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1. What does V-E Day stand for. -Victory in Europe 2

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Presentation on theme: "1. What does V-E Day stand for. -Victory in Europe 2"— Presentation transcript:

1 1. What does V-E Day stand for. -Victory in Europe 2
1. What does V-E Day stand for? -Victory in Europe 2. What does V-J Day stand for? -Victory in Japan 3. At what conference did Stalin promise Roosevelt free elections in Eastern Europe? -Yalta Conference 4. At what conference did Truman demand Stalin allow free elections? -Potsdam Conference 5. What did Winston Churchill say divided Europe? -Iron Curtain 6. What document did the US issues promising to stop the spread of communism? -Truman Doctrine 7-8. What two mutual defense alliances were formed in Europe after WWII? -NATO -Warsaw Pact 9. What did the US develop economically in an effort to stop the spread of communism into Western Europe? -Marshall Plan 10. What international organization was formed to ensure world peace and security? -United Nations

2 Post-World War II Settlements

3 Postwar Settlements World heavily damaged by WWII
Over 60 million people died Soviets alone lost 20 million Tens of millions of people displaced Massive population shift Germans fled Russian advance Soviets pillaged, raped civilians 12 million German, Soviet POWs returned home Survivors of death camps wanted to go home

4 Postwar Settlements Cold War between US and Soviets began
Divided global population Political, ideological, economic struggle Necessity of defeating Axis held Allies together Tensions persisted Soviets upset over delay opening second front Differences in opinion over post-war settlements

5 Postwar Settlements Tensions evident during wartime conferences
Yalta Conference-February 1945 Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin Soviets agreed to enter war against Japan Free elections to determine governments in occupied nations Potsdam Conference-August 1945 Truman, Atlee, Stalin Discussed occupation of Germany, Austria Truman insisted Stalin honor Yalta agreement Refused and installed communist governments in Eastern Europe

6 Postwar Settlements Territorial divisions reflected split between US and Soviets Soviets took over eastern Germany Included capital of Berlin US, Britain, France occupied western portions Berlin remained under control of all four powers Churchill proclaimed an “iron curtain” had descended on Europe Divided Europe Eastern Europe-communist Western Europe-capitalist Similar division occurred in Asia US occupied Japan Korea split between US and Soviets

7 Postwar Settlements President Truman issued Truman Doctrine in March 1947 In response to crisis in Greece, Turkey Promised US aid to any nation resisting communism US now committed to policy of containing communism Sent money to Greece, Turkey Provided military aid to allies

8 Global Reconstruction
US developed Marshall Plan Shore up destroyed infrastructure of Europe Forestall Soviet influence Provided more than $13 billion Soviets claimed capitalist imperialism Refused to allow eastern Europe to accept money Countered with COMECON Offered increase in trade with Soviet Union and eastern Europe

9 Global Reconstruction
US sponsored creation of NATO Signaled militarization of Cold War Regional military alliance against Soviet aggression Intent was to maintain peace in Europe through mutual defense Soviets formed Warsaw Pact as counter-measure Matched collective defense of NATO

10 Global Reconstruction
US and Soviets agreed on creation of United Nations (UN) International organization designed to keep world peace Derived from Allied cooperation in WWII Final charter created in 1945 Dedicated to preserving international peace and security Promoted friendly relations among nations

11 Reading Read the UN’s Declaration of Human Rights
Answer the three Reading Review Questions, and the following questions, on a separate sheet of paper What will make this organization more effective than the League of Nations? In what ways are the different articles tied to the Great War, the Inter-War Era, and WWII? Give specific examples. What past documents influenced the Declaration of Human Rights? In what ways? What implications will the Declaration of Human Rights have for the UN in the future?

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