2 Opening Assignment: Organize the following words into the fewest groups Eyes, Stomach, Kidney, Digestion, Respiration, Umbilicus, Gluteus Maximus, Reproduction, Cells, Urinary Bladder, Mitosis, Excretion, Movement, Gas Exchange, Lungs, Brain, Blood Formation, Support, Absorption, Blood
4 Anatomy and Physiology StructuresShape of the body and its partsGross Anatomy can be seen without a microscopeMicroscopic , too small to be seen without a microscopeHow the body and its parts workStructures determine the functionFunctions are the processes or jobs
7 Skeletal System Structure Function Bones, cartilage, ligaments and jointsFunctionSupport.Provides basis for movement.ProtectionHematopoiesis = Formation of red blood cells happens within long bones.Mineral storage.
8 Muscular System Structure Function Skeletal muscles. Although muscle is found in other systemsMuscles contract (shorten) and provide movement.Support.Heat production
9 Cardiovascular System StructureHeart and blood vessels.FunctionUses blood as the carrier of nutrients, wastes and gassesCarries White Blood Cells and chemicals that protect the bodyHeart acts as a pump.
10 Lymphatic / Immune System FunctionStructureLymphatic vessels, Lymph nodes, spleen tonsils, thymus, bone marrow,Recovers fluids for tissue drainageCleans the bloodHouses cells that are involved in immunity
11 Nervous System Function Responds to external and internal signals StructureBrain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptorsResponds to external and internal signalsCoordinates activities of other organ systems.
12 Endocrine System Structure Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenals, Thymus, Pancreas, Pineal, Ovary and Testes.FunctionDirects long-term changes using hormones.Growth,ReproductionFood Use.
13 Integumentary System Structure Skin (largest organ) and temperature, pressure and pain receptors.FunctionProtect,CushionWaterproofsExcretes salt and ureaRegulates temperature.
14 Respiratory System Structure Function Nasal passage, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungsFunctionDelivery of air to sites where gas exchange takes place
15 Digestive System Function Processing food, absorption of organic nutrients, minerals vitamins and waterStructureoral cavity,esophagusstomachsmalllarge intestinesrectumliverpancreas
16 Urinary System Structure Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra. Function Excretes nitrogen-containing waste (forms when protein is broken down) Urea and Uric AcidMaintains water and salt balanceControls pH of the blood
17 Reproductive System Function StructureFunctionProduction of sex cells and hormones to produce offspring.M=Testes (produce sperm), Scrotum, Penis accessory glands and duct systemF=Ovary Produce eggs), Uterine tubes, Uterus, Vagina
18 8 Life FunctionsBoundaries: Inside is separate from outside…every cell has a membrane.Movement: We move and our food moves through us.Responsiveness: Sense changes and react.Digestion: Breaking down of food to be absorbed by blood.Metabolism: All chemical reactions in the body. Depends on the Digestive and Respiratory systems for nutrients and oxygen but it is regulated by the hormones of the Endocrine system.Excretion: Removing wasteReproduction: Production of offspringGrowth: Increase in size.
19 HomeostasisStable internal conditionsHomeostatic Control Mechanisms
20 Negative Feedback Mechanisms Shuts off original stimulus like home thermostat.Our body has a lot of these: Water, temperature, sugar, fight or flight, muscles for balance. Constant state of adjustment.
21 Positive Feedback Mechanisms Increases the original stimulus. Blood clotting and birth of baby.