3 WinterIn winter the weather gets colder, days get shorter and snow covers the ground. People live in warm houses and wear warm clothes outside. People get food from the grocery store. But what happens to the animals? How do they keep warm? Where do they get food?
8 MigrateMany birds migrate or move to warmer places for the winter months. They can’t get to the food they eat because the ponds are frozen or what they are used to eating is not available to them in the winter. They travel to warmer places so they can find food. Geese migrate south during the winter. Traveling for long distances can be dangerous. Geese travel in groups in the shape of a “V” to stay safe. Ducks, bluebirds and cranes migrate, too. But, not all birds migrate. Cardinals, or redbirds, stay and adapt to their environment.
9 MigrateMonarch butterflies migrate to Mexico in the south to escape the cold. They begin their trip in August. They stop to feed on flowers on the way. They usually reach Mexico in late November or December. Other insects that migrate are beetles and moths.
10 MigrateSome mammals migrate during the winter months. Caribou, or reindeer, travel to find food. They use up the food supplies or lose them to winter weather. They have to move to find more food. They move north in the spring and south in the fall. Buffalo, big-horned sheep, moose, and oxen are some other animals that migrate in the winter to find food.
11 Hibernate-to hide and sleep during the winter months to avoid the cold weather.
12 HibernateBlack bears hibernate or hide and sleep during the winter months. They eat more than usual in the fall and gain a lot of weight. Their body temperature lowers and their heart beat and breathing slow down. They curl up in dens or caves and avoid the cold winter by sleeping. Ground squirrels and groundhogs also hibernate during winter.
13 HibernateSome frogs hibernate during the winter months, too. In order to escape the cold, they dig holes in the mud or find cracks in logs or rocks. Like bears, their body temperature lowers and their heart rate and breathing slow. Snakes and turtles are winter hibernators, too.
14 HibernateSome bats live in colder climates and hibernate during the winter. They curl up in groups on the ceiling of caves to avoid the cold. They also lower their body temperature and slow their heart rate and breathing so they are able to sleep through the long winter.
15 Adapt-to adjust or change to suit the cold, snowy surroundings during the winter months.
17 AdaptSome animals do not sleep the entire winter, but they do sleep quite a bit, especially during the coldest part. They are called nappers and snackers. They survive the winter by sleeping and eating. They adapt or adjust to their surroundings by gathering food and building winter homes. Chipmunks are nappers and snackers. They burrow tunnels deep in the ground where they store the nuts and seeds they have gathered for the winter. They build a bed of grass and leaves under the ground. Then, they curl up and sleep most of the winter. They wake up from time to time to eat and venture out of their homes on the warmer days.
18 AdaptTree squirrels also nap the winter away. These squirrels adapt to the cold weather by gathering bunches of nuts to store away. They build nests of leaves high up in trees and sleep during winter. On warm winter days the squirrel wakes to look for nuts he buried to eat during the winter. Badgers, beavers, muskrats, moles, raccoons, skunks and opossums are nappers, too.
19 AdaptSome animals adapt or adjust to the cold by growing a thicker coat. Deer get ready for the cold temperatures by eating more and storing fat in the summer and fall and by shedding a reddish summer coat for a much warmer, thicker winter coat. Deer usually feed during the day when is it warmer and are less active in bad weather so they can save their energy. Other animals that adapt in this way are wolves and the red fox.
20 AdaptSome animals adapt or change to suit the cold winter surroundings by using camouflage - changing their color to match the surroundings. The fur of snowshoe rabbits gets thicker and turns white like the surrounding snow. Blending in with the snow helps the rabbit stay safe. The white color “hides” the rabbit and makes it more difficult for predators - larger animals- to find him.
21 AdaptThe artic fox also adapts to the winter environment by changing colors during the winter months. However, camouflaging helps this animal in a different way. Arctic foxes are predators – animals that hunt and feed on smaller animals. Blending in with the snow makes it difficult for prey – smaller animals - to see the Arctic fox. His white color allows him to hide in the snow and sneak up on his dinner. Arctic foxes are particularly well adapted to the cold Arctic habitat that they live in because they have small bodies that conserve body heat and thick, dense winter fur. They live in dens dug into the side of a hill, cliff or riverbank.
22 AdaptThe snowy owl is another predator that adapts to the winter environment by blending in with the snow. They live and stay in the cold Artic region during the winter unless their food sources are scarce. The feet of snowy owls are covered with feathers and have extra thick pads. Having well insulated feet is important in the region where they live because it is so cold. And, there are not many trees so the owls often have to nest and live on the ground. Polar bears, seals and penguins also live in coldclimates and adapt to the winterweather.
23 All animals have a way to survive the winter. Surviving Winter
24 Three ways animals survive during the winter… HibernateMigrateAdapt
25 The three ways animals survive during the winter… Migrate - to move to a warmer place.Hibernate – to hide and sleep during the winter.Adapt – to adjust or change to better suit the surroundings.
26 That’s what animals do during the winter ! MigrateHibernateAdapt