Presentation on theme: "THE FINNISH NATIONAL BOARD OF EDUCATION Councellor of Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE FINNISH NATIONAL BOARD OF EDUCATION Councellor of Education Terveiset Suomesta ja Opetushallituksesta. Opetushallituksen rakennus sijaitsee Suomenlahden rannalla Helsingissä. Samassa talossa työskentelee Suomen Akatemia sekä CIMO.THE FINNISH NATIONAL BOARD OF EDUCATIONCouncellor of EducationTuulamarja Huisman
2 Inclusion in FinlandNot only equal educational opportunities but also: thestrategiesstructuresoperating procedureswhich guarantee successful learning for ALL pupils.In practice:educational structures that prevent exclusionactivities and pedagogies that facilitate inclusion
3 Inclusion in FinlandIndividual needs as challenges for the learning environment or school community. All students, even those with the most severe developmental impairments, receive similar basic education. Over 99.7% of students complete the nine years of comprehensive school.
4 New Strategy for Special Needs Education in Comprehensive Education Changes in Basic Education Act,came into force on 1 January 2011.Changes in National Curricula for Pre-primary andBasic Education, coming into force 2015.Large development program.
5 Support in learning and school attendance The level of support is based on pedagogical assessment: regularity of support, intensity of support and if there is a need for several forms of support.The possibility to get support and counselling is a right every pupil has on every school dayThe support is a collaborative effort involving ALL teachers, the pupil and his/her parent or carer and, where needed, pupil welfare personnel7
6 The support is intensified by three stages: general support, intensified support and special support.
8 Migrant Education in numbers In Finland 5,3 million inhabitants3-4 % , more than migrantsAbout migrant pupils in general educationMunicipalities are responsible of providing pre-school and basic education – they have to follow the law and the national core curriculum; otherwise they are autonomous
9 National programme to develop multicultural skills 2007 - 2011 Underlying values of the National Core Curriculum: human rights, equality, democracySupporting the formation of pupils’ multicultural identity and participation in Finnish societyPromotion of tolerance and intercultural understanding in school communities.Developing the multicultural skills of the whole school community to learn and teach in a multicultural learning environment.
10 Preparatory instruction for basic education Local authorities can provide preparatory education to which the FNBE has drawn up the national core curriculumState finances this instruction for one year with a double state grant per pupil.Target groups are children arriving in Finland at pre-primary age (6 years) or at basic education age (7-16 years) immediately after arriving to the country
11 Preparatory instruction Pupils study Finnish or Swedish, the main basic education subjects and if possible, their mother tongue.It is mandatory for the education providers to arrange teaching of the mother tongue.State: extra state funding, max 2 hours / week for a group of min 4 pupilsBasic Education Act guarantees the instruction of different religions in schools financed by municipalities
12 The Finnish RomaAbout Roma people in Finland, (about Finnish Roma in Sweden)500 years in FinlandMother tongue mainly Finnish (Swedish/Romany language)Lutheran religion or free sects
13 The Finnish National Policy on Roma On behalf of the Finnish Government the National Advisory Board on Romani Affairs in Finland has prepaired the first National Policy on Roma in 2009Guidelines all administrative sectors for the implementation of activitiesGuidelines also the activities of the National Board of Education and especially the Roma Education Group
14 Key areas of education in the Finnish National Policy on Roma Enhancing the participation of Roma children in early childhood and pre-primary educationEnhancing the social inclusion of Roma children and youth in basic education and upper secondary educationEnhancing the participation in vocational education and training of adult RomaPromoting the development of the Romani language and culture
15 Finnish National Board of Education co-ordinates the state aid for promoting basic education of Roma pupilsfor Romany language nest activitiesfor arranging teaching of the Romany language in pre-primary education, basic education and upper secondary educationfor arranging basic education, teaching of the Romany language and culture, empowerment skills etc. for prisoners of Roma backgroundduring 2008 to 2015, a totally 2,3 m€ has been shared for municipal authorities for this purpose
16 Romany as mother tongue The task is to support the balanced development of pupils’ dual identity and their ability to integrate into both the Roma and the Finnish community.Teaching aims to activate the pupils’ skills and use of the Romany language so that Roma pupils are able and have the courage to use their own language as a tool of interaction both within the Roma community and outside it.Pupils are instructed in understanding the importance of their own language for the vitality and identity of their own culture and the position of the Romany language as a language next to all other languages.
17 Arranging teaching of the Romany language government aid for a maximum of 2 hours per weekteaching takes place during the school dayThe Finnish Romany language is under serious threat and included in the Unesco list of endangered languagesFor the time being, there are Romany-speaking people in Finland, but their average age is rising rapidly
18 Other development work by the Finnish National Board of Education Summer courses in the Romany languageFurther training for teachers of the Romany languageWorkshops for Roma parents in different parts of the countryLearning materials, dictionaries and brochuresLatšo Diives magazine