3 THE ECOSYSTEM OF THE REGION Limestone skeletons of a tiny sea animal: coralShrimplike animal: krillSmall, sturdy plants: lichenSmall shrub that grows in New Zealand: manukaPool of water inside an atoll: lagoonThe formation that lies just off Australia's northeastern coast (the largest living thing on earth) is the _____. Great Barrier Reef
4 The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space – it’s big!
5 A FEW CULTURAL ASPECTSIn some parts of Oceania _____ is spoken. pidgin EnglishAustralians speak _____, a dialect of English. StrineThe _____ was originally a hunting tool. BoomerangEach aboriginal family group traveled as a _____. ClanA _____ provides simple shelter on tropical islands. FaleSome islanders still make their livings by _____. subsistence farmingThe arts have enriched life in the South Pacific region by passing on knowledge from generation to generation and now it has many _____, _____, and _____. musicians, writers and artistsSome characteristics of modern lifestyles in Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania include: _____ and _____. Australia and New Zealand are fast paced and island life is slow paced
6 THE ECONOMICS OF THE REGION New Zealand's main natural resource is _____. LandThe local resources that help to meet New Zealand's main natural resource are: _____. rivers and dams that produce hydroelectric power and geothermal energy provided by water heated underground by volcanoes
7 The beauty of scenic New Zealand is stunning. The sheep like it too!
8 THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION Well from which pressurized water flows to the surface: artesian wellHuge crack in an ice cap: crevasseLow, ring-shaped island: atollThe three types of islands that are found in Oceania are: _____, _____, and _____. high islands, low islands, and continental islandsThe _____ of the cap causes the motion of the Antarctic ice cap. Weight
9 This is an island. It’s an atoll – created by a volcanic explosion leaving a ring
10 SOME POLITICAL FACTORS OF THE REGION The Micronesian islands became a _____ after World War II. trust territoryIn 1901 Australia became a _____ Great Britain. DominionThe Antarctic treaty was established in 1959 because they wanted to preserve Antarctica as a peaceful scientific _____. research site
11 Antarctica is a wasteland of ice, but millions of animals survive their year-round
12 SOME HISTORY OF THE REGION *Geography influenced settlement patterns in the region because a high percentage of the land is unsuited for human _____. Habitation*The ways of life that Pacific indigenous peoples practice is that the Aborigines were nomads and the pacific islanders settled in family groups along the _____. Coasts*European settlement influenced the region by _____, _____, _____, _____ and _____. establishing coastal farms, bringing livestock, building textile industries, bringing diseases, and by ruling the people cruelly*Maori, Aborigines, and people from Asia were the original settlers of _____, _____, and _____. Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania
13 The didgeridoo (also known as a didjeridu) is a wind instrument developed by Indigenous Australians of the North
14 WEATHER & CLIMATE Windless area near the Equator: doldrums Violent Pacific Ocean storm: typhoonThe climate that supports most of Australia's agricultural lands is _____. humid subtropicalThe factor that prevents temperature extremes in _____ is ocean winds that warm the land in winter and cool it in the summer. New Zealand