Presentation on theme: "Jan. 23rd Warmup What were the motivations behind European exploration of distant lands? Anything of value: Gold, spices, and luxury goods Trade Larger."— Presentation transcript:
1 Jan. 23rd WarmupWhat were the motivations behind European exploration of distant lands?Anything of value:Gold, spices, and luxury goodsTradeLarger profitsCatholic conversionThe motivations behind European exploration of distant lands were anything of value (gold, spices, and luxury goods), trade, larger profits, and Catholic conversion.
6 Treaty of Tordesillas Background: Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Spain & Portugal feared each other would claim each other’s territoriesTreaty of Tordesillas (1494)North-south boundary linePortugal would have eastControl of Africa and Spice tradeSpain would have westMost of the America’s
8 Portuguese Portuguese Explorers 2. Bartholomeu Dias 3. Cape of Good Hope (1488)2. Vasco da Gama3. Calicut, India (1498)3. Big $$ from cargo of Indian spices2. Afonso de Albuquerque3. established a port in Goa, India3. Melaka- took control of spice trade from Muslims
9 Spanish Spanish Explorers 2. Columbus 3. reached the Americas (1492) 3. reached all major Caribbean islands, he called “Indies”2. Magellan3. waterway along tip of S. America, “Strait of Magellan”3. killed in Philippines; remembered as 1st around globe2. Amerigo Vespucci3. many voyages; America named after him2. Hernan Cortes3. Conquest of the Aztec2. Francisco Pizzaro3. Conquest of the Inca
10 Making Connections Portuguese Spanish Invented the caravel Used government sponsorshipWent to Africa for gold, later India & Spice IslandsPortuguese signed a treaty with Moluccan ruler for control of the spice trade over the ArabsLimited number of trading postsDid not have the power, people, or desire to colonize these regions.Went to America; took control of BrazilUsed government sponsorshipConquistadors went to AmericaConquered Aztec & Inca EmpiresCreated an empire by destroying civilizations and killing native populationsEmpire expansion
11 European RivalsEngland, France, and the Netherlands also explored and settled in the Americas.Dutch:West India CompanyNew Netherland, never flourishedEnglish:Seized the colony of New Netherland, rename New YorkVirginia & Massachusetts Bay ColonyEstablished control of the eastern seaboard of N. AmericaFrench:Colonized Canada & Louisiana
12 Homework Read Lesson 11.2 (online), pages #198-203 11.2 Vocabulary List:Destruction of local culturesIncrease European TradeMercantilismColumbian ExchangePlantation SystemDutch East India CompanySlave TradeMiddle PassageEffects of the Atlantic Slave Trade