Educate. Support. Empower. Advocate. www.thefamilycaregiver.org A Consumer/Caregiver Perspective.
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Educate. Support. Empower. Advocate. www.thefamilycaregiver.org A Consumer/Caregiver Perspective
WHO ARE family caregivers? “ caregiver ” is a job description that can include providing personal care, carrying out medical procedures, managing a household, and interacting with the formal healthcare and social service systems on another’s behalf People who provide essential “unpaid” assistance to someone with a chronic illness and/or disability “ family ” describes a special relationship with the care recipient, based on birth, adoption, marriage, or declared commitment
WHO ARE family caregivers? Nearly one-third of the U.S. adult population: 65.7 million people Source: Caregiving in the US. Conducted by the National Alliance for Caregiving, in partnership with AARP, funded by MetLife Foundation. Released 12/9/2009. Not yet in publication. Available at www.Caregiving.org. 66% women average 48 years of age 34% take care of two or more people 86% provide care for a relative 36% take care of a parent 70% take care of someone 50+ 14% take care of an adult age 18 to 49 14% take care of a child under the age of 18
WHAT DO family caregivers do? Activities of Daily Living Transfers Getting in and out of beds and chairs Getting dressed Bathing/Showering Getting to and from the toilet Feeding Dealing with incontinence/diapers
WHAT DO family caregivers do? Medical procedures Wound care Trach Care Catheterization Injections Medication Management Taking and reporting vital signs Gathering and reporting diabetes #s
WHAT DO family caregivers do? Care Coordination Communicating with Healthcare providers Appointment management Scheduling coordination Managing transitions of care Discharge planning
WHAT DO family caregivers do? Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Transportation (providing and/or arranging) Housework Grocery Shopping Preparing meals Managing Finances Giving medications, pills, injections Arranging or supervising paid support services Navigating insurance
Caregiving Burden Low BurdenHigh Burden Report a strong financial hardship 10%23% Report worsening health due to caregiving 12%28% Average number of hours of care per week 5.946.9 Average number of ADLs performed by caregiver 0.23.2 Average number of IADLs performed by caregiver 3.65.5 Live with care recipient 12%43% Report using paid help 31%42% Employment status 77%66% Report having to have made one or more changes to work schedule 64%83% Caregivers want more help or information 73%83%
HOW DOES THIS IMPACT family caregivers? depression chronic disease stress Family caregivers who provide care 36 or more hours weekly are more likely than non-caregivers to experience symptoms of depression or anxiety. For spouses the rate is six times higher; for those caring for a parent the rate is twice as high. Family caregivers report having a chronic condition at more than twice the rate of non-caregivers. Stress of family caregiving for persons with dementia has been shown to impact a person's immune system for up to three years after their caregiving ends thus increasing their chances of developing a chronic illness themselves.
HOW DOES THIS IMPACT family caregivers? premature aging increased risk of mortality Family caregivers experiencing extreme stress have been shown to age prematurely. This level of stress can take as much as 10 years off a family caregiver's life. A wife's hospitalization increases her husband's chances of dying within a month by 35%. A husband's hospitalization boosts his wife's mortality risk by 44%.
WHAT DEVICE CHALLENGES DO family caregivers face? Devices too complex for family caregiver use, even with initial training Device instructions/manuals not written for family caregiver audience Instruction provided during stressful transitions of care Device labeling often includes confusing and difficult-to- comprehend warnings, precautions, and contraindications. Device may not be compatible with family caregiver’s capabilities, lifestyle or environment. Device delivered not always the same make or model that prescriber described. Pets, children, home environment Device maintenance may take place in a setting or time significantly remote from initial instruction.
Reduce caregiver stress Potential to reduce adverse outcomes Potential to improve patient outcomes Improve consumer relations Demonstrate commitment of industry and government to make sure the patient is as healthy and has as high a quality of life as possible HOW COULD AN ON-LINE REPOSITORY OF MEDICAL DEVICES IMPACT family caregivers and their loved ones?