Presentation on theme: "Objectives Describe how women won the right to vote."— Presentation transcript:
1 Objectives Describe how women won the right to vote. Identify the new opportunities that women gained during the Progressive Era.Explain how the temperance movement gained strength during the early 1900s.
2 Terms and PeopleCarrie Chapman Catt – leader of the women’s movement who devised a strategy to win suffragesuffragist – people who worked for women’s right to voteAlice Paul – suffragist who worked for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote
3 Terms and People (continued) Frances Willard – president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Unionprohibition – a ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol
4 How did women gain new rights? At the turn of the century, women gained new rights by laboring in fields and factories, working as reformers, and petitioning the government for equality.
5 Women continued to struggle for equality in the professional world. By 1900, there were:Slowly, more and more women gained the advanced degrees needed to enter a profession.1,000 women lawyers7,000 women doctors5
6 Women made important contributions as reformers, tackling many difficult issues of the day. Raised money for libraries, schools, and parksDemanded pure food and drugsPressed for laws protecting women and childrenBoycotted goods produced by childrenInvestigated conditions in sweatshopsWorked to end segregation and violence against African Americans
7 Many women took a leading role in the temperance movement, favoring prohibition.
8 Frances Willard, the president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, called for states to ban the sale of alcohol.Carrie Nation took more violent actions, storming into saloons and smashing liquor bottles.
9 The amendment was ratified by the states in 1919. In 1917, Congress passed the Eighteenth Amendment, enforcing prohibition.EighteenthAmendmentThe amendment was ratified by the states in 1919.
10 By far, however, the most important goal of women reformers was women’s suffrage. The Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 marked the start of an organized women’s movement, which continued after the Civil War.Founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1869Pushed for a constitutional amendment giving women the right to voteNational WomanSuffrage Association
11 In the West, where women worked alongside men, women won the right to vote before 1900. As more and more women began to work outside the home, support for women’s suffrage grew across the nation.11
12 Most politicians, however, opposed women’s suffrage. Though some women could vote in state and local elections, many still could not vote in federal elections.Calls continued for an amendment allowing women in all the states to vote in all elections.Most politicians, however, opposed women’s suffrage.12
13 She and her supporters devised a plan to win suffrage state by state. In the early 1900s, a new generation of suffragists such as Carrie Chapman Catt took up the campaign to win the vote.She and her supporters devised a plan to win suffrage state by state.13
14 One by one, states in the West and Midwest gave women the right to vote.
15 The suffragist Alice Paul took her protests to the White House. President Wilson eventually pledged his support.15
16 The amendment was ratified by the states in 1920. Finally, in 1919, Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote.NineteenthAmendmentThe amendment was ratified by the states in 1920.16
17 The Nineteenth Amendment doubled the number of eligible voters. Some people saw women’s suffrage as the final victory, while others saw it as one step on the road to full equality.
18 Section ReviewQuickTake QuizKnow It, Show It Quiz18