Presentation on theme: "Personality Traits Enduring tendencies to feel, think, and act in certain ways that can be used to describe the personality of every individual Managers’"— Presentation transcript:
1 Personality TraitsEnduring tendencies to feel, think, and act in certain ways that can be used to describe the personality of every individualManagers’ personalities influence their behavior and approach to managing people and resources
3 Other Personality Traits Internal locus of controlTendency to locate responsibility for one’s fate within oneselfOwn actions and behaviors are major and decisive determinants of job outcomes
4 Other Personality Traits External locus of controlTendency to locate responsibility for one’s own fate in outside forces and to believe that one’s own behavior has little impact on outcomes
5 Other Personality Traits Self-EsteemThe degree to which people feel good about themselves and their capabilitiesHigh self-esteem causes a person to feel competent, and capable.Persons with low self-esteem have poor opinions of themselves and their abilities.
6 Other Personality Traits Need for AchievementThe extent to which an individual has a strong desire to perform challenging tasks well and meet personal standards for excellence
7 Other Personality Traits Need for AffiliationThe extent to which an individual is concerned about establishing and maintaining good interpersonal relations, being liked, and having other people get alongNeed for PowerThe extent to which an individual desires to control or influence others
8 Values, Attitudes, and Moods and Emotions Describe what managers try to achieve through work and how they think they should behaveAttitudesCapture managers’ thoughts and feelings about their specific jobs and organizations.Moods and EmotionsEncompass how managers actually feel when they are managing
9 Terminal and Instrumental Values Source: Rokeach, The Nature of Human Values (New York: Free Press, 1973).Figure 2.4
10 Attitudes Attitudes Job Satisfaction A collection of feelings and beliefs.Job SatisfactionA collection of feelings and beliefs that managers have about their current jobs.Managers high on job satisfaction like their jobs, feel that they are being fairly treated, and believe that their jobs have many desirable features
11 Attitudes Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Behaviors that are not required of organizational members but that contribute to and are necessary for organizational efficiency, effectiveness, and gaining a competitive advantage.
12 Attitudes Organizational Commitment The collection of feelings and beliefs that managers have about their organization as a wholeCommitted managers are loyal to and are proud of their firms.Commitment can lead to a strong organizational culture.Commitment helps managers perform their figurehead and spokesperson roles.
13 Moods and Emotions Mood Emotion A feeling or state of mind Positive moods provide excitement, elation, and enthusiasm.Negative moods lead to fear, distress, and nervousnessEmotionIntense, relatively short-lived feelings
14 Emotional Intelligence The ability to understand and manage one’s own moods and emotions and the moods and emotions of other people.Helps managers carry out their interpersonal roles of figurehead, leader, and liaison.
15 Organizational Culture Shared set of beliefs, expectations, values, norms, and work routines that influence how members of an organization relate to one another and work together to achieve organizational goals