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The following endings: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent are for forming the present tense. What pattern can you see? 1. The endings (-e, -es, -e, and -ent)

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Presentation on theme: "The following endings: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent are for forming the present tense. What pattern can you see? 1. The endings (-e, -es, -e, and -ent)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The following endings: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent are for forming the present tense. What pattern can you see? 1. The endings (-e, -es, -e, and -ent) are all silent. 2. The only endings that are pronounced are the nous (-ons) and the vous (-ez) endings. The four silent endings form a boot shape in the verb conjugation. If you draw the pattern with one continuous line, it looks like a boot. Je parle Nous parlons Tu parles Vous parlez Il/elle/on parle Ils/elles parlent Stem-changing verbs are also known as boot verbs, because the irregular stems occur in all the singular forms as well as the third person plural.

2 1. Verbs in –cer Je placeNous plaçons ** Tu placesVous placez Il/elle/on placeIls/elles placent placer = to place *Note: in the present tense ONLY the NOUS form requires an accent cédille (ç). This accent softens the pronunciation of the C. CER

3 2. Verbs in –ger Je mangeNous mangeons Tu mangesVous mangez Il/elle/on mangeIls/elles mangent manger = to eat *Note: in the present tense ONLY the NOUS form requires an additional e. This letter softens the pronunciation of the G. GER

4 3a. Verbs in –oyer Je nettoieNous nettoyons Tu nettoiesVous nettoyez Il/elle/on nettoieIls/elles nettoient nettoyer = to clean *Note: in the present tense requires stem change y to i in all forms but nous and vous. YER

5 3b. Verbs in –ayer and –uyer *** Je paieNous payons Tu paies Vous payez Il/elle/on paie Ils/elles paient payer* = to pay *Note: -ayer and –uyer verbs have an optional stem change in which y changes to an i in all forms but nous and vous. ennuyer* = to annoy / bore JennuieNous ennuyons Tu ennuies Vous ennuyez Il/elle/on ennuie Ils/elles ennuient YER

6 4. Verbs in –eter Je jetteNous jetons Tu jettesVous jetez Il/elle/on jetteIls/elles jettent jeter = to throw *Note: present tense: t becomes tt in all forms but nous and vous. tt

7 5. Verbs in –eler JappelleNous appelons Tu appellesVous appelez Il/elle/on appelleIls/elles appellent appeler = to call *Note: present tense: l becomes ll in all forms but nous and vous. LL

8 Je lèveNous levons Tu lèvesVous levez Il/elle/on lèveIls/elles lèvent lever = to lift / to raise *Note: present tense: e in the penultimate syllable changes to è in all forms but nous and vous. 6. Verbs with e in the penultimate syllable (except for the -eler and -eter verbs) mute e

9 Je considèreNous considérons Tu considèresVous considérez Il/elle/on considèreIls/elles considèrent considérer = to consider *Note: present tense: é in the penultimate syllable changes to è in all forms but nous and vous. 6. Verbs with é in the penultimate syllable Albert verb: é to è


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