1 Earth Science Topic #9/10 Review Game 71319252814202639152127410162228511172329612182430
2 Which sediment is most easily picked up and transported by the wind? a. cobblesb. pebblesc. sandd. silt200 pts!
3 Which statement best describes sediments deposited by glaciers and rivers? a. Glacial deposits and river deposits are both sorted.b. Glacial deposits are sorted, and river deposits are unsorted.c. Glacial deposits are unsorted, and river deposits are sorted.d. Glacial deposits and river deposits are both unsorted.250 pts!
4 In what way is a pebble probably changing as it is carried by a mountain stream? a. Its density is decreasing.b. Its mass is decreasing.c. Its particle size is increasing.d. Its hardness is increasing.500 pts!
5 The four objects below are made of the same material and have the same mass. Which object will settle fastest in calm water?250 pts!ABCD
6 Base your answer on the map which shows the large delta that formed as the Mississippi River emptied into the Gulf of Mexico.Which process was primarily responsible for the formation of the delta?a. glacial erosionb. cementation of sedimentc. deposition of sedimentd. mass movement250 pts!
7 Base your answer on the diagram below, which shows a meandering stream Base your answer on the diagram below, which shows a meandering stream. Letters A, B, C, and D indicate locations on the streambed.At which two locations is the rate of erosion greater than the rate of deposition?a. A and Bb. B and Cc. C and Dd. D and A500 pts!
8 Base your answer on the diagram below which shows the sequence of events leading to the deposition of landslide debris.What was the primary force that caused this landslide?a. gravityb. moving icec. prevailing windsd. stream discharge400 pts!
9 What is the minimum water velocity needed in a stream to maintain the transportation of the smallest boulder?a. 100 cm/secb. 200 cm/secc. 300 cm/secd. 500 cm/sec250 pts!
10 A stream flowing at a velocity of 250 centimeters per second is transporting sediment particles ranging in size from clay to cobbles. Which transported particles will be deposited by the stream if its velocity decreases to 100 centimeters per second?a. cobbles, onlyb. cobbles and some pebbles, onlyc. cobbles, pebbles, and some sand, onlyd. cobbles, pebbles, sand, slit, and clay300 pts!
11 Base your answer on the cross section below which shows sedimentary rocks being eroded by water at a waterfall.The sedimentary rock layers are being weathered and eroded at different rates primarily because the rock layersa. formed during different time periodsb. contain different fossilsc. have different compositionsd. are horizontal200 pts!
12 Base your answer on the diagram below Base your answer on the diagram below. The diagram shows points A, B, C, and D on a meandering stream.400 pts!Which material is most likely to be transported in suspension during periods of slowest stream velocity?a. gravelb. sandc. siltd. clay
13 Base your answer on the cross section below which shows a stream flowing downhill. Points A through D are locations in the stream.200 pts!At which point would most deposition occur?a. Ab. Bc. Cd. D
14 Base your answer on the cross section below which shows a soil profile. 500 pts!This soil was formed primarily bya. erosion by glaciersb. erosion by running waterc. capillarity and human activityd. weathering and biological activity
15 Base your answer on the diagram which represents a profile of a mountain glacier in the northern United States.150 pts!If the climate warms, causing the glacier to melt away, the region that the glacier formerly occupied will be aa. U-shaped valley with polished bedrockb. V-shaped valley with jagged bedrockc. flat plain with bedrock that has been metamorphosedd. deep ocean trench with bedrock that has been melted and cooled
16 What is the best evidence that a glacial erratic has been transported? a. It is located at a high elevation in a mountainous area.b. It is less than 25 centimeters in diameter.c. Its composition is different from that of the bedrock under it.d. It appears to have been intensely metamorphosed.450 pts!
17 Base your answer on the model shown below which illustrates stream erosion between locations A and B in the stream.400 pts!Placing a second block under location A will cause the stream's velocity toa. decrease and the rate of erosion to decreaseb. decrease and the rate of erosion to increasec. increase and the rate of erosion to decreased. increase and the rate of erosion to increase
18 Which property of water makes frost action a common and effective form of weathering? a. Water dissolves many earth materials.b. Water expands when it freezes.c. Water cools the surroundings when it evaporates.d. Water loses 334 Joules of heat per gram when it freezes.200 pts!
19 Base your answer on the demonstration shown in the diagram below which indicates that powdered limestone reacts faster than a single large piece of limestone of equal mass when both are placed in acid.300 pts!The most likely reason powdered limestone reacts faster is that it hasa. less total volumeb. more chemical bondsc. more total surface aread. lower density
20 A major difference between sediments in the outwash and sediments in the moraines is that the sediments deposited in the outwash area. largerb. sortedc. more angulard. older450 pts!
21 300 pts! The diagram below represents a geologic cross section. Which statement best explains why the conglomerate appears to be the most weathered bedrock?a. The conglomerate particles are large.b. The conglomerate is composed of quartz cobbles and pebbles.c. The conglomerate underlies a steeper-sloped surface.d. The conglomerate has been exposed to weathering the longest.300 pts!
22 Base your answer on The generalized cross section below shows the sedimentary rock layers at Niagara Falls in western New York State.Which rock layer appears to be most resistant to weathering and erosion?a. Lockport dolostoneb. Rochester shalec. Grimsby sandstoned. Queenston shale200 pts!
23 Which statement best characterizes the soils found in New York State? a. All the soil has been removed by glaciation.b. Wind erosion has been the dominant agent in soil formation.c. Transported soils are similar in composition to underlying bedrock.d. Transported soils are far more common than residual soils.200 pts!
24 Base your answer on the graph below, which shows the effect that average yearly precipitation and temperature have on the type of weathering that will occur in a particular region.The amount of chemical weathering will increase ifa. air temperature decreases and precipitation decreasesb. air temperature decreases and precipitation increasesc. air temperature increases and precipitation decreasesd. air temperature increases and precipitation increases200 pts!350 pts!
25 Sharp-edged, irregularly shaped sediment particles found at the base of a rock cliff were probably transported bya. gravityb. windc. ocean wavesd. running water250 pts!
26 300 pts! How are dissolved materials carried in a river? a. in solutionb. in suspensionc. by precipitationd. by bouncing and rolling300 pts!
27 Landscapes will undergo the most chemical weathering if the climate is a. cool and dryb. cool and wetc. warm and dryd. warm and wet300 pts!
28 Base your answer on the landscape diagram which shows a fan-shaped pattern of sediment deposits. The fan-shaped pattern of these sediments is most likely the result of deposition bya. glacial iceb. ocean wavesc. running waterd. prevailing winds200 pts!
29 Which characteristic would most likely remain constant when a limestone cobble is subjected to extensive abrasion?a. shapeb. massc. volumed. composition350 pts!
30 Which graph best represents the relationship between the slope of a river and the particle size that can be transported by that river?AB200 pts!CD
31 Which quartz sample has probably undergone abrasion in a stream for the longest period of time? 250 pts!