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Adolescence and Development

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Presentation on theme: "Adolescence and Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Adolescence and Development

2 Learning Goal Objective
Define Sexuality and understand the changes associated with puberty to both males and females. Outline the parts of the male and female reproductive systems and explain the function of each. What do you know? What do you want to know?

3 Your Sexuality Sexuality refers to everything about you as a male or a female. The way you act Your personality Your feelings about being male or female

4 Development During adolescence, you go through many changes…
Activity: Take out a piece of paper and fold it into 3 columns. Write “Mental, Emotional and Social” across the top of the three columns. Under each heading, write how you have changed since childhood in each category.

5 Development Cognitive – Changes relating to the ability to reason and think out abstract solutions. Adjusting to a new sense of self Expanding verbal skills to express complex concepts Establishing emotional independence from parents Form more mature relationships with peers Intellectual – Includes the ability to think abstractly, logically and at a higher level. Use reason to evaluate information Understand cause and effect Ability to remember more

6 Development Physical – Males and females will go through puberty, or the period of growth when a person begins to develop certain traits of adults of his or her own gender. Puberty is controlled by hormones, or chemical substances that regulate the activities of body cells and organs. Hormones are controlled by the Endocrine system, or the body system made up of ductless glands that secrete hormones into the blood. The endocrine system is controlled by the pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain.

7 Puberty Males – The pituitary gland controls the amount of testosterone produced by the testes. Females – The pituitary gland controls the amount of estrogen and progesterone produced by the ovaries. Both these control when and how puberty and male/female development of the reproductive system happens. So let’s take a closer look at the mature reproductive systems of males and females.

8 The Female Reproductive System

9 Activity: Get into groups of 4 and list all parts of the female reproductive system you can…

10 Activity: Match your card’s part with your part’s function…
When you find your partner, tape your cards to the board!

11 What are the functions of the female reproductive system?
1. Produce an egg. 2. Provide space for the egg and sperm to join…fertilization. 3. Provide the fetus with shelter and nourishment while developing. 4. Produce breast milk for baby after birth for nourishment.

12 Egg (Ovum) The female reproductive cell produced once a month (alternating) by either the left or right ovary.

13 Ovaries

14 Inner and Outer Labia Large and small folds of skin surrounding the vagina designed to enclose and protect external reproductive organs.

15 Urethra No part in the reproductive process. It’s only function is to excrete urine.

16 Vagina

17 Cervix Located at the base of the uterus and bulges down into the vagina The location where sperm enter the uterus

18 Uterus Hollow, Flexible, Muscular organ about the size of a fist
Provides a safe space for the baby to grow Expands many times it’s normal size to accommodate the baby’s growth

19 Fallopian Tubes Site where fertilization takes place
Tubes that connect ovaries to the uterus Egg travels down during ovulation

20 Perineum The area between the vagina and the anus prone to tearing during childbirth

21 Fimbria

22 Uterine Lining Builds up once a month in preparation for a possible pregnancy If pregnancy occurs, the fertilized egg will come to rest in the rich lining If pregnancy does not occur, the lining and egg are shed during menstruation

23 Overview: The Female Reproductive System

24 Menstrual Period Occurs approximately every 28 days
Time when menstrual fluids (blood and cells from uterine lining) leave the body Lasts approximately 3 to 7 days Average age it begins is 12 to 15 years Day by Day The Menstrual cycle / Ovulation Let’s watch a recap of the Menstrual Cycle…

25 Learning Goal Objective
Define Sexuality and understand the changes associated with puberty to both males and females. Outline the parts of the male and female reproductive systems and explain the function of each. What have you learned? How is this relevant to you?

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