leaders for all other African Americans? A. Frederick Douglass B. W.E.B. DuBois C. John Hope D. Booker T. Washington

15 Entrepreneur A person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so. They take a risk to make a profit.

16 Quick Quiz 2. What organization was founded by Lugenia Burns Hope? A. NAACP B. Girl Scouts C. Neighborhood Union D. Y.W.C.A.

17 Quick Quiz 3. What business made Alonzo Herndon a successful businessman? A. Coca-cola B. Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company C. Georgia Pacific D. Western and Atlantic Railroad

18 Quick Quiz 4. What racial issue did Booker T. Washington support? A. economic equality B. political equality C. religious equality D. social equality

19 Bonus What racial issue, opposed by Booker T. Washington, did W.E.B.DuBois support? A. economic equality B. political equality C. religious equality D. social equality

20 Acoustic Poem Booker T. Washington W.E.B. DuBois John Hope
Your task: Create an acoustic poem with one of the following African American leaders, using their full name Your poem MUST include information from your notes or the textbook Booker T. Washington W.E.B. DuBois John Hope Lugenia Burns Hope Alonzo Herndon

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