2 Objectives for the dayIntroduce prepositions and have students identify the grammatical element.Use annotation from previous day to analyze text.
3 Warm up Take attendance and badge check. Make sure you are in the correct seat.“Rules Check”
4 PrepositionsDefinition: A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word.Object of a Preposition: Noun/pronoun that a preposition relates another word to.Example: The Saint Bernard slept beside my bed.Which word is the preposition and which is the object?
5 Prepositions cont. Example: The Saint Bernard slept beside my bed. Preposition: besideObject: bedCompound Preposition: Preposition that consists of two or more words (in place of).Prepositions can look like adverbs but the best way to tell is a preposition relates a noun/pronoun to another word.
6 Prepositions cont.As a rule, the object of the preposition follows the prep. (not 100% of the time).Prepositional Phrase: A preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object together.Ex: The Saint Bernard slept beside my big bed.Identify the prepositional phrase, preposition, object, and the modifier of the object.A trick to find the object: Ask “who” or “what” after the preposition.
7 Preposition cont. Ex: The Saint Bernard slept beside my big bed. Prepositional phrase -> beside my big bed.Preposition -> besideObject -> bedModifier -> my and big
8 Check for Understanding 1. Prepositions are not used alone in a sentence. Instead, they are the first word of a__________________ _______________ (a group of words that begins with a preposition and is followed by a noun or pronoun- person, place, thing, or idea).* To find a prep phrase:1. Find a preposition.2. Ask “Who?” or “What?” after it.ex. down the street ex. before the gameex. out of time ex. with himex. near the tall, gently swaying, green grass
9 Check for Understanding 2. The noun or pronoun at the end of this phrase is called the _________________ of the _____________________.3. If you see a preposition alone, it is functioning as an _________________.* There will be no answer to “Who?” or “What?”ex. We play behind the school.ex. Leave your worries behind.ex. My shoe had holes underneath in three places.
10 Check for Understanding 4. Don’t confuse a prepositional phrase with an __________________ _________________( the word “to” followed by a verb).ex. I am going to the store.ex. I am going to buy groceries.ex. I like to shop.
11 Check for Understanding 5. Don’t confuse a prepositional phrase with a__________________ __________________(a group of words with a subject and a verb).ex. Before school, I eat breakfast.ex. Before I went to school, I ate breakfast.***Remember that the Subordinate Clause will have a ___________ and __________ and the Prep Phrase will only have a _______________.
12 Check for Understanding 6. A prep phrase(s) at the beginning of a sentence should generally be followed by a comma UNLESS the next word is a __________.ex. Next to the barn, the cows graze.ex. Next to the barn is a field.
13 Preposition Worksheet Get into your groups of two and work on the preposition worksheet. I will check them in 20 min.Remember to mark the preposition and prepositional phrase.If not completed, the incomplete work will be due for homework.
14 Independent Practice“Thank you, Ma’am” written work. Make sure your answers are in complete sentences.1. Why do you think Mrs. Jones handles the situation the way she does in the story? What is she trying to accomplish? How do you think this experience is likely to affect Roger?2. Why do you think Mrs. Jones makes a point of getting Roger to wash his face? Why does she give him food? Why does she tell him about her past? Why does she avoid asking him about his family or background?3. Why do you think Roger decides he “[does] not want to be mistrusted”?4. What does Mrs. Jones mean when she says that “shoes got by devilish ways will burn your feet”?5. Why do you think Roger can’t say “thank you” to Mrs. Jones as he is leaving?6. What themes does the story express? What does it suggest about some people who commit some crimes?
15 Independent Practice cont. Honors: Remember, a paragraph is six to eight complete sentences.Compose a paragraph with the given prompt:Try to put yourself “in the shoes” of someone like Roger—someone who does something bad but is not really a bad person. Why does this person do whatever bad thing he or she does? Write a short story about this character, and try to make the character sympathetic to the reader—in other words, create a character that the reader can understand and like despite his or her behavior. Imagine what this character would think and feel, and describe him or her in detail. Come up with a different character and situation from those described in “Thank You, Ma’am.”
16 ClosingCompose a paragraph (6-8 sentences) that describes your journey from class to the cafeteria. Try to complete this task without using any prepositions.